ລິ້ງ ສຳຫລັບເຂົ້າຫາ

ວັນສຸກ, 07 ຕຸລາ 2022

ຄວາມ​ຢ້ານ​ກົວ​ຂອງ​ແມ່​ຍິງ​ປາ​ກິ​ສ​ຖານ ​ເພີ້ມ​ສູງ​ຂຶ້ນ ກ່ອນ​ການຈັດໂຮມ​ຊຸມ​ນຸມ ເພື່ອ​ຮຽກ​ຮ້ອງເອົາ​ສິດ​ທິ​​ແມ່​ຍິງໃນ​ວັນ ​ແມ່​ຍິງ​ສາ​ກົນ​ປີນີ້


ຕຳ​ຫລວດແມ່​ຍິງປາ​ກິ​ສ​ຖານ​ (ຂວາ) ໄປ​ຍາມການ​ເດີນ​ຂະ​ບວນ​ປະ​ທ້ວງເພື່ອ​ຮຽກ​ຮ້ອງ​ສິດ​ທິ​ຂອງ​ແມ່​ຍິງໃນ​ວັນ​ແມ່ນ​ຍິງ​ສາ​ກົນ ທີ່​ຈັດ​ຂຶ້ນ​ໃນ​ວັນ​ທີ 8 ມີ​ນາ 2020 ທີ່​ນະ​ຄອນ​ກາ​ຣາ​ຈີ. (ພາບ​ໂດຍby Rizwan TABASSUM / AFP)

ແມ່ຍິງຫຼາຍພັນຄົນຈະພາກັນເດີນຂະບວນໃນເມືອງຕ່າງໆ ຢູ່ທົ່ວປະເທດປາກິສ ຖານໃນວັນອັງຄານມື້ອື່ນ ເພື່ອສະເຫຼີມສະຫຼອງວັນແມ່ຍິງສາກົນແລະຮຽກຮ້ອງ ໃຫ້ມີສິດທິຫລາຍຂຶ້ນ ໃນສັງຄົມທີ່​ມີ​ຫົວອະນຸລັກນິຍົມສູງ ແລະຄອບງຳ ໂດຍຜູ້ຊາຍ. ພວກເຂົາເຈົ້າກໍາລັງດໍາເນີນການດັ່ງກ່າວພາຍໃຕ້ ຄໍາຂວັນ, "ຮ່າງກາຍຂອງຂ້ອຍ, ສິດທິຂອງຂ້ອຍ," ຊຶ່ງຫມາຍຄວາມວ່າ ເສລີພາບໃນການຕັດສິນໃຈກ່ຽວກັບເລື້ອງຕ່າງໆເຊັ່ນ: ການແຕ່ງງານ, ການຮ່ວມເພດ, ການ​ສືບພັນ ແລະການເລືອກທີ່​ຈະນຸ່ງແບບ​ໃດໃນປະເທດ ທີ່ຊາວມຸສລິມເປັນ​ຊົນສ່ວນໃຫຍ່ແຫ່ງນັ້ນ.

ນັກເຄື່ອນໄຫວແມ່ຍິງຊາວປາ​ນິສຖານຍັງໃຊ້ໂອກາດດັ່ງກ່າວ ເພື່ອດຶງດູດເອົາ ຄວາມສົນໃຈໃນ​ການສົ່ງເສີມຄວາມສະເໝີພາບລະຫວ່າງຍິງ-ຊາຍ, ເພີ່ມຄວາມ ກົດດັນຕໍ່ລັດຖະບານບັງຄັບໃຊ້ກົດໝາຍການລ່ວງລະເມີດພາຍໃນຄອບຄົວ, ແລະຮຽກຮ້ອງໃຫ້​ມີການປົກປ້ອງຈາກການຂົ່ມຂືນ, ໂດຍກ່າວວ່າ ຫຼາຍໆກໍລະນີ ຂອງການຂົ່ມຂືນ ແລະການຂົ່ມເຫັງແມ່ນບໍ່ໄດ້ລາຍງານ.

ການ​ໂຮມ​ຊຸມ​ນຸມ​ຈະ​ດຳ​ເນີນ​ໄປ​ພາຍ​ໃຕ້​ຄວາມ​ຫວາດ​ກົວ​ວ່າ​ຈະ​ມີ​ການ​ໃຊ້​ຄວາມ​ຮຸນ​ແຮງ ​ແລະ​ການ​ຄັດ​ຄ້ານ​ຈາກ​ເຈົ້າ​ໜ້າ​ທີ່​ສາ​ສະ​ໜາ.

ທ່ານ​ນາງ​ຕາ​ຮີ​ຣາ ອັບ​ດູ​ລ​ລາ (Tahira Abdullah) ​ແລະຮູ​ດາ ບູກ​ຄາ​ຣີ (Huda Bukhari) ຜູ້​ຈັດ​ຕັ້ງ​ການ​ເດີນ​ຂະ​ບວນ​ຂອງ​ແມ່ຍິງ​ໃນ​ນະຄອນຫລວງ ອິ​ສ​ລາ​ມາ​ບັດ ກ່າວ​ຕໍ່ວີ​ໂອ​ເອວ່າ ອຳນາດ​ການ​ປົກຄອງ​ທ້ອງ​ຖິ່ນ​ຍັງ​ບໍ່​ທັນ​ໄດ້​ໃຫ້ການ​ອະນຸຍາດ​ແກ່​ເຂົາ​ເຈົ້າໃນ​ການ​ຈັດ​ການ​ໂຮມ​ຊຸມນຸມ​ຢ່າງ​ເປັນ​ທາງ​ການ​ຢູ່​ໃນ​ນະຄອນຫຼວງ​ທີ່​ຮັ່ງມີ​ຂອງ​ປະ​ເທດແຫ່ງນັ້ນ​ເທື່ອ. ພວກ​ແມ່ຍິງ​ຍັງ​ກ່າວ​ວ່າ ພວກ​ເຂົາ​ເຈົ້າ​ໄດ້​ຮັບ​ຈົດໝາຍ ​ແລະ​ໂທລະສັບມາ​ຂົ່ມຂູ່ຢ່າງຖ້ວມ​ລົ້ນ​ກ່ອນ​ການ​ປະ​ທ້ວງ​ໃນ​ວັນ​ທີ 8 ມີນາ​ນີ້.

​ໃນ​ຂະນະ​ດຽວ​ກັນ, ລັດ​ຖະ​ມົນ​ຕີກະ​ຊວງ​ສາ​ສະ​ໜາ​ໃນ​ລັດ​ຖະ​ບານ​ນາ​ຍົກ​ລັດ​ຖະ​ມົນ​ຕີອີມ​ຣານ ຄານ (Imran Khan) ໄດ້​ຄັດ​ຄ້ານ​ການ​ໂຮມ​ຊຸມ​ນຸມດັ່ງ​ກ່າວ.

ທ່ານ​ນົວ-ອູ​ລ-ຮັກ ກາດ​ຣີ (Noor-ul-Haq Qadri), ສະມາຊິກ​ທີ່ໄດ້​ຮັບ​ການ​ເລືອກ​ຕັ້ງ​ຂອງ​ພັກເທ​ຣີກ-ອີ-ອິ​ນ​ຊັ​ຟ (Tehreek-e-Insaf) ຫລື PTI ທີ່​ເປັນ​ພັກປາ​ກິ​ສຖານ​ທີ່ໃຫຍ່​ຂອງທ່ານ​ຄານນັ້ນ ​ໄດ້​ສະ​ເໜີ​ຢູ່ໃນ​ຈົດໝາຍທີ່​ຍື່ນ​ເຖິງ​ນາ ຍົກລັດຖະມົນຕີວ່າ ​ໃຫ້​ວັນ​ອັງຄານ​ມື້​ອື່ນນີ້​ ເປັນ​ວັນແຫ່ງ​ຜ້າ​ຄຸມ​ຫົວ​ຂອງ​ແມ່​ຍິງ ​ມຸ​ສ​ລິມ ຫລື Hijab ສາກົນ​ແທນ.

ອ່ານ​ຂ່າວນີ້​ເປັນ​ພາ​ສາ​ອັງ​ກິດ:

Thousands of women are set to march in cities across Pakistan on Tuesday to mark International Women’s Day and demand greater rights in the highly conservative, male-dominated society. They are doing so under the slogan, “My body, my right,” meaning freedom in decision-making about subjects like marriage, sex, reproductive health and clothing choices in the Muslim-majority country.

Pakistani women activists also use the occasion to draw attention to promote gender equality, increase pressure on the government to enforce domestic abuse legislation, and demand protections from rape, saying many incidences of rape and harassment go unreported.

The rallies will be taking place under the specter of violence and opposition from religious officials.

Tahira Abdullah and Huda Bukhari, organizers of the women's march in Islamabad, told VOA that the local administration had not yet given them formal permission to stage rallies in the country's affluent capital. The women also say they have received a deluge of threatening letters and phone calls ahead of the March 8 protests.

Separately, the federal minister for religious affairs in Prime Minister Imran Khan’s government has voiced opposition to the rallies.

Noor-ul-Haq Qadri, an elected member of Khan's mainstream Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) party, suggested in a letter to the prime minister that Tuesday be commemorated instead as International Hijab Day.

The federal minister told Khan that no group should be allowed to ridicule Islamic values, societal norms, hijab, or modesty under the banner of Aurat (woman) or any other title, with acts he says hurt the sentiments of Muslims in the country.

Prime Minister Khan has yet to respond to his minister's suggestion.

The religious minister's suggestion to the prime minister bolstered a pro-Taliban religious-political organization, Jamiat-e-Ulama-e-Islam, Fazal (JUI-F), which issued a warning to would-be marchers.

"If the march was allowed, we will use [a] baton to stop it," the party's hardliner patron, based in Islamabad, warned the government. So far, however, neither the Taliban nor other radical groups in Pakistan have organized an anti-women march, officials say.

In a tweet, @AuratMarch, a verified Twitter handle belonging to women’s rights activists in Pakistan, reiterated to the minister what women will ask for on March 8.

[[INSERT TWEET HERE: https://twitter.com/auratmarch/status/1494698539804512258?s=21 ]]

“We ask the Minister for Religious Affairs why he voted against the minimum age of marriage bill in 2019 and the anti-enforced conversion bill in 2020 and 2021?” the tweet read.

Minorities and women activists in Pakistan opposed the contentious legislation, fearing that it would legalize underage marriages and forced conversion of non-Muslims.

At least two federal ministers have implied that they disagree with Qadri’s point of view. Shireen Mazari, the federal minister for human rights, tweeted a summary of an interview she held with a local television station.

[[ https://twitter.com/shireenmazari1/status/1494694919717507085?s=21 ]]

“On Women’s International Day, whoever wants to have a woman march or Hijab march, they should go for it. No one has the right to stop a democratic march,” her tweet read.

That message was reinforced by Information Minister Fawad Chaudhry, who told a private television station that there was no reason to prohibit a march so long as there was no violence.

Women’s concerns

The objection to the march by the religious affairs minister sparked outrage among Pakistani women's rights advocates. According to a working female attorney, Mehwish Muhib Kakakhel, the Pakistani religious affairs ministry cannot change the status of the U.N.-declared day, and therefore violates women's fundamental rights.

Kakakhel told VOA, “Article 16 of the Constitution of Pakistan allows freedom of assembly and the letter by a federal minister is a clear violation of the constitution and an attempt to usurp women rights.”

Around five attorneys filed lawsuits against the women marchers during the Women’s March in 2021, accusing them of using "derogatory" words against religious authorities.

Some of the opponents of the women’s march allegedly doctored slogans of the female marchers last year. The organizers later issued a clarification that fake videos were distributed on social media platforms to defame their struggle for rights.

Women in support of the march are occasionally confronted with a countermarch by female students from madrassas, or religious schools. In 2020, female and male Madrassa students in Islamabad threw stones and shoes at those who took part in rallies.

ທ່ານອາດຈະມັກເລື້ອງນີ້ຄືກັນ

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