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ຜູ້​ນຳ​ຢູ​ໂຣບ ກຽມ​ຮັບ​ມື​ລ່ວງ​ໜ້າ ກັບ ປ. ທ​ຣຳ ຢູ່ກອງ​ປະ​ຊຸມ​ສຸດຍອດ ກຸ່ມຈີ 7


ຕຳ​ຫຼວດ​ລົດ​ຈັກ​ລາດ​ຕະ​ເວນ​ຖະ​ໜົນ​ສາຍ​ຕ່າງໆ ກ່ອນກອງ​ປະ​ຊຸມ​ສຸດຍອດ ທີ່​ເມືອງ​ບີ​ອາ​ຣິດ ປະ​ເທດ​ຝ​ຣັ່ງ. (ວັນ​ທີ 23 ສິງ​ຫາ 2019)

ປະ​ເທດ​ປະ​ຊາ​ທິ​ປະ​ໄຕ​ທີ່​ກ້າວ​ໜ້າ​ທັນ​ສະ​ໄໝ​ແລະ​ໃຫຍ່​ທີ່​ສຸດ​ຂອງ​ໂລກ ທີ່​ຮູ້​ກັນ​ໃນ​ຊື່ “ກຸ່ມ 7 ປະ​ເທດ” ຫຼືກຸ່ມຈີ 7 ຈະ​ຈັດ​ກອງ​ປະ​ຊຸມ​ສຸດຍອດ​ ຂອງ​ຕົນ​ຂຶ້ນ ທີ່ເມືອງບີ​ອາ​ຮິດ ໃນ​ເຂດ​ແຄມ​ຝັ່ງ​ມະ​ຫາ​ສະ​ໝຸດ​ແອັດ​ແລນ​ຕິກ​ຂອງ​ຝ​ຣັ່ງ ຊຶ່ງ​ເປັນທີ່​ຮູ້​ກັນ​ດີ​ໃນ​ການຂີ່ກະ​ດານ​ຕ້ານ​ຄື້ນ​ຫຼືເຊີບ​ຟິງ.

​ພວກ​ຜູ້​ນຳ​ຂອງ​ກຸ່ມ​ຈີ 7 ຈະ​ບໍ່​ພຽງ​ແຕ່​ກຳ​ນົດ​ທິດ​ທາງ​ກ່ຽວ​ກັບ​ບັນ​ຫາ​ເສດ​ຖະ​ກິດທີ່​ຮີບ​ດ່ວນ​ສຸດ​ຂອງ​ໂລກ ແຕ່​ຍັງ​ຈະຮັບ​ມືກັບ​ອາ​ລົມ​ຂອງ​ປະ​ທາ​ນາ​ທິ​ບໍ​ດີ​ສະ​ຫະ​ລັດ ຊຶ່ງ​ເປັນ​ທີ່​ຮູ້​ກັນ​ດີ​ ໃນ​ການ​ຕໍ່​ຕ້ານ​ໂລ​ກາ​ພິ​ວັດ ການ​ເອົາ​ທ່າ​ທີ​ແບບ​ຕ້ອງ​ຕິ​ພັນ​ທະ​ມິດ.

ທ່ານ​ນາງ Karoline Postel-Vinay ​ສາ​ສະ​ດາ​ຈານ​ຄົ້ນ​ຄວ້າ​ທີ່​ສ​ະ​ຖາ​ບັນ​ວິ​ທະຍາ​ສາດ​ໂພ ຢູ່​ນະ​ຄອນ​ຫຼວງ​ປາ​ຣີ ຊຶ່ງ​ເປັນ​ສ່ວນ​ນຶ່ງ ​ຂອງ​ສະ​ຖາ​ບັນ​ຄົ້ນ​ຄວ້າ​ລະຫວ່າງ​ປະ​ເທດ ກ່າວ​ວ່​າ “ເຈົ້າ​ໜ້າ​ທີ່​ຝ​ຣັ່ງ ​ກຳ​ລັງ​ເປັນ​ຫ່ວງ ແລະ​ທ່ານ​ເອັມ​ມາ​ນູ​ແອ​ລ ມາ​ກ​ຣົງ ຊຶ່ງ​ເປັນ​ເຈົ້າ​ພາບແລະ​ທີມ​ງານ​ກຸ່ມ​ຈີ 7 ຂອງ​ທ່ານພວມ​ກະ​ກຽມໃຫ້​ຫຼາຍ​ເທົ່າ​ທີ່​ເປັນ​ໄປ​ໄດ້​ເພື່ອ​ຄວບ​ຄຸມ​ຄວາມ​ເສຍ​ຫາຍກ່ອນ​ໜ້າ​ການ​ເດີນ​ທາງໄປ​ຢ້ຽມ​ຢາມ​ຂອງ​ທ່ານ​ທ​ຣຳ.”

ທ່ານ​ນາງ Postel-Vinay ກ່າ​ວ​ວ່າ ທ່ານ​ນາງ​ຄິດ​ວ່າ ທ່ານ​ມາກ​ຣົງ ຊຶ່ງ​ເປັນປະ​ທານ​ວຽນ​ຂອງ​ກຸ່ມ​ໃນ​ປີນີ້ ພວມ​ຊອກ​ຫາ​ທາງ​ເອົາ​ວິ​ທີ​ການ​ໃໝ່ ສຳ​ລັບ​ກອງປະ​ຊຸມ​ສຸດຍອດ​ໃນ​ປີນີ້ ເພື່ອ​ຫຼີກ​ລ່ຽງ ​ບໍ່​ໃຫ້​ເກີດ​ການ​ປະ​ທະ​ກັນ​ ກັບ​ທ່ານ​ທ​ຣຳ.ໃນ​ກອງ​ປະ​ຊຸມ​ສຸດຍອດ​ຂອງ​ກຸ່ມ​ຈີ 7 ທີ່​ເມືອງ​ຊາ​ເລີ​ວົວ ໃນ​ແຂວງ​ເກ​ເບັກ​ ປີກາຍນີ້ ປະ​ທາ​ນາ​ທິ​ບໍ​ດີ​ທ​ຣຳ​ໄດ້​ຂົ່ມ​ຂູ່​ທີ່​ຈະ​ຍຸ​ຕິ​ຄວາມ​ສຳ​ພັນ​ທາງ​ດ້ານ​ການ​ຄ້າກັບ​ຫຼາຍໆ​ປະ​ເທດ​ທີ່​ເປັນ​ສະ​ມາ​ຊິກ​ຂອງ​ກຸ່ມ​ຈີ 7 ແລະ​ເວົ້າ​ດູ​ຖູກ​ເຈົ້າ​ພາບ ນາຍົກ​ລັດ​ຖະ​ ມົນ​ຕີ​ຈັ​ສ​ຕິນ ທ​ຣູ​ໂດ​ແຫ່ງ​ກາ​ນາ​ດາ ໂດຍ​ເອີ້ນ​ທ່ານ​ວ່າ ເປັນ​ຄົນ “​ຮູ້​ສຶກ​ຈຽມຕົວ​ແລະ​ສຸ​ພາບ ຫຼື meek and mild” ຢູ່​ໃນ​ທວີດ​ເຕີ້.

ເພື່ອ​ເປັນ​ການ​ປະ​ທ້ວງ​ຕໍ່​ທ່ານ​ທ​ຣູ​ໂດ ທີ່​ໄດ້​ສັນ​ຍາ​ວ່າ​ຈະ​ເກັບ​ພາ​ສີ​ຕອບ​ໂຕ້​ຄືນ​ຕໍ່​ສະ​ຫະ​ລັດ​ນັ້ນ ທ່ານ​ທ​ຣຳ​ໄດ້​ຍັງ​ຖອ​ນ​ການ​ໃຫ້​ຄວາມ​ສະ​ໜັບ​ສະ​ໜຸນ​ຂອງ​ທ່ານຕໍ່​ຖະ​ແຫຼງ​ການ​ຮ່ວມ ປີ 2018 ຂອງ​ກຸ່ມຈີ 7.

ທ່ານ​ມາກ​ຣົງ ກ່າວ​ຕໍ່​ພວກ​ນັກ​ຂ່າວ​ໃນ​ວັນ​ພຸດ​ຜ່ານ​ມານີ້​ ທີ່​ນະ​ຄອນ​ຫຼວງ​ປາ​ຣີວ່າຈະ​ບໍ່​ມີ​ຖ​ະ​ແຫຼງ​ການ​ຮ່ວມ​ໃນ​ຕອນ​ທ້າຍ​ຂອງກອງ​ປະ​ຊຸມ​ສຸດຍອດ​ປີນີ້. ທ່ານ​ສະເໜີ​ແນະ​ວ່າ ການ​ບໍ່​ລົງ​ລອຍ​ກັນ​ແມ່ນ​ພົວ​ພັນ​ລ​ະ​ຫວ່າງ​ປະ​ທາ​ນາ​ທິ​ບໍ​ດີ​ທ​ຣຳ​ແລະຜູ້​ນຳ​ຄົນ​ອື່ນໆ ກ່ຽວ​ກັບ​ບັນ​ຫາ​ທີ່​ສຳ​ຄັນໆ​ເຊັ່ນ​ເລື້ອງ​ອີ​ຣ່ານ ແລະ​ການ​ປ່ຽນ​ແປງຂອງ​ດິນ​ຟ້າ​ອາ​ກາດ ແມ່ນ​ເຫດ​ຜົນ​ໃນ​ການ​ທີ່​ຈະ​ບໍ່​ມີ​ຖະ​ແຫຼງ​ການ​ຮ່ວມ.

ນີ້​ຈ​ະ​ເປັນ​ກອງ​ປະ​ຊຸມ​ສຸດຍອດ​ຂອງ​ກຸ່ມ​ຈີ 7 ເທື່ອ​ທຳ​ອິດ ທີ່​ບໍ່​ມີ​ການ​ອອກ​ຖະ​ແຫຼງ​ການ​ຮ່ວມ.

The world's largest advanced democracies — collectively known as the "Group of Seven," or G-7 — will have their annual summit this weekend in Biarritz, a French seaside resort town known for its world-class surfing.

G-7 leaders here will not only have to navigate the world's most pressing economic issues but also the temperament of a U.S. president known for his anti-globalist outlook and combative stance against allies.

Karoline Postel-Vinay is a research professor at theParis-based institute Sciences Po,part of theCenter for International Research. She says French officials are nervous and that host President Emmanuel Macron and his G-7 team are preparing to do as much "damage control" as possible ahead ofPresident DonaldTrump's visit.

Postel-Vinay said she thinks that Macron, who holds the presidency over the group this year, is seeking to take a different approach to this year's summit to avoid clashes with Trump. At last year's G-7 in Charlevoix, Quebec, Trump threatened to halt trade relations with several G-7 members and insulted his host, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, calling him "meek and mild" in a tweet.

((https://twitter.com/realdonaldtrump/status/1005586562959093760?s=21))
As a protest to Trudeau, who had pledged retaliatory tariffs against the United States,Trump also retractedhis endorsement of the joint communique or official public statement of the 2018 G-7.

Macron told reporters Wednesday in Paris there will be no communique at the end of the coming summit. He suggested that disagreements involving Trump and other leaders on key issues such as Iran and climate change are the reason he will not issue one.

It will be the first time the G-7 summit will end without a communique.

'Be prepared for theatrics'

"With Donald Trump, any summit host should be prepared for theatrics," said Stewart Patrick from the Council on Foreign Relations, adding that Trump tends to take differences of opinion and national interest "in personal terms."

Patrick said French government officials are "highly attuned to the risk that the president could throw a tantrum," and would like to avoid that scenario while at the same time standing up for positions supported by other G-7 members so that "the group is not held hostage by one recalcitrant player."

He added that Macron's decision not to issue a communique is in line with the idea that a subset of G-7 members can move forward as "vanguard countries" to push the frontier of cooperation, even if not all members approve.

Although after a few rounds of these summits people are no longer shocked by Trump's antics, they are still very disruptive, said Matthew Goodman, former White House coordinator for the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, or APEC, under the Obama administration. Goodman now holds the William E. Simon Chair atthe Center for Strategic and International Studies.

"When the U.S.isn't leading or isn't interested, then it's very hard for others to achieve anything," said Goodman, "and that's been very visible in the last few G-7s and G-20s." The G20 refers to the group of 20 major economies.

A belligerent stance on the world stage that's in line with his "America First" doctrine may serve Trump politically as he vies for re-election in 2020.European allies "taking advantage of America" is a theme he frequently revisits to motivate his base.

Russia membership

On Wednesday, Trump again floated the idea of inviting Russia back into the club without precondition.

"We spend a lot of time talking about Russia at those meetings. And they're not there. I think it would be a good thing if Russia were there so we can speak directly," he said.

Trump also repeated his assertion that Russia was kicked out of the grouping because, "President Putin totally outsmarted President Obama."

In 2014, the group suspended Russian membership over the annexation of Crimea, a territory part of Ukraine, which Moscow still now occupies.

On Wednesday, Macronsaid that readmitting Russia without resolving the Ukraine crisis would underscore the "weakness" of the grouping. "It would be a strategic error for us and the consecration of this age of impunity," he said.

Meanwhile, Russia has not expressed much desire to rejoin. In a joint press conferenceafter his meeting with Macron at Fort Bregancon in southern France on Monday, President Vladimir Putinsaid, "Howcan I come back into an organization that doesn't exist? It is called the G-7 today."

Moscow may be playing "hard to get," said William Hill from the Kennan Instituteof theWoodrow Wilson International Center. "They're certainly adopting this posture, and let themselves appear to be pursued by Washington," he added.

US role

G-7 leaders' anxiety over Trump is emblematic of the uncertainty faced by allies over the shift in the U.S. international role and what the consequences may be, at a time when the global economy faces threats of recession.

Europeans miss the America "we knew and we're used to," saidPostel-Vinay."Since the end of the Second World War, we were used to a leader of the free world that we were very comfortable with, and we're not seeing it anymore," she added.

This G-7 may bethe summit where leaders will be trying to work out the future role of the U.S., saidJon Alterman,Zbigniew Brzezinski Chair in Global Security and Geostrategy at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.

"They have figured out how to deal with this president, they have begun thinking in the long term how to deal with a different U.S. role on the world stage," said Alterman. "How well it works out, whether they end up being surprised, or whether they end up having calibrated it fairly well is going to be what either makes or breaks this summit going forward."

World leaders will officially begin the Biarritz 2019 G-7 Summit this Sunday.

ທ່ານອາດຈະມັກເລື້ອງນີ້ຄືກັນ

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