ລິ້ງ ສຳຫລັບເຂົ້າຫາ

ວັນອັງຄານ, 29 ພະຈິກ 2022

ອົງການສະຫະປະຊາຊາດ ຫາ​ທາງ​ເຮັດ​ໃຫ້ ການຂົນສົ່ງອາ​ຫານ​ປະ​ເພດເມັດ ສາ​ມາດ ​​​ຜ່ານ​ທະ​ເລ​ດຳ​ໄດ້


​ລົດ​ກ່ຽວ​ເຊົ້າ​ເບ​ລກ​ຳ​ລັງທຳ​ການເກັບ​ກ່ຽວຢູ່​ໃນ​ທົ່ງ​ນາ​ແຫ່ງ​ນຶ່ງ ໃນ​ເມືອງ Zghurivka ຂອງ​ຢູ​ເຄ​ຣນ, ວັນ​ທີ 9 ສິງ​ຫາ, 2022.

ຢູເຄຣນ, ເທີກີ ແລະອົງການສະຫະປະຊາຊາດ ໄດ້ເຮັດວຽກເພື່ອຮັກສາການຂົນສົ່ງອາ​ຫານ​ປະ​ເພດເມັດ ໃຫ້ຜ່ານທະເລດຳໄປໄດ້ ໃນວັນຈັນມື້ນີ້ ຫຼັງຈາກ ຣັດເຊຍໄດ້ໂຈະການເຂົ້າຮ່ວມໃນໂຄງ​ການລິເລີ້ມດ້ານອາ​ຫານ​ປະ​ເພດເມັດ ທີ່ນຳພາໂດຍອົງ​ການສະຫະປະຊາຊາດນັ້ນ.

“ກຳ​ປັ່ນ​ຂົນ​ສົ່ງ​ສິນ​ຄ້າ​ພົນ​ລະ​ເຮືອນ ​ບໍ່​ສາ​ມາດ​ເປັນ​ເປົ້າ​ໝາຍ​ທາງ​ການ​ທະ​ຫານ ຫຼື​ ຖືກ​ຈັບ​ເປັນ​ຕົວ​ປະກັນ​ຈັກ​ເທື່ອ. ອາຫານຕ້ອງເຄື່ອ​ນໄປໃຫ້​ໄດ້,” ນັ້ນ​ຄື​ຄຳ​ເວົ້າ​ຂອງ​ທ່ານ​ອາ​ເມຍ ອັບ​ດູ​ລ​ລາ (Amir Abdulla), ຜູ້ປະສານງານຂອງອົງ​ການສະຫະປະຊາຊາດສໍາລັບໂຄງ​ການລິເລີ້ມດ້ານອາ​ຫານປະ​ເພດເມັດ ຢູ່​ທະ​ເລ​ດຳ ຫລື Black Sea Grain Initiative ທີ່​ຂຽນ​ລົງ​ໃນ​ທວີດ​ເຕີ ໃນວັນຈັນມື້ນີ້.

ອົງ​ການສະຫະ​ປະຊາ​ຊາດ​ກ່າວ​ວ່າ ມີ​ຂໍ້​ຕົກລົງ​ຮ່ວມ​ກ່ຽວ​ກັບ​ແຜນການ​ໃຫ້​ກຳ​ປັ່ນ 16 ລຳ ​ແລ່ນ​ໄປ​ຕາມ​ແລວ​ທາງ​ມະນຸດສະທຳ​ທາງ​ທະ​ເລ, ​ຊຶ່ງ​ລວມ​ມີ 12 ລຳ ມຸ້ງ​ໜ້າ​ຈາກ​ທ່າເຮືອ​ຢູ​ເຄຣນ​ໄປ​ສູ່​ເຂດ​ກວດກາ​ນອກແຄມ​ຝັ່ງນະຄອນອີ​ສ​ຕັນ​ບູ​ລ.

ຖະ​ແຫຼງການ​ສະບັບ​ນຶ່ງ ​ໃນ​ວັນ​ອາທິດວານ​ນີ້ ຍັງກ່າວ​ວ່າ ເທີກີ ​ແລະ​ສະຫະ​ປະຊາ​ຊາດ​ຈະ​ຕັ້ງ​ເປົ້າ​ໝາຍໃຫ້​ທີມງານ​ກວດກາ ​ກວດເຄື່ອງ​ໃນ​ກຳ​ປັ່ນໃຫ້​ໄດ້ 40 ລຳ ທີ່​ອອກ​ມາຈາກ​ຢູ​ເຄຣນ.

ອາ​ຫານປະ​ເພດ​ເມັດ ​ແລະ​ສະບຽງ​ອາຫານ​ອື່ນໆ ​ຫຼາຍ​ກວ່າ 9.5 ລ້ານ​ໂຕນ​ໄດ້​ອອກ​ຈາກ​ທ່າ​ກຳ​ປັ່ນ​ຂອງຢູເຄ​ຣນ​ ນັບ​ແຕ່​ຕົ້ນ​ເດືອນ​ສິງຫາ​ຜ່ານ​ມາ ​ພາຍ​ໃຕ້​ຂໍ້​ຕົກລົງ​ທີ່​ໄດ້​ເຊັນ​ກັນ​ກັບ​ຢູ​ເຄ​ຣນ​ແລະຣັດ​ເຊຍ​ເພື່ອ​ຟື້ນ​ຟູ​ການ​ຂົນ​ສົ່ງ​ຄືນ​ໃໝ່​ທ່າມ ກາງ​ວິ​ກິດ​ການ​ອາຫານ​ໂລກ.

ຣັດ​ເຊຍ​ກ່າວ​ໃນ​ວັນ​ເສົາຜ່ານ​ມາ​ວ່າ ຕົນ​ໄດ້​ໂຈະ​ການ​ເຂົ້າ​ຮ່ວມໂຄງ​ການນີ້ ຊຶ່ງ​ຮວມ​ທັງ​ການ​ສະໜອງ​ໜ່ວຍ​ງານ​ກວດກາ ​ແລະ​ອະນຸຍາດ​ໃຫ້ຣັດ​ເຊຍ​ສົ່ງ​ອອກປຸຍ,​ ​ໂດຍ​ໃຫ້​ຂໍ້ອ້າງ​ວ່າ ຢູ​ເຄຣນ​ໄດ້​ທໍາ​ການ​ໂຈມ​ຕີ​ດ້ວຍ​ເຮືອບິນ​ບໍ່​ມີ​ຄົນ​ຂັບ ຕໍ່​ກອງ​ທະ​ຫານ​ເຮືອ​ທະ​ເລ​ດຳ​ຂອງຣັດ​ເຊຍ ຢູ່ນອກ​ແຫລ​ມ​ໄຄ​ຣ​ເມຍທີ່​ຖືກ​ຍຶດ​ຄອງນັ້ນ.

ຕະຫຼາດເຂົ້າ​ເບ​ລ ເກີດ​ຄວາມ​ປັ່ນ​ປ່ວນຍ້ອນ​ການບຸກລຸກຢູເຄຣນ ຂອງມົສກູ ມາເປັນເວລາ 8 ເດືອນ ຂະ​ນະ​ທີ່ທັງສອງປະເທດ ເປັນປະເທດສົ່ງອອກເຂົ້າເບ​ລທີ່ໃຫຍ່ທີ່ສຸດຂອງໂລກ.

ການ​ຂາຍເຂົ້າ​ເບ​ລໃນອະນາຄົດຢູ່ຊີ​ຄາ​ໂກ ໄດ້ເພີ່ມສູງຂຶ້ນຫຼາຍກວ່າ 5 ເປີ​ເຊັນ ໃນຕອນເຊົ້າວັນ​ຈັນ​ມື້ນີ້, ແຕ່ກໍຍັງຕ່ໍາກວ່າລະດັບ​ເມື່ອກາງເດືອນພຶດສະພາຜ່ານ​ມາ ປະມານ 30 ເປີ​ເຊັນ.

ອ່ານ​ຂ່າວນີ້​ເພີ້ມ​ເປັນ​ພາ​ສາ​ອັງ​ກິດ​ຢູ່​ລຸ່ມນີ້:

Ukraine, Turkey and the United Nations worked to keep grain shipments moving through the Black Sea Monday after Russia suspended its participation in a U.N.-led grain initiative.

“Civilian cargo ships can never be a military target or held hostage. The food must flow,” Amir Abdulla, U.N. coordinator for the Black Sea Grain Initiative, tweeted Monday.

The U.N. said there was a joint agreement on a plan for 16 vessels to move through the maritime humanitarian corridor, including 12 heading from Ukrainian ports toward an inspection area off Istanbul.

A Sunday statement also said Turkey and the U.N. would provide inspection teams with a goal of inspecting 40 vessels that have left Ukraine.

More than 9.5 million metric tons of grain and other foodstuffs have left Ukrainian ports since the beginning of August under the agreement struck with Ukraine and Russia to resume the shipments amid a global food crisis.

Russia said Saturday it was suspending its participation, which included providing inspection teams and allowing Russia to export fertilizer, claiming that Ukraine carried out a drone attack against Russia’s Black Sea Fleet off occupied Crimea.

Wheat markets have been volatile due to developments in Moscow's eight-month-old invasion of Ukraine, as both countries are among the world's largest wheat exporters.

Chicago wheat futures were up more than 5% early Monday, but still about 30% lower than mid-May levels.

No vessels moved through the maritime humanitarian corridor on Sunday. Among those waiting to pass was the Ikaria Angel, which the World Food Program chartered to bring 30,000 metric tons of wheat to the Horn of Africa.

European Union foreign policy chief Josep Borrell called on Russia to return to the agreement to allow “food to reach the world.”

“Russia’s decision to suspend participation in the Black Sea deal puts at risk the main export route of much needed grain and fertilizers to address the global food crisis caused by its war against Ukraine,” EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell tweeted on Sunday. “The EU urges Russia to revert its decision.”

The International Rescue Committee (IRC) warned of catastrophic consequences of Russia suspending its participation in the U.N.-brokered grain deal. With the war in Ukraine altering the global patterns of food production and supply, inflation in low-income countries has surged to almost 90%. An estimated 345 million people will experience acute food insecurity this year, the organization said. [[ https://www.rescue.org/press-release/russia-halting-ukraine-grain-exports-will-most-heavily-hit-those-already-facing ]]

As tens of millions of people continue to experience extreme hunger in East Africa, and Somalia teeters on the brink of famine as a result of the worst drought in 40 years, the renewed blockade will continue to impede the import of 80% of the grain imported from the Russia-Ukraine region, thereby driving further hunger, the IRC warned.

U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who is “deeply concerned” about the grain initiative, delayed his trip to Algiers for the Arab League Summit by a day to “engage in intense contacts aiming at the end of the Russian suspension of its participation," U.N. spokesperson Stephane Dujarric said in a statement on Sunday.

"The same engagement also aims at the renewal and full implementation of the initiative to facilitate exports of food and fertilizer from Ukraine, as well as removing the remaining obstacles to the exports of Russian food and fertilizer," Dujarric said.

[[ https://www.un.org/sg/en/content/sg/statement/2022-10-30/statement-attributable-the-spokesperson-for-the-secretary-general-%E2%80%93-the-black-sea-grain-initiative ]]

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy on Saturday called the Russia’s exit “predictable.” He accused Moscow of “blockading” ships carrying grain since September.

Zelenskyy called for a tough response against Russia from international bodies like the U.N. and the G-20 group of the world’s major economies.

Speaking to reporters in Delaware Sunday, U.S. President Joe Biden called Russia’s decision to suspend participation from the Ukrainian grain deal “purely outrageous” and said it would increase starvation.

"There's no merit to what they're doing. The U.N. negotiated that deal and that should be the end of it," Biden said.

U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken said in a statement, “In suspending this arrangement, Russia is again weaponizing food in the war it started, directly impacting low- and middle-income countries and global food prices and exacerbating already dire humanitarian crises and food insecurity.”

Blinken said the U.S. is urging “Russia to resume its participation in the Initiative, fully comply with the arrangement, and work to ensure that people around the world continue to be able to receive the benefits facilitated by the Initiative.”

VOA U.N. correspondent Margaret Besheer contributed to this story. Some information for this report came from The Associated Press, Agence France-Presse and Reuters.

ທ່ານອາດຈະມັກເລື້ອງນີ້ຄືກັນ

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