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ຮຽນສຳນວນພາສາອັງກິດ rule of thumb


ພາບຖ່າຍຂອງຮູບປັ້ນ ນິ້ວໂປ້ ທີ່ມີຊື່ວ່າ new Fourth Plinth, 'Really Good' ປັ້ນໂດຍສິລະປິນ ຊາວອັງກິດ ທ່ານ David Shrigley ຢູ່ທີ່ຈະຕຸລັດ Trafalgar ໃນກາງນະຄອນຫຼວງ ລອນດອນ ເມື່ອວັນທີ 29 ກັນຍາ 2016.
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English in a Minute: EIM 285 Rule of Thumb

Welcome to English in a Minute

The thumb is the shortest finger on your hand…

RULE OF THUMB

But what does a thumb have to do with...rules?

Person 1: I thought you were supposed to be in Mexico City for your friend’s wedding.

Person 2: Yeah...about that...I missed my flight last night. I thought getting there 40 minutes early would be enough time, but it wasn’t…

Person 1: For international flights, the rule of thumb is to get to the airport two or even three hours early!

Person 2: Unfortunately, your advice comes about ten hours late, Jonathan.

A “rule of thumb” is a general estimate. It is not scientific or exact. Many people think this expression came from an old English law that permitted a husband to beat his wife with something no thicker than a thumb. But in reality, this expression comes from using body parts as units of measure. In our example, Jonathan tells Anna that a good rule of thumb is to arrive at the airport two hours early.

And that’s English in a Minute!

ທ່ານນັກຮຽນນັກສຶກສາທັງຫຼາຍ ສຳນວນພາສາອັງກິດສຳລັບທ່ານໃນມື້ນີ້ແມ່ນຄຳວ່າ

RULE OF THUMB

SL: RULE OF THUMB

The thumb is the shortest finger on your hand…

ຄຳວ່າ thumb ແປວ່າ ໂປ້ມື ເປັນນີ້ວມືທີ່ສັ້ນກວ່າໝູ່ໃນມືຂອງເຮົາ.

But what does a thumb have to do with...rules?

ຄັນຊັ້ນ ຄຳວ່າ thumb ຫຼື ນີ້ວໂປ້ ມັນມີສ່ວນກ່ຽວຂ້ອງແນວໃດກັບຄຳວ່າ rules ຫຼືກົດເກນ ຫຼືກົດລະບຽບ.

Person 1: I thought you were supposed to be in Mexico City for your friend’s wedding.

ກະດຽວວ່າ ເຈົ້າໄປແຕ່ງງານໝູ່ເຈົ້າ ຢູ່ເມືອງເມັກຊິກໂກພໍແຮງແລ້ວ ຄືເຈົ້າຍັງຢູ່ໜີຢູ່.

Person 2: Yeah...about that...I missed my flight last night. I thought getting there 40 minutes early would be enough time, but it wasn’t…

ເວົ້າເຖິງເຣື່ອງນັ້ນ ຂ້ອຍຕົກເຮືອບິນມື້ຄືນນີ້ ຂ້ອຍວ່າໄປເຖິງກ່ອນ 40 ນາທີກໍພໍແລ້ວ ແຕ່ຄວາມຈິງມັນບໍ່ເປັນແນວນັ້ນ.

Person 1: For international flights, the rule of thumb is to get to the airport two or even three hours early!

ສຳລັບການບິນສາກົນ ກົດເກນທົ່ວໄປແມ່ນ ເຈົ້າຕ້ອງໄດ້ເຖິງເດິ່ນເຮືອບິນກ່ອນສອງຫຼືສາມຊົ່ວໂມງ.

Person 2: Unfortunately, your advice comes about ten hours late, Jonathan.

ເຮັດຫຍັງບໍ່ໄດ້ແລ້ວ ຄຳແນະນຳຂອງເຈົ້າມັນຊ້າໄປປະມານ ສິບຊົ່ວໂມງແລ້ວ ໂຈນາຕັນ.

A “rule of thumb” is a general estimate. It is not scientific or exact.

A “rule of thumb” ແປວ່າ “ກົດເກນທົ່ວໄປ” ເປັນການຄຳນວນແບບກວ້າງໆຊື່ໆ. ມັນບໍ່ແມ່ນແບວິທະຍາສາດ ຫຼືມີຄວາມແມ່ນຍຳແຕ່ຢ່າງໃດ.

This expression comes from using body parts as units of measure.

ສຳນວນນີ້ ໄດ້ມາຈາກການໃຊ້ພາກສ່ວນພາກສ່ວນນຶ່ງຂອງຮ່າງກາຍເປັນເຄື່ອງວັດແທກ.

RULE OF THUMB

ບັດນີ້ລອງຫັດເວົ້າສຳນວນນີ້ເບິ່ງເໜະາທ່ານ

Person 1: For international flights, the rule of thumb is to get to the airport two or even three hours early!

Music: ……………….

SL: For international flights, the rule of thumb is to get to the airport two or even three hours early!

ສຳລັບກົດເກນທົ່ວໄປໃນວັດທະນະທຳລາວກໍມີຫຼາຍຢ່າງຢູ່ເໜາະທ່ານ. ລອງຄິດເບິ່ງວ່າມີຫຽັງແດ່ ແລ້ວເຮັດໃຫ້ປະຫຽກນີ້ສົມບູນເບິ່ງ: For …. , the rule of thumb is ………

ຄຳວ່າ units of measure ແປວ່າຫົວໜ່ວຍໃນການວັດແທກ ເຊັ່ນ ແມັດນຶ່ງມີຮ້ອຍຊັງຕີແມັດ ກິໂລນຶ່ງ ມີພັນກຣາມ ນໍ້າລີດນຶ່ງ ນໍ້າມັນແອັຊຊັງລີດນຶ່ງດັ່ງນີ້ເປັນຕົ້ນ units of measure.

And that’s English in a Minute!

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