ລິ້ງ ສຳຫລັບເຂົ້າຫາ

ວັນສຸກ, 07 ຕຸລາ 2022

​ລາຍ​ງານ​ກ່າວ​ວ່າ ການ​ໃຊ້​ຈ່າຍ​ທາງ​ດ້ານ​ທະ​ຫານ ແມ່ນ​ສູງ​ຂຶ້ນ​ເປັນ​ປະ​ຫວັດ​ການ ແບບ​ບໍ່​ເຄີຍ​ມາ​ກ່ອນ


UKRAINE-CRISIS/MARIUPOL

ການ​ໃຊ້​ຈ່າຍ​ທາງ​ດ້ານ​ທະ​ຫານ ​ໄດ້​ເພີ້ມສູງຂຶ້ນເປັນ​ປະ​ຫວັດ​ການ ​ໃນ​ປີ 2021 ທີ່​ຜ່ານ​ມານີ້ ໃນ​ຂະ​ນະ​ທີ່​ຣັດ​ເຊຍ​ຍັງ​ເສີມ​ຕໍ່​ກະ​ກຽມ​ຄວາມ​ພ້ອມ​ທາງ​ທະ​ຫານ​ຂອງ​ຕົນ ກ່ອນ​ການ​ບຸກ​ເຂົ້າ​ໄປ​ໃນ​ປະ​ເທດ​ຢູ​ເຄ​ຣນ ນັ້ນ​ຄື​ຄຳ​ເວົ້າ​ຂອງ​ພວກ​ນັກ​ຄົົ້ນ​ຄວ້າ​ທີ່​ກ່າວ​ໃນ​ວັນ​ຈັນ​ມື້ນີ້ ໂດຍ​ທຳ​ນາຍ​ວ່າ ທ່າ​ອຽງ​ດັ່ງ​ກ່າວ​ ຈະ​ດຳ​ເນີນ​ຕໍ່​ໄປ​ໂດຍ​ສະ​ເພາະ​ແລ້ວ​ ແມ່ນໃນ​ຢູ​ໂຣບ ອີງ​ຕາມ​ລາ​ຍ​ງານ​ຂອງ​ອົງ​ການ​ຂ່າວ AFP.

​ເຖິງ​ແມ່ນ​ໄດ້​ປະ​ສົບ​ກັບ​ຄວາມ​ເສຍ​ຫາຍ​ທາງ​ດ້ານ​ເສດ​ຖະ​ກິດ ຍ້ອນ​ໂຣກ​ລະ​ບາດ​ໄວ​ຣັ​ສ​ໂຄ​ໂຣ​ນາ​ກໍ​ຕາມ ແຕ່​ປະ​ເທດ​ຕ່າງໆ​ໃນ​ທົ່ວ​ໂລກ​ໄດ້​ເສີມ​ຂະ​ຫຍາຍ​ຄັງ​ອາ​ວຸດ​ຂອງ​ຕົນ ຊຶ່ງ​ການ​ໃຊ້​ຈ່າຍ​ທາງ​ດ້ານ​ທະ​ຫານ​ຂອງ​ໂລກ​ ໄດ້​ເພີ້ມ​ຂຶ້ນ 0.7 ເປີ​ເຊັນ ​ໃນ​ປີ​ກາຍນີ້ ອີງ​ຕາມ​ລາຍ​ງານ​ຂອງ​ສະ​ຖາ​ບັນ​ຄົ້ນ​ຄວ້າ​ສັນ​ຕິ​ພາບ​ລະ​ຫວ່າງ​ປະ​ເທດ​ທີ່​ນະ​ຄອນ​ສະ​ຕັອກ​ໂຮມ ທີ່​ເອີ້ນ​ຫຍໍ້​ວ່າ Sipri.

ທ່ານ Diego Lopes Da Silva ເຈົ້າ​ໜ້າ​ທີ່​ອະ​ວຸ​ໂສ​ຂອງ​ສະ​ຖາ​ບັນ Sipri ກ່າວ​ຕໍ່​ອົງ​ການ​ຂ່າວ​ຝ​ຣັ່ງ​ວ່າ “ການ​ໃຊ້​ຈ່າຍ​ທາງ​ດ້ານ​ທະ​ຫານໃນ​ປີ 2021 ​ໄດ້​ເພີ້ມ​ຂຶ້ນ​ເປັນ​ປີ​ທີເຈັດລຽນ​ຕິດ ຮອດ 2 ພັນ 1 ຮ້ອຍ​ຕື້​ໂດ​ລາ. ນັ້ນ​ແມ່ນ​ໂຕ​ເລກ​ສູງ​ສຸດ ທີ່​ພວກ​ເຮົາ​ໄດ້​ພົບ​ເຫັນ​ມາ.

ການ​ໃຊ້​ຈ່າຍ​ທາງ​ທະ​ຫານ​ຂອງ​ຣັ​ດ​ເຊຍ​ໄດ້​ເພີ້ມ​ຂຶ້ນ 2.9 ເປີ​ເຊັນ ຊຶ່ງ​ເພີ້ມ​ຂຶ້ນ​ເປັນ​ປີ​ທີສາມ​ລຽນ​ຕິດ ເປັນ 65.9 ຕື້​ໂດ​ລາ.

ການ​ໃຊ້​ຈ່າຍ​ທາງ​ດ້ານ​ທະ​ຫານ​ປະ​ກອບ​ເປັນ 4.1 ເປີ​ເຊັນ​ຂອງຍອດ​ຜະ​ລິດ​ຕະ​ພັນ​ຮວມ​ຫຼື GDP ​ຂອງ​ຣັດ​ເຊຍ ຊຶ່ງທ່ານ Lopes Da Silva ກ່າວ​ວ່າ “ສູງ ກວ່າ​ອັດ​ຕາ​ສະ​ເລ່ຍ​ຂອງ​ໂລກ​ຫຼາຍ” ແລະ​ເຮັດ​ໃຫ້​ຣັດ​ເຊຍ ເປັນ​ປະ​ເທດ​ທີ່​ມີ​ການ​ໃຊ້​ຈ່າຍ​ທາ​ງ​ດ້ານ​ທະ​ຫານ ຫຼາຍ​ເປັນ​ອັນ​ດັບຫ້າ​ຂອງ​ໂລກ.

ລາ​ຄາ​ນ້ຳ​ມັນ​ແລະ​ແກັ​ສ​ທຳ​ມະ​ຊາດ​ທີ່​ສູງ​ຂຶ້ນ ຊ່ວຍ​ໃຫ້​ຣັດ​ເຊຍ​ສາ​ມາດ​ໃຊ້​ຈ່າຍ​ທາງ​ດ້ານ​ທະ​ຫານ​ໄດ້​ຫຼາຍ​ຂຶ້ນ. ທ່ານ Lopes Da Silva ໃຫ້​ຂໍ້​ສັງ​ເກດ​ວ່າ ການ​ໃຊ້​ຈ່າຍ​ຂອງ​ຣັດ​ເຊຍ​ໄດ້​ເພີ້ມ​ຂຶ້ນ​ໃນ​ຕອນ​ໄລ​ຍະ​ທ້າຍ​ປີ.

ນັກ​ຄົ້ນ​ຄວ້າ​ເວົ້າ​ວ່າ “ນັ້ນ​ມີ​ຂຶ້ນ​ໃນ​ຂະ​ນະ​ທີ່​ຣັດ​ເຊຍ​ເຕົ້າ​ໂຮມ​ກຳ​ລັງ​ທະ​ຫານ​ຢູ່​ຕາມ​ບໍ​ລິ​ເວນ​ຊາຍ​ແດນ​ຂອງ​ຢູ​ເຄ​ຣນ ກ່ອນ​ທີ່​ຈະ​ທຳ​ການ​ຮຸກ​ຮານ​ເຂົ້າ​ໄປ​ໃນ​ປະ​ເທດ​ດັ່ງ​ກ່າວ​ເມື່ອ​ເດືອນ​ກຸມ​ພາ.”

ຣັດ​ເຊຍ​ຈະ​ສາ​ມາດ​ທຳ​ການ​ໃຊ້​ຈ່າຍທາ​ງ​ທະ​ຫານແບບ​ຍືນ​ຍົງ​ໄດ້​ຫຼື​ບໍ່​ນັ້ນ​ແມ່ນ​ຍາກ​ທີ່​ຈະ​ທຳ​ນາຍ​ໄດ້ ອີງ​ຕາມ​ຄຳ​ເວົ້າ​ຂອງ​ທ່ານ​ Lopes Da Silva ຍ້ອນ​ຄື້ນ​ຟອງ​ຂອງ​ການ​ລົງ​ໂທດ​ໂດຍ​ປະ​ເທດ​ຕາ​ເວັນ​ຕົກ ເພື່ອ​ຕອບ​ໂຕ້​ຕໍ່​ການ​ຮຸກ​ຮານ​ຂອງ​ຣັດ​ເຊຍ ເຂົ້າ​ໄປ​ໃນ​ປະ​ເທດ​ຢູ​ເຄ​ຣນ.

ໃນ​ປີ 2014 ເວ​ລາ​ຣັດ​ເຊຍ ​ປະ​ກາດ​ຮວມ​ເອົາ​ແຫຼມ​ໄຄ​ຣ​ເມຍ ​ເຂົ້າ​ເປັນ​ສ່ວນ​ນຶ່ງ​ຂອງ​ດິນ​ແດນ​ຕົ້ນ​ນັ້ນ ປະ​ເທດ​ດັງ​ກ່າວໄດ້​ຕົກ​ເປັນ​ເປົ້າ​ຂອງ​ການ​ລົງ​ໂທດ​ໃນ​ຂ​ະ​ນະ​ທີ່​ລາ​ຄາ​ພະ​ລັງ​ງານ​ຕົກ​ຕ່ຳ​ລົງ ຈຶ່ງ​ເປັນ​ການ​ຍາກ​ທີ່​ຈະ​ຊັ່ງ​ຊາ​ໄດ້​ວ່າ ການ​ລົງ​ໂທດນັ້ນມີ​ປະ​ສິດ​ທິ​ຜົນ​ຫຼາຍ​ປານ​ໃດ.

Global military spending rose again in 2021, setting new records as Russia continued to beef up its military prior to its invasion of Ukraine, researchers said Monday, predicting the trend would continue in Europe in particular.

Despite the economic fallout of the global Covid pandemic, countries around the world increased their arsenals, with global military spending rising by 0.7% last year, according to a report by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (Sipri).

"In 2021 military spending rose for the seventh consecutive time to reach $2.1 trillion. That is the highest figure we have ever had," Diego Lopes da Silva, senior researcher at Sipri, told AFP.

Russia's spending grew by 2.9% — the third year of consecutive growth — to $65.9 billion.

Defense spending accounted for 4.1% of Russia's gross domestic product (GDP), "much higher than the world average," and making Moscow the fifth largest spender in the world, Lopes da Silva said.

High oil and gas revenues helped the country boost military expenditure. Lopes da Silva noted that Russia saw a sharp uptick in spending towards the end of the year.

"That happened as Russia amassed troops alongside the Ukrainian border preceding of course the invasion of Ukraine in February," the researcher said.

Whether Russia would be able to sustain its spending was difficult to predict, Lopes da Silva said, due to the wave of sanctions imposed by the West in response to the aggression in Ukraine.

In 2014, when Russia annexed Crimea, the country was also targeted with sanctions at the same time as energy prices fell, making it difficult to gauge how effective sanctions were on their own.

"Now... we have even tougher sanctions, that's for sure, but we have higher energy prices which can help Russia afford to maintain military spending at that level," Lopes da Silva said.

On the other side, Ukraine's military spending has risen by 72% since the annexation of Crimea. While spending declined by over 8% in 2021 to $5.9 billion, it still accounted for 3.2% of Ukraine's GDP.

As tensions have increased in Europe, more NATO countries have stepped up spending.

Eight members countries last year reached the targeted 2% of GDP for spending, one fewer than the year before but up from only two in 2014, Sipri said.

Lopes da Silva said he expected spending in Europe to continue to grow.

The U.S., which far outspent any other nation with $801 billion, actually went against the global trend and decreased its spending by 1.4% in 2021.

Over the past decade, U.S. spending on research and development has risen by 24% while arms procurement has gone down by 6.4%.

While both decreased in 2021, the drop in research was not as pronounced, highlighting the country's focus "on next-generation technologies."

"The U.S. government has repeatedly stressed the need to preserve the U.S. military's technological edge over strategic competitors," Alexandra Marksteiner, another researcher at Sipri, said in a statement.

China, the world's second largest military spender at an estimated $293 billion, boosted its expenditure by 4.7%, marking the 27th straight year of increased spending.

The country's military buildup has in turn caused its regional neighbors to beef up their military budgets, with Japan adding $7 billion, an increase of 7.3% — the highest annual increase since 1972.

Australia also spent 4% more on its military, reaching $31.8 billion in 2021.

India, the world's third largest spender at $76.6 billion, also increased funding in 2021, but by a more modest 0.9%.

The U.K. took over the number four spot, with a 3% increase in military spending to $68.4 billion, replacing Saudi Arabia which instead decreased spending by 17% to an estimated $55.6 billion.

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