ລິ້ງ ສຳຫລັບເຂົ້າຫາ

ການເຈລະຈາ ສັນຕິພາບ ຮອບຈະມາ ຢູ່​ຊີ​ເຣຍ ຄາດວ່າ ຈະບໍ່ມີຄວາມກ້າວໜ້າ


ທ່ານ Staffan de Mistura ທູດ​ພິ​ເສດ​ຂອງ​ອົງການ​ສະຫະ​ປະຊາ​ຊາດ ຮັບ​ຜິດ​ຊອບ ​ກ່ຽວ​ກັບ​ເລື່ອງ​ຊີ​ເຣຍ ໄດ້ກ່າວໃນວັນ ສຸດທ້າຍ ຂອງກອງປະຊຸມທີ່ Munich, ເຢຍຣະມັນ, 19 ກຸມພາ, 2017.

ຫົວໜ້າ​ໄກ່​ເກ່ຍຂອງ​ອົງການ​ສະຫະ​ປະຊາ​ຊາດ ຮັບຜິດຊອບ​ກ່ຽວ​ກັບ​ການ​ເຈລະຈາ​ສັນຕິພາບ ລະຫວ່າງ​ພັກ​ຝ່າຍ​ຕ່າງໆ​ໃນ​ຊີ​ເຣຍ ກ່າວ​ວ່າ ທ່ານບໍ່​ໄດ້​ມອງ​ເຫັນ​ວ່າ ຈະ​ເກີດ​ຄວາມ​ກ້າວໜ້າ​ຂຶ້ນ​ໃນ​ທັນທີ ​ໃນໃກ້ໆ​ນີ້​ແຕ່​ຢ່າງ​ໃດ​ເລີຍ.

​ໃນ​ຄ່ຳ​ຄືນ​ກ່ອນ​ການ​ເຈລະຈາ​ສັນຕິພາບຮອບ​ໃໝ່ ​ໃນ​ຊີ​ເຣຍ ທ່ານ Staffande
Mistura
ທູດ​ພິ​ເສດ​ຂອງ​ອົງການ​ສະຫະ​ປະຊາ​ຊາດ ຮັບ​ຜິດ​ຊອບ ​ກ່ຽວ​ກັບ​ເລື່ອງ​ຊີ​ເຣຍ
ບໍ່​ໄດ້​ໃຫ້​ຄວາມ​ສຳຄັນ ​ຕໍ່​ຄວາມ​ຄາດໝາຍ​ໃນ​ການ​ເຈລະຈາ​ຄັ້ງນີ້ ​ແຕ່​ກໍ​ກ່າວ​ວ່າ ​ມີ​ “​ແຮງ​ກະຕຸ້ນທາງ​ການ​ເມືອງ” ທີ່​ຈະເຄື່ອນ​ໄຫວ​ໄປໜ້າ ​ໃນ​ຄວາມ​ພະຍາຍາມທີ່​ຈະ​ຍຸຕິ​ສົງຄາມ
ກາງ​ເມືອງ ​ທີ່​ຍືດ​ເຍື້ອຍາວ​ນານມາ​ນັ້ນ.

​ພັກ​ຝ່າຍຕ່າງໆ ທີ່​ເຮັດ​ສົງ​ຄາມ ​ໃນ​ຊີ​ເຣຍ ​ໄດ້​ພົບ​ປະກັນ ​ທີ່​ນະ​ຄອນ​ເຈ​ນີວາ ​ເກືອບ​ວ່າປະມານ 9 ​ເດືອນ​ຜ່ານ​ມາ​. ການ​ເຈລະຈາ​ດັ່ງກ່າວໄດ້ປະສົບ​ກັບ​ຄວາມ​ລົ້ມ​ແຫຼວ​ ຍ້ອນ​ການລະ​ເມີດຂໍ້​ຕົກລົງ​ຢຸດ​ຍິງ ຊ້ຳ​ແລ້​ວຊ້ຳ​ອີກ.

ທ່ານ de Mistura ຮັບ​ຮູ້​ວ່າ ຄວາມ​ສຳ​ເລັດໃນ​ການ​ຟື້ນ​ຟູການ​ເຈລະຈາ​ທີ່ລົ້ມ​ແຫຼວ​ໄປ​ນັ້ນ ສ່ວນ​ໃຫຍ່​ແລ້ວ​ແມ່ນ​ຂຶ້ນຢູ່​ກັບ ​ພັກ​ຝ່າຍ​ຕ່າງໆ​ຢູ່​ໃນ​ສົງຄາມ ​ປະຕິ​ບັດຕາມຂໍ້​ຕົກລົງ​ຢຸດ​ຍິງຫຼືບໍ່.

ຊາຍຄົນນຶ່ງ ກວດກາສະຖານທີ່ເກີດເຫດຂອງການໂຈມຕີທາງອາກາດ ໃນເຂດທີ່ ຄວບຄຸມໂດຍຝ່າຍຄ້ານ ໃນເຂດຄຸ້ມບ້ານ Douma ຂອງນະຄອນ Damascus, ຊີເຣຍ, 19 ກຸມພາ, 2017.
ຊາຍຄົນນຶ່ງ ກວດກາສະຖານທີ່ເກີດເຫດຂອງການໂຈມຕີທາງອາກາດ ໃນເຂດທີ່ ຄວບຄຸມໂດຍຝ່າຍຄ້ານ ໃນເຂດຄຸ້ມບ້ານ Douma ຂອງນະຄອນ Damascus, ຊີເຣຍ, 19 ກຸມພາ, 2017.

ທ່ານ​ໄດ້​ກ່າວ​ວ່າ ຣັດ​ເຊຍ ທີ່​ໄດ້​ບັນລຸຂໍ້​ຕົກລົງ ກັບ​ເທີ​ກີ ​ໃນ​ນະຄອນ Astana ​ເມືອງ​ຫຼວງ​ຂອງ Kazakhstan ໄດ້ໃຊ້ອິດ​ທິພົນຂອງ​ຕົນ​ເພື່ອ​ຢາກ​ຮູ້ຈັກວ່າ ຂໍ້​ຕົກລົງ​ຢຸດ​ຍິງ ທີ່​ບອບ​ບາງ​ນັ້ນ ໄດ້​ຮັບ​ການ​ປະຕິບັດ​ຢູ່​ຕໍ່​ມາ​ຫລື​ບໍ່.

“ມື້​ນີ້ ສະຫະພັນຣັດ​ເຊຍ ຫຼັງ​ຈາກຄະນະ​ປະຕິບັດ​ງານ​ຢຸດ​ຍິງ ​ໄດ້​ປະກາດ ​ໃຫ້ທຸກໆ​ຄົນ ແລະ​ທຸກໆຜູ້ຕາງໜ້າ​ຈາກ​ຫຼາກ​ຫຼາຍປະ​ເທດ ​ແລະ​ສຳ​ຫຼັບ​ຂ້າພະ​ເຈົ້າ​ເອງ ທີ່​ວ່າ ພວກ​ເຂົາ​ເຈົ້າ ​ໄດ້
​ຂໍຮ້ອງຢ່າງ​ເປັນ​ທາງ​ການ​ໃຫ້​ລັດຖະບານ​ຊີ​ເຣຍ ​ຫ້າມ​ບໍ່​ໃຫ້ໃຊ້​ເຮືອ ບິນ​ຢູ່ຂົງເຂ​ດ ທີ່​ກຳນົດ​ໄວ້ ​ໂດຍຂໍ້​ຕົກລົງ​ຢຸດ​ຍິງ ​ລະຫວ່າງ​ພັກ​ຝ່າຍ​ຕ່າງໆ​ທີ່​ເຂົ້າຮ່ວມ ​ການ​ເຈລະຈາ​ຊີ​ເຣຍນັ້ນ.”

ທ່ານ de Mistura ກ່າວ​ເພີ່ມ​ຕື່ມ​ວ່າ ທ່ານ​ໄດ້​ຮ້ອງ​ຂໍ​ໃຫ້​ປະ​ເທດ​ອື່ນໆ ທີ່​ມີ​ອິດ​ທິພົນ ຕໍ່​ກັບ​ພວກ​ຕໍ່ຕ້ານທັງຫຼາຍ ​ໃຫ້​ປະຕິບັດ​ຕາມຂໍ້​ຕົກລົງຢຸດ​ຍິງ ​ແລະ​ບໍ່​ໃຫ້​ທ້າ​ທາຍເກາະ​ຜິດ​ກັບ​ອີກ​ຝ່າຍ​ນຶ່ງ.

“ພວກ​ເຂົາ​ເຈົ້າ​ບໍ່​ມີ​ເຮືອບິນ ​ແຕ່​ວ່າ ພວກ​ເຂົາ​ເຈົ້າ ສາມາດ​ທີ່​ຈະ​ເຮັດ​ສິ່​ໃນງ​ທີ່​ຄ້າຍຄື​ກັນ​ນີ້ ເມື່ອ​ເວົ້າ​ເຖິງການ​ຫຼຸດຜ່ອນ ​ໃນ​ການ​ທ້າ​ທາຍເກາະ​ຜິດ​ຕ່າງໆຕໍ່ຝ່າຍ​ໃດໆກໍ​ຕາມ ທີ່​ຈະ​ໃຫ້​ໂອກາດ ​ໃນການ​ເຈລະຈາລະຫວ່າງ​ພັກ​ຝ່າຍ​ຕ່າງໆ​ຢູ່ໃນ​ຊີ​ເຣຍ ບໍ່​ໃຫ້​ໄດ້​ຮັບ​ຜົນ ກະທົບ ຍ້ອນ​ການ​ແຕກ​ຫັກ​ລົງ.”

The U.N.'s chief mediator for the intra-Syrian talks says he does not see any imminent breakthrough on the horizon.

On the eve of a new round of Syrian peace talks, Staffan de Mistura, the U.N. special envoy for Syria, downplayed expectations, but said that there was a "political momentum" to move ahead on efforts to end the long-standing civil war.

Syria's warring parties last met in Geneva nearly nine months ago. That round of talks broke down because of repeated violations of a cease-fire agreement.

De Mistura acknowledged that the successful resumption of the failed negotiations hinged largely on the warring parties abiding by the current cease-fire.

He said Russia, which had worked out the agreement with Turkey in Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan, was using its influence to see that the fragile cease-fire held.

"Today, the Russian Federation after the cease-fire task force did announce to everyone and every country present and to myself that they have formally requested the government of Syria to silence their own skies in the areas attached by the cease-fire during the intra-Syrian talks."

De Mistura added that he has asked other countries with influence on the opposition parties to have them stick to the cease-fire and not provoke the other side.

"They do not have airplanes but they can do something similar in terms of reducing any type of provocation on any side to give a better chance to the intra-Syrian talks not to be affected by breakdowns."

The U.N. envoy warned that there were, what he called "spoilers," who would try to provoke one side or the other to walk out of the talks or to refuse to talk.

"We will try to control it," he said. "It is time to talk and fight on the table, through the table, but not in the field."

Syria's nearly six-year-long civil war has killed around 400,000 people, displaced more than 6 million inside Syria, half of them children and prompted nearly 5 million to flee as refugees into neighboring countries. An estimated 13.5 million people need humanitarian assistance.

De Mistura said the more inclusive the talks, the better the chance of success. The envoy noted that he was unable to get the assent of the parties to include women, who make up 52 percent of the Syrian population, in the talks.

Therefore, he said, he has established a Syrian Women's Advisory Board to participate in the talks in a consultative capacity.

"The first meeting of today was with a group of seven women - Syrian women," he said. "All of them united by one fact - they're being either detainees or tortured or abducted. Or they have their mothers, daughters or wives of detainees or abducted people."

"Detainees are those by the government - thousands - and abducted are those by the opposition," he said. "We should never forget the suffering of so many Syrians on one side and the other too during this conflict."

De Mistura said he was not sure what role the United States would play in the negotiations, but understood that the new Trump administration needed time to devise a new strategy.

"They have announced that they want to revisit their strategy regarding the fight against Daesh, IS, and that by implication what they are doing in Iraq and in Syria…So, I would say let us wait for that," said de Mistura, using acronyms for Islamic State.

He noted, however, that the U.S. official who had attended previous intra-Syrian talks also would be present at this round. "So, I am convinced that they will be very supportive with whatever we try to do."

The U.N. envoy said he will be meeting with the participants Thursday morning in a series of bilateral talks to discuss how to proceed with the negotiations.

In previous rounds, the parties held indirect talks, with de Mistura shuttling from one delegation to the other. It is not clear if this system will continue or if the delegations will agree to meet face-to-face.

De Mistura said the agenda will focus on three items: the establishment of a credible, inclusive and non-sectarian governance, the drafting of a new constitution, and free and fair elections under U.N. supervision.

The envoy said he will not agree to any preconditions and fully expected the talks to be serious and substantive.

"Am I expecting a breakthrough? No, I'm not expecting a breakthrough. But, I am expecting and determined for keeping a very proactive momentum," he said.

"We have to…outpace those few but clear spoilers with the momentum on the political track, and I think we can aim at that."
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