ລິ້ງ ສຳຫລັບເຂົ້າຫາ

ວັນພະຫັດ, ໑໘ ເມສາ ໒໐໒໔

ຕາເວັນຕົກ ແລະ ຣັດເຊຍ ໂຕ້ແຍ້ງກັນກ່ຽວກັບ ຂໍ້ຕົກລົງດ້ານອາຫານປະ​ເພດເມັດທະເລດຳ ທີ່​ພວມ​ຕົກ​ຢູ່​ໃນອັນຕະລາຍ


ແຟ້ມພາບ - ກຳປັ່ນບັນທຸກສິນຄ້າຫຼາຍລຳ ພວມລໍຖ້າການກວດກາ ພາຍໃຕ້ຂໍ້ຕົກລົງ ໂຄງການລິເລີ້ມ ອາຫານເມັດທະເລດຳ (Black Sea Grain Initiative), ທີ່ໄດ້ໄກ່ເກ່ຍໂດຍ ອົງການສະຫະປະຊາຊາດ ແລະ ເທີກີ, ຢູ່ໃນເຂດວາງສະໝໍທາງພາກໃຕ້ຂອງ ທ່າເຮືອບອສໂຟຣັສ ໃນນະຄອນອິສຕານບູລ, ປະເທດເທີກີ, ວັນທີ 11 ທັນວາ 2022.
ແຟ້ມພາບ - ກຳປັ່ນບັນທຸກສິນຄ້າຫຼາຍລຳ ພວມລໍຖ້າການກວດກາ ພາຍໃຕ້ຂໍ້ຕົກລົງ ໂຄງການລິເລີ້ມ ອາຫານເມັດທະເລດຳ (Black Sea Grain Initiative), ທີ່ໄດ້ໄກ່ເກ່ຍໂດຍ ອົງການສະຫະປະຊາຊາດ ແລະ ເທີກີ, ຢູ່ໃນເຂດວາງສະໝໍທາງພາກໃຕ້ຂອງ ທ່າເຮືອບອສໂຟຣັສ ໃນນະຄອນອິສຕານບູລ, ປະເທດເທີກີ, ວັນທີ 11 ທັນວາ 2022.

ເລຂາທິການໃຫຍ່ສະຫະປະຊາຊາດ ທ່ານແອນໂຕນີໂອ ກູເຕເຣັສ ໄດ້ສະເໜີ “ທາງໄປໜ້າ” ຂອງຂໍ້ຕົກລົງດ້ານອາຫານເມັດທະເລດຳ ຕໍ່ທ່ານ ວລາດີເມຍ ປູຕິນ ປະທານາທິບໍດີຂອງຣັດເຊຍ.

ທ່ານກູເຕເຣັສ ໄດ້ໃຫ້ລາຍລະອຽດຂອງຂໍ້ສະເໜີທ່ານ ໃນໜັງສືສະບັບນຶ່ງທີ່ສົ່ງໄປໃຫ້ປະທານາທິບໍດີຂອງຣັດເຊຍ ກ່ຽວກັບເລື້ອງ “ການປັບປຸງ, ການເລື່ອນເວລາອອກ ແລະການຂະຫຍາຍຂອບເຂດ” ຂອງຂໍ້ຕົກລົງດ້ານອາຫານເມັດ ທີ່ຈະອະນຸຍາດການສົ່ງອອກອາຫານເມັດຂອງຢູເຄຣນ ຜ່ານທະເລດຳຢ່າງປອດໄພ ອີງຕາມໂຄສົກຂອງສະຫະປະຊາຊາດ ທີ່ໄດ້ກ່າວໃນວັນຈັນວານນີ້ ຫຼັງຈາກທ່ານກູເຕເຣັສ ແລະທ່ານເຊີເກ ຣາວ໌ຣັອບ ລັດຖະມົນຕີການຕ່າງປະເທດຂອງ ຣັດເຊຍ ໄດ້ພົບປະກັນໃນນະຄອນນິວຢອກ.

ສ່ວນໂຄສົກກະຊວງການຕ່າງປະເທດຂອງຣັດເຊຍ ທ່ານນາງ ມາເຣຍ ຊາກາໂຣວາ ໄດ້ກ່າວໃນວັນຈັນວານນີ້ ວ່າ ຂໍ້ຕົກລົງລະຫວ່າງ ມົສກູ ແລະອົງການສະຫະປະຊາຊາດ ກ່ຽວກັບການສົ່ງອອກ ອາຫານເມັດ ແລະປຸຍຂອງຣັດເຊຍ ແມ່ນຍັງບໍ່ທັນໄດ້ປະຕິບັດເທື່ອ ແລະມີ “ລາຍລະອຽດຫຼວງຫຼາຍ” ທີ່ຈະໄດ້ປຶກສາຫາລືກັນ ໂດຍ ທ່ານເຊີເກ ຣາວຣັອບ ລັດຖະມົນຕີການຕ່າງ ປະເທດຂອງຣັດເຊຍ ແລະ ເລຂາທິການໃຫຍ່ ທ່ານກູເຕເຣັສ.

ວັງເຄຣມລິນ ໄດ້ບົ່ງບອກວ່າ ຕົນຈະບໍ່ອະນຸຍາດໃຫ້ຂໍ້ຕົກລົງ ທີ່ໄກ່ເກ່ຍໂດຍສະຫະປະຊາຊາດ ແລະເທີກີ ເມື່ອປີກາຍນີ້ ດຳເນີນຕໍ່ໄປ ກາຍວັນທີ 18 ພຶດສະພາ ເວັ້ນເສຍແຕ່ວ່າ ເງື່ອນໄຂຕ່າງໆຂອງຣັດເຊຍ ກ່ຽວກັບການສົ່ງອອກອາຫານເມັດແລະປຸຍ ຂອງຕົນເອງນັ້ນ ໄດ້ຖືກປະຕິບັດ.

U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has proposed a "way forward" of the Black Sea Grain Initiative to Russian President Vladimir Putin.

Guterres outlined his proposal in a letter to the Russian president on "the improvement, extension and expansion" of a grain deal that would allow the safe Black Sea export of Ukrainian grain, a U.N. spokesperson said on Monday after Guterres and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov met in New York.

Russia's Foreign Ministry spokesperson Maria Zakharova said Monday that an agreement between Moscow and the United Nations on Russia's grain and fertilizer exports is not being fulfilled and there are "lots of details" to be discussed by Lavrov and Guterres.

United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres speaks as Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov looks on durind a meeting of the U.N. Security Council at U.N. headquarters in New York, April 24, 2023.
United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres speaks as Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov looks on durind a meeting of the U.N. Security Council at U.N. headquarters in New York, April 24, 2023.

The Kremlin has indicated it will not allow the deal—brokered by the U.N. and Turkey last year—to continue beyond May 18 unless Russia's terms on its own grain and fertilizer exports are met.

The European Union and Japan have pushed back against a U.S. proposal for G-7 countries to ban all exports to Russia, the Financial Times reported Monday.

Lavrov did not answer questions on his way in or out of the 90-minute meeting with Guterres. "Don't shout at me," he told reporters.

During the Security Council meeting Monday, Guterres said that Russia's invasion of Ukraine is "causing massive suffering and devastation to Ukraine and its people" and contributing to "global economic dislocation triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic."

"Tensions between major powers are at a historic high. So are the risks of conflict, through misadventure or miscalculation," he remarked.

Sitting next to the U.N. chief, Lavrov warned the council that the world is now in a more dangerous situation than even during the Cold War. "As during the Cold War, we have reached the dangerous, possibly even more dangerous, threshold," Lavrov said during the session on “Maintenance of International Peace and Security” that he was chairing.

Russia holds the monthly rotating presidency of the 15-member body for April.

Estonia-Ukraine NATO, EU membership

Estonian Prime Minister Kaja Kallas on Monday expressed support for Ukraine's petition for membership into NATO and the EU "as soon as conditions allow." Kallas made these comments during her meeting with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy in the northwestern Ukrainian city of Zhytomyr and signed a joint declaration with the Ukrainian president condemning Russia's invasion of Ukraine.

In his nightly video address, Zelenskyy thanked the Estonian prime minister. "I am grateful to Ms. Prime Minister and the entire Estonian people for their clear and unwavering support of our movement to the European Union and NATO—the relevant points on the Alliance are included in the declaration," he said.

At a European Union meeting Monday in Luxemburg, Finland pressed EU members to accelerate the acquisition of ammunition for Ukraine.

Responding to Finnish Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto, EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell expressed confidence the EU Commission will finalize the remaining details on the ammunition acquisition. He said that despite some disagreements among the EU members, he was sure that "everybody will understand we are in a situation of extreme urgency."

After Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba addressed the meeting by video, Borrell said the best way to stop the war is for Russia to stop fighting and withdraw from Ukrainian territory.

“Until then, we will continue to ensure Ukraine has the capacity to defend itself from the Russian aggression,” Borrell said.


Kuleba expressed frustration last week that the agreement reached by EU members in March to jointly buy artillery ammunition for Ukraine and boost European ammunition production had not yet been implemented.

China on Ukraine sovereignty

In other news, China announced Monday that it “respects former Soviet countries as sovereign states [and] that common sense dictates Ukraine is sovereign because it’s a member of the United Nations.” The statement by China’s foreign ministry spokeswoman, Mao Ning, came as a response to comments by the Chinese ambassador to France, Lu Shaye last Friday. Lu said that Crimea was historically part of Russia, offered to Ukraine by former Soviet President Nikita Khrushchev in 1954.

"These ex-USSR countries don't have actual status in international law because there is no international agreement to materialize their sovereign status," Lu said in a French TV interview, causing consternation among EU member states and Ukraine.

Beijing has distanced itself from Lu’s comments. A statement by the Chinese embassy in Paris said the ambassador’s comments on Ukraine "were not a political declaration but an expression of his personal views.”

Suspicious letters

Meanwhile, a letter containing an unknown substance was sent to the French Embassy in Moscow on Monday, the TASS news agency said on Monday, citing law enforcement.

"Employees of the French Embassy received a letter with an unknown substance inside on Monday evening. Law enforcers are currently working at the scene," TASS quoted a source as saying.

The French foreign ministry did not comment on the report.

Earlier in April, Russian media reported that Finland's embassy in Moscow received three suspicious letters, one of which contained an unknown powder, Reuters reports.

Some material in this report came from The Associated Press, Agence France-Presse and Reuters.

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