ລິ້ງ ສຳຫລັບເຂົ້າຫາ

ວັນຈັນ, ໑໕ ກໍລະກົດ ໒໐໒໔

ນາຍົກລັດຖະມົນຕີຂອງຈີນ ເຫັນເຖິງຄວາມສຳເລັດແບບປະສົມ ໃນການເຂົ້າໄປພົວພັນກັບປະເທດເຂດເອເຊຍປາຊີຟິກທີ່ມີສະເໜ່


ນາຍົກລັດຖະມົນຕີຂອງຈີນ ທ່ານ ລີ ຈຽງ ຍົກມືທັກທາຍ ໃນເວລາທີ່ທ່ານ ເດີນທາງມາເຖິງ ສະໜາມບິນ ອາດີເລດ, ອອສເຕຣເລຍ,​ວັນທີ 15 ມິຖຸນາ 2024.
ນາຍົກລັດຖະມົນຕີຂອງຈີນ ທ່ານ ລີ ຈຽງ ຍົກມືທັກທາຍ ໃນເວລາທີ່ທ່ານ ເດີນທາງມາເຖິງ ສະໜາມບິນ ອາດີເລດ, ອອສເຕຣເລຍ,​ວັນທີ 15 ມິຖຸນາ 2024.

ນາຍົກລັດຖະມົນຕີຈີນ ທ່ານ​ ລີ ຈຽງ ​ໄດ້​ສິ້ນ​ສຸດ​ການ​ຢ້ຽມຢາມ 3 ປະ​ເທດ​ຂອງ​ພາກ​ພື້ນ​ເອເຊຍ​ປາຊີ​ຟິກ, ເພື່ອຂະຫຍາຍການ​ພົວພັນ​ດ້ານ​ການ​ຄ້າ ​ແລະ​ສ້າງ​ສາຍ​ພົວພັນ​ຄືນ​ໃໝ່. ​ແຕ່​ການ​ເດີນທາງ​ດັ່ງກ່າວ ​ຍັງ​ໄດ້​ພົບເຫັນ​ບັນຫາ​ທາງ​ການ​ທູດ​ທີ່ຍັງມີຄວາມຫຍຸ້ງຍາກຢູ່ບາງ​ຢ່າງ.

ຜ່ານ​ການ​ຢ້ຽມ​ຢາມ​ຄັ້ງ​ນີ້, ທ່ານ ລີ ເຊິ່ງເປັນ​ເຈົ້າ​ໜ້າ​ທີ່​ທີ່​ມີ​ອຳ​ນາດ​ອັນ​ດັບ​ສອງ​ຂອງ​ຈີນ, ໄດ້​ກາຍ​ເປັນ​ນາ​ຍົກ​ລັດ​ຖະ​ມົນ​ຕີ​ຄົນ​ທຳ​ອິດ ​ທີ່​ໄປ​ຢ້ຽມ​ຢາມ​ນິວ​ຊີ​ແລນ ​ແລະ​ອອສເຕຣເລຍ ​ນັບຕັ້ງ​ແຕ່​ປີ 2017.

ທ່ານ​ໄດ້​ສິ້ນ​ສຸດ​ການ​ເດີນທາງຢ້ຽມຢາມຂອງທ່ານ ຢູ່​ປະ​ເທດ​ມາ​ເລ​ເຊຍ, ເຊິ່ງຖື​ເປັນ​ຂີດ​ໝາຍຄວາມສະຫງົບ​ອັນ​ຍາວ​ນານ​ເກືອບ​ທົດ​ສະ​ວັດ​ນັບ​ຕັ້ງ​ແຕ່​ຜູ້ດຳລົງ ຕໍາແໜ່ງຄົນກ່ອນ​ຂອງ​ທ່ານຄື ທ່ານ ລີ ເກີ້ຈຽງ (Li Keqiang) ໄດ້​ໄປ​ຢ້ຽມຢາມ​ປະ​ເທດ​ເອເຊຍ​ຕາ​ເວັນ​ອອກສ່ຽງ​ໃຕ້ດັ່ງກ່າວ​ໃນ​ປີ 2015.

ການ​ຢ້ຽມຢາມ​ຂອງ​ທ່ານ ລີ (Li) ​ໄດ້​ປະກາດ​ຜົນ​ໄດ້ຮັບບາງ​ຢ່າງ, ລວມທັງ​ການ​ປະກາດ​ຂໍ້​ຕົກລົງ​ການ​ຄ້າ​ໃໝ່​ ກັບ​ນິວຊີ​ແລນ ​ແລະ ມາ​ເລ​ເຊຍ.

​ແຕ່​ເຫດການ​ອັນ​ແປກ​ປະຫລາດຢ່າງນຶ່ງ ຢູ່​ທີ່​ນະຄອນຫຼວງ ​ແຄນ​ເບີ​ຣາ ເຊິ່ງ​ກ່ຽວ​ຂ້ອງ​ກັບ​ເຈົ້າ​ໜ້າ​ທີ່​ຈີນ ​ແລະ​ນັກ​ຂ່າວ​ທ້ອງ​ຖິ່ນ​ຄົນ​ນຶ່ງ ​ທີ່ເຄີຍ​ຖືກຂັງ​ຄຸກ​ໃນ​ເມື່ອ​ກ່ອນ​ນັ້ນ ​ໄດ້​ຖືກອະທິບາຍ ໂດຍ​ນາຍົກລັດຖະມົນຕີອອສເຕຣເລຍ ທ່ານ ແອນໂທນີ ອາລບານີສ (Anthony Albanese) ​ວ່າ "ບໍ່​ເໝາະ​ສົມ​ຢ່າງ​ຍິ່ງ"​.

ການ​ຢ້ຽມ​ຢາມ​ຂອງ​ທ່ານ ລີ ໄດ້​ເລີ່ມ​ຕົ້ນ​ໃນ​ລັກ​ສະ​ນະ​ທີ່ມິດງຽບຫຼາຍຂຶ້ນ, ໂດຍ​ມີ​ການ​ພົບ​ປະກັບ​ນາ​ຍົກ​ລັດ​ຖະ​ນາ​ຍົກຂອງ ​ນິວ​ຊີ​ແລນ ທ່ານ ຄຣິສໂຕເຟີ ລູຊອນ (Christopher Luxon) ສໍາ​ລັບ​ການ​ເຈລະ​ຈາ ຢູ່​ທີ່ນະຄອນຫຼວງ ວິລລິງຕັນ (Wellington).

ທັງສອງ​ຝ່າຍ ​ໄດ້​ປະກາດ​ຂໍ້​ຕົກລົງ​ໃໝ່​ກ່ຽວ​ກັບ​ການ​ຄ້າ​ ແລະ​ການ​ປ່ຽນ​ແປງ​ຂອງ​ດິນ​ຟ້າ​ອາກາດ, ​ໂດຍ​ທ່ານ ລີ ກ່າວ​ວ່າ 2 ປະ​ເທດ​ເປັນ “ເພື່ອນ​ມິດ​ທີ່​ດີ.”

ອ່ານຂ່າວເປັນພາສາອັງກິດຂ້າງລຸ່ມນີ້:

Chinese Premier Li Qiang has wrapped up a three-country tour of the Asia-Pacific region, boosting trade ties and rebuilding relations. But the trip also saw a reemergence of some thorny diplomatic issues.

Through this visit Li, the second most powerful official in China, became the first premier to visit New Zealand and Australia since 2017.

He wrapped up his trip with a stop in Malaysia, marking an almost decade-long lull since his predecessor Li Keqiang visited the Southeast Asian nation in 2015.

Li’s tour heralded some results, including the announcement of new trade deals with New Zealand and Malaysia.

But a bizarre incident in Canberra involving Chinese officials and a formerly imprisoned local journalist was described as “entirely inappropriate” by Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese.

Chinese Premier Li Qiang, center, stands with New Zealand Prime Minister Christopher Luxon, left, and New Zealand Governor General Dame Cyndi Kiro during the official welcome ceremony in Wellington, New Zealand, June 13, 2024.
Chinese Premier Li Qiang, center, stands with New Zealand Prime Minister Christopher Luxon, left, and New Zealand Governor General Dame Cyndi Kiro during the official welcome ceremony in Wellington, New Zealand, June 13, 2024.

Li’s tour began in a more muted manner, with the premier meeting New Zealand Prime Minister Christopher Luxon for talks in Wellington.

The pair announced new agreements on trade and climate change, with Li describing the two countries as “good friends.”

Luxon, though, said the split was “probably 50-50” in time spent discussing differences between the two countries compared to their common interests.

New Zealand’s leader had a “challenging course” to navigate, according to Kathryn Paik, a senior fellow with the Australia Chair at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, balancing economic priorities with concerns over China’s increasing engagement in the Pacific.

“This balancing will become more difficult, as New Zealand continues to become more aware of the detrimental effects of Chinese actions abroad,” Paik told VOA.

The Chinese premier also raised concerns about New Zealand’s potential participation in the AUKUS security alliance — a trilateral pact between Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States — that is seen as a counter to Beijing's influence in the Indo-Pacific region.

China's Premier Li Qiang, center left, and Australia's Prime Minister Anthony Albanese, center right, attend a signing ceremony at Parliament House in Canberra, June 17, 2024.
China's Premier Li Qiang, center left, and Australia's Prime Minister Anthony Albanese, center right, attend a signing ceremony at Parliament House in Canberra, June 17, 2024.

From New Zealand, Li touched down in Australia for a meeting closely watched after relations between the two took a nosedive during the pandemic.

Australia’s former Prime Minister Scott Morrison was a vocal critic of China on a number of issues, from human rights to calling for an international inquiry into the origins of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Beijing hit back, slapping tariffs and restrictions on a variety of Australian goods and commodities.

The Albanese administration has worked to rebuild the relationship with the key trading partner and this visit was evidence of how far things have come.

Canberra and Beijing “are back to the normal pattern of relations now,” said former Australian Ambassador to China Geoff Raby.

“Sure, there are big differences and issues that we disagree on. But that's the same in all relationships,” Raby told VOA.

Beijing’s so-called “panda diplomacy” was on full display during the visit, with Li announcing China would send Adelaide Zoo two new giant pandas, replacing Wang Wang and Fu Ni who are returning to their homeland.

Members of the Chinese delegation take photos of giant panda, Wang Wang, during a visit by Chinese Premier Li Qiang to Adelaide Zoo, Australia, June 16, 2024.
Members of the Chinese delegation take photos of giant panda, Wang Wang, during a visit by Chinese Premier Li Qiang to Adelaide Zoo, Australia, June 16, 2024.

The premier also offered 15-day, visa-free entry for Australian visitors to China, something also promised to New Zealand citizens during his visit there.

Albanese said he and Li also discussed improving military dialogue between the countries, after a recent incident when a Chinese jet dropped flares in the pathway of an Australian defense helicopter over the Yellow Sea.

But while Albanese may have said the trip “renewed and revitalized” relations with China, all local media outlets could talk about was what happened with Cheng Lei — an Australian journalist who recently returned home from three years detention in China.

Lei was reporting on a press conference at Canberra’s Parliament House when Chinese officials appeared to block cameras from filming her.

“It was a complete stuff-up by the Chinese side, stupid, completely stupid. They are their own worst enemies,” said former ambassador Raby.

“It really did deflect attention within Australia from the positive aspects of the visit. It was such a stupid thing,” Raby told VOA.

The final leg of Li’s tour was in Malaysia, with the Chinese premier marking fifty years of diplomatic relations with his hosts.

Li met with Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim and the pair witnessed the signing of a slew of new deals, such as a five-year agreement to boost economic and trade cooperation.

The pair also jointly pushed a lever to break ground at the construction of a new railway station that will form a key part of China’s prized Belt and Road Infrastructure project.

China's Premier Li Qiang, left and Malaysian Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim attend an event for East Coast Rail Link, in Rawang, outskirts of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, June 19, 2024, in this photo released by Malaysia's Prime Minister office.
China's Premier Li Qiang, left and Malaysian Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim attend an event for East Coast Rail Link, in Rawang, outskirts of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, June 19, 2024, in this photo released by Malaysia's Prime Minister office.

In addition, China promised to begin importing fresh durians from Malaysia. The Southeast Asian nation is one of the world’s biggest producers of the notoriously smelly fruit.

Malaysia, like much of the Indo-Pacific, is walking a tightrope in balancing relations with its biggest trading partner China and the United States. Kuala Lumpur recently received large investments from major U.S. companies including Microsoft and Google.

It’s an approach of “strategic ambiguity,” according to James Chin, professor of Asian studies at the University of Tasmania. “They don’t show their hand too openly.”

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