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ນັກ​ຊ່ຽວ​ຊານ ​ດ້ານ​​ໂຣກ​ເອດ​ສ໌ ຖືກ​ແຕ່ງ​ຕັ້ງ​ ໃຫ້ເຂົ້າ​ຮ່ວມ​ການດຳ​ເນີນ​ງານ ຕ້ານ​ເຊື້ອໄວ​ຣັ​ສ​ໂຄ​ໂຣ​ນາ


ທ.ນ. Deborah Birx ​ຜູ້​ປະ​ສານ​ງານສາ​ກົນ ໃນ​ການ​ຕ້ານໂຣກ​ເອດ​ສ໌ ກ່າວຄຳ​ປາ​ໄສ​ຢູ່​ທຳ​ນຽບ​ຂາວ ໃນ​ງານ​ວັນ​ແຫ່ງ​ໂຣກ​ເອດ​ສ໌ ​ຂອງ​ໂລກ ໃນ​ວັນ​ທີ 29 ພະ​ຈິກ 2018.

ຮອງ​ປະ​ທາ​ນາ​ທິ​ບໍ​ດີ ໄມ​ຄ໌ ເພັນ​ສ໌ ​ໃນ​ວັນ​ພະ​ຫັດ​ວານນີ້ ໄດ້​ແຕ່ງ​ຕັ້ງທ່ານ​ນາງ ເດັບ​ບີ ເບີກ​ສ໌ (Debbie Birx), ນັກຊ່ຽວ​ຊານ​ດ້ານ​ສາ​ທາ​ລະ​ນະ​ສຸກສາ​ກົນ​ໃຫ້​ເປັນ​ຜູ້​ປະ​ສານ​ງານໃນ​ການ​ຮັບ​ມື​ກັບ​ເຊື້ອໄວ​ຣັ​ສ​ໂຄ​ໂຣ​ນາຂອງ​ທຳ​ນຽບ​ຂາວ ຊຶ່ງ​ເພີ້ມຄວາມ​ຊຳ​ນາ​ນ​ໃໝ່ ​ໃຫ້ແກ່​ການ​ດຳ​ເນີນ​ຄວາມ​ພະ​ຍາ​ຍາມ​ຂອງ​ລັດ​ຖະ​ບານ​ໃນ​ການ​ຕ້ານ​ກັບ​ການ​ແຜ່​ຜາຍການ​ເຈັບ​ປ່ວຍ​ຍ້ອນພະ​ຍາດນີ້ ຢູ່​ໃນ​ປະ​ເທດ.

ທ່ານ​ນາງ ເບີກ​ສ໌ ເປັນ​ນັກວິ​ຊາ​ການດ້ານ​ການ​ແພດ ແລະ​ເປັນ​ທູດ​ກິ​ຕິ​ມະ​ສັກ​ຂອງ​ສະ​ຫະ​ລັດ ຢູ່​ໃນ​ກະ​ຊວງ​ການ​ຕ່າງ​ປະ​ເທດ​ ທີ່​ເປັນ​ຜູ້​ນຳ​ພາ​ການ​ດຳ​ເນີນ​ຄວາມ​ພະ​ຍາ​ຍາມ​ໃນ​ການ​ຕໍ່​ຕ້ານ​ກັບ​ການ​ແຜ່​ຜາຍ​ຂອງ​ເຊື້ອ​ເອ​ສ​ໄອ​ວີ (HIV) ຫລືໂຣກ ເອດ​ສ໌ (AIDS) ຢູ່​ໃນ​ໂລກ ​ໃນ​ປັດ​ຈຸ​ບັນ​ນີ້.

ທ່ານ​ນາງ​ຈະ​ລາຍ​ງານ​ຕໍ່​ທ່ານ ເພັ​ນ​ສ໌ (Pence) ຜູ້ທີ່​ຖືກ​ແຕ່ງ​ຕັ້ງ​ໂດຍປະ​ທາ​ນາ​ທິ​ບໍ​ດີ ດໍ​ໂນ​ລ ທ​ຣຳ ໃນ​ວັນ​ພຸດ​ຜ່ານ​ມາ ​ໃຫ້​ຮັບ​ຜິດ​ຊອບໃນ​ການ​ຮັບ​ມື ຂອງ ລັດ​ຖະ​ບານ​ສະ​ຫະ​ລັດ​ຕໍ່ວິ​ກິດ​ການ​ດ້ານ​ສາ​ທາ​ລະ​ນະ​ສຸກລະ​ດັບ​ໂລກ ແລະ​ເຂົ້າ​ຮ່ວມ​ໜ່ວຍ​ງານ​ສະ​ເພາະ​ກິດສຳ​ລັບເຊື້ອໄວຣັສໂຄໂຣນາ ທີ່​ນຳ​ພາ​ໂດຍລັດ​ຖະ​ມົນ​ຕີ​ກະ​ຊວງ​ສາ​ທາ​ລະ​ນະ​ສຸກ ແລະບໍ​ລິ​ການປະ​ຊາ​ຊົນ, ທ່ານ ອາ​ເລັກ​ຊ໌ ອາ​ຊາ (Alex Azar). ທ່ານ​ນາງ​ເບີກ​ສ໌ (Birx) ມີ​ອາ​ຊີບເປັນ​ພະ​ນັກ​ງານ​ລັດ​ຖະ​ບານທີ່​ຖືກ​ແຕ່ງ​ຕັ້ງ​ໃຫ້ກຳ​ຕຳ​ແໜ່ງ​ດູ​ແລ​ເລື້ອງ​ໂຣກ​ເອດ​ສ໌ (AIDS) ໂດຍ​ອະ​ດີດ​ປະ​ທາ​ນາ​ທິ​ບໍ​ດີ ບາ​ຣັກ ໂອ​ບາ​ມາ ທີ່​ເປັນ​ສັດ​ຕູ​ທາງ​ການ​ເມືອງ​ຂອງ​ທ່ານ​ທ​ຣຳ​ນັ້ນ.

ຢູ່​ໃນ​ຖະ​ແຫລງ​ການ​ສະ​ບັບ​ນຶ່ງ, ທ່ານເພັນ​ສ໌ ໃຫ້​ຄຳ​ເຫັນ​ກ່ຽວ​ກັບທ່ານ​ນາງເບີກ​ສ໌ ວ່າເປັນ "ນັກ​ວິ​ທະ​ຍາ​ສາດ, ແລະເປັນ​ແມ່ທີ່​ມີ​ຄວາມ​ຊ່ຽວ​ຊານ​ດ້ານ​ສາ​ທາ​ລະ​ນະ​ສຸກ, ລວມທັງພວກພະ​ຍາດທີ່ສາ​ມາດ​ແຜ່ເຊື້ອໄດ້​ສູງທັງຫລາຍ, ຢາ​ວັກ​ຊິນປ້ອງ​ກັນ​ພະ​ຍາດ​ເຫລົ່າ​ນັ້ນ ແລະ​ການ​ປະ​ສານ​ງານ​ລະ​ຫວ່າງອົງ​ການ​ຕ່າງໆ ​ມາ​ໄດ້​ສາມ​ທົດ​ສະ​ວັດແລ້ວ. ທ່ານ​ນາງໃຊ້​ວິ​ທະ​ຍາ​ສາດ​ທີ່​ດີ​ທີ່​ສຸດເພື່ອ​ປ່ຽນ​ແປງ​ລະ​ດັບ ການແຜ່​ລະ​ບາດ​ໃຫຍ່​ຂອງ​ເຊື້ອ​ເອັ​ສ​ໄອ​ວີ (HIV) ແລະເຮັດ​ໃຫ້​ເຫດ​ການ​ແຜ່​ລະ​ບາດ​ໃຫຍ່ຫລຸດ​ລົງ​ມາ​ຢູ່​ໃນ​ລະ​ດັບ​ທີ່​ສາ​ມາດ​ຄວບ​ຄຸມ​ໄດ້ ຢູ່​ໃນ​ປະ​ຊາ​ຄົມນີ້ ຫາ​ປະ​ຊາ​ຄົມ​ນັ້ນ, ແລະ ຢູ່​ໃນປະ​ເທດນີ້ ແລ້ວ​ກໍ​ປະ​ເທດນັ້ນ."

ທ່ານຮອງ​ປະ​ທາ​ນາ​ທິ​ບໍ​ດີກ່າວ​ເພີ້ມ​ອີກວ່າ “ລັດ​ຖະ​ບານ​ສາມ​ຊຸດ​ແຕກ​ຕ່າງ​ກັນຢູ່​ໃນ​ທັງ​ສ​ອງ​ພັກ​ ລ້ວນ​ແຕ່​ກາງ​ຕໍ່​ຄວາມ​ຮູ້ ແລະ​ການ​ພິ​ນິ​ດ​ພິ​ຈາ​ລະ​ນາຂອງ​ທ່ານ​ນາງ."

ການ​ແຕ່ງ​ຕັ້ງ​ດັ່ງ​ກ່າວ​ມີ​ຂຶ້ນ​ນຶ່ງມື້​ພາຍ​ຫລັງ​ທີ່​ທ່ານ​ທ​ຣຳ ບໍ່​ໄດ້​ໃຫ້​ຄວາມ​ສຳ​ຄັນ​ຕໍ່ ບັນ​ຫາເຊື້ອໄວຣັສໂຄໂຣນາ ຢູ່​ໃນ​ສະ​ຫະ​ລັດ ເຖິງ​ແມ່ນ​ວ່າ​ບັນ​ດາ​ເຈົ້າ​ໜ້າ​ທີ່​ທາງ​ການ​ແພດ​ຂອງ​ລັດ​ຖະ​ບານ​ຈະ​ເວົ້າ​ວ່າ ຄຳ​ຖາມບໍ່​ແມ່ນ​ວ່າ ເຊື້ອ​ໄວ​ຣັ​ສ​ນັ້ນ​ຈະ​ແຜ່​ຜາຍ​ເຂົ້າ​ມາໃນ​ສະ​ຫະ​ລັດ​ຫລືບໍ່ ແຕ່​ມັນເປັນ​ຄຳ​ຖາມ​ທີ່​ຖາມ​ວ່າ ຕອນ​ໃດ ແລະ​ຄົນ​ຈະ​ຖືກ​ຕິດ​ເຊື້ອ ​ໃນ​ລະ​ດັບ​ຮ້າຍ​ແຮງປານ​ໃດ​ເທົ່າ​ນັ້ນ.

ທ່ານ​ທ​ຣຳ​ກ່າວ​ຕໍ່​ພວກ​ນັກ​ຂ່າວ​ທີ່​ທຳ​ນຽບ​ຂາວ​ວ່າ “ຂ້າ​ພະ​ເຈົ້າ​ບໍ່​ຄິດ​ດອກວ່າ ມັນ​ຈະ​ເປັນສິ່ງ​ທີ່​ຫລີກບໍ່​ໄດ້.” ທ່ານ​ກ່າວ​ອີກວ່າ "ມັນ​ອາດ​ຈະ​ເປັນ​ສິ່ງ​ຫລີກ​ລ້ຽງ​ໄດ້. ມັນ​ອາດ​ຈະ​ຫລີກ​ລ້ຽງ​ໄດ້. ມັນ​ອາດ​ຈະຢູ່​ໃນ​ລະ​ດັບ​ນ້ອຍໆ ຫລື ອາດຈະ​ຢູ່​ໃນ​ລະ​ດັບ​ໃຫຍ່. ບໍ່​ວ່າ​ຈະ​ມີ​ຫຍັງ​ເກີດ​ຂຶ້ນກໍ​ຕາມ ພວກ​ເຮົາ​ແມ່ນ​ກຽມ​ພ້ອມດີ​ຢູ່​ແລ້ວ."

ທ່ານ​ກ່າວ​ຕໍ່​ໄປ​ວ່າ "ລະ​ດັບຄ​ວາມ​ສ່ຽງ​ໄພ​ຕໍ່​ຄົນ​ອາ​ເມ​ຣິ​ກັນ​ແມ່ນ​ຕ່ຳ​ຫລາຍ.”

ອ່ານ​ຂ່າວນີ້​ເພີ້ມ​ເປັນ​ພາ​ສາ​ອັງ​ກິດຢູ່​ລຸ່ມນີ້

U.S. Vice President Mike Pence on Thursday named Debbie Birx, an international health expert, to be the White House coronavirus response coordinator, lending new expertise to the government's effort to combat the spread of the illness in the country.

Birx is a physician and as a U.S. ambassador-at-large in the State Department currently heads the government's effort to combat the global spread of HIV/AIDS.

She will report to Pence, named by President Donald Trump on Wednesday to oversee the U.S. government response to the global health crisis, and join the coronavirus task force led by Health and Human Services secretary Alex Azar. Birx is a career government official who was nominated to the AIDS portfolio by former President Barack Obama, a Trump political foe.

In a statement, Pence described Birx as a "scientist, physician, and mom, with three decades of public health expertise, including virulent diseases, their vaccines, and inter-agency coordination. She has been utilizing the best science to change the course of the HIV pandemic and bring the pandemic under control, community by community and country by country."

The vice president added, "Three different administrations across both political parties have relied on her knowledge and judgment."

US numbers

The appointment came a day after Trump downplayed coronavirus concerns in the U.S. even as government health officials say that the question is not whether the virus will spread into the U.S. but when and how many people will be severely affected.

"I don't think it's inevitable," Trump told reporters at the White House. "It probably will. It possibly will. It could be at a very small level or could be at a larger level. Whatever happens, we're totally prepared."

He added that "the risk to the American people remains very low."

Trump's comments came after officials from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention warned Tuesday of the inevitability of the spread of the virus into the U.S.

So far, there are 60 total cases in the United States. Three are people who had been in Wuhan, China, the center of the outbreak, while 42 were brought back to the United States after being on board a cruise ship where hundreds of people became sick as it sat in quarantine off Japan.

Health officials are concerned about what they call "community spread," or instances of people being infected without knowing how or where.

The CDC reported Wednesday one such possible case, with a positive test for the virus in a person in California who reportedly did not have a history of travel to areas where the virus is spreading or to another known infected patient.

Containment efforts

Dr. Anthony Fauci, who leads the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said at the White House news conference that while work to develop a vaccine for the coronavirus is ongoing, the process of testing to make sure it works and is safe will take months to a year to complete. That means a vaccine could be effective if there is another outbreak in a year, but for this one, Fauci said public health measures are the way to contain it.

Dr. Anne Schuchat, the principal deputy director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said containment efforts have thus far been working in the United States, but that the agency expects more cases and that it is a good time for the American public to prepare.

"The coronavirus that we're talking about is a respiratory virus," she said. "It's spread in a similar way to the common cold or to influenza. It's spread through coughs and sneezes, so those everyday, sensible measures that we tell people to do with the flu are important here — covering your cough, staying home when you're sick, and washing your hands."

Trump lauded his administration's decision to restrict entry to non-U.S. citizens traveling from China as a measure that has helped keep U.S. exposure low. When asked if he would do the same for Italy and South Korea, two of the hardest-hit areas outside of China, Trump said he may take that step but that now is not the right time.

The president has asked Congress for $2.5 billion to meet the coronavirus challenge. Earlier Wednesday, Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer proposed $8.5 billion for the effort after criticizing Trump's request as too little, too late to meet the challenge.

Opposition Democrats criticized Trump's choice of Pence to head the government's effort fighting coronavirus. They pointed to Pence's time as governor of Indiana in 2015 when the state faced a surge in HIV cases and state law at the time prohibited needle exchanges, a policy that health experts said exacerbated the outbreak. Pence, who opposed the exchanges, eventually signed a new law allowing them in some cases.

ທ່ານອາດຈະມັກເລື້ອງນີ້ຄືກັນ

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