An American study has shown that being hopeful about future events might help you stay healthy and live longer. The study found links between people's beliefs and their risks of cancer-related death, heart disease and early death.
Researchers studied one hundred thousand women during an eight-year period, beginning in nineteen ninety-four. All of the women were fifty years of age or older. The study was part of the Women's Health Initiative, a continuing study organized by the National Institutes of Health. The findings were presented earlier this month at a meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society.
For the study, the women were asked questions that measured their beliefs or ideas about the future. The researchers attempted to identify each woman's personality eight years after gathering the information.
The study found that the hopeful individuals were fourteen percent less likely than other women to have died from any cause. The hopeful women were also thirty percent less likely to have died from heart disease after the eight years.
Hilary Trindle was the lead writer of the report. She is an assistant professor of medicine at the University of Pittsburgh in Pennsylvania. She says the study confirms earlier research that also linked optimistic feelings to longer life. However, this study is different from earlier research on the subject.
The researchers also gathered information about people's education, financial earnings, physical activity and use of alcoholic drinks or cigarettes. Independent of those things, the findings still showed that optimists had less of a chance of dying during the eight-year period.
Some women who answered the study's questions were found to be cynically hostile, or highly untrusting of others. These women were sixteen percent more likely to die than the others. They also were twenty-three percent more likely to die of cancer.
The study also found that women who were not optimistic were more likely to smoke, have high blood pressure or diabetes. They were also more likely not to exercise.
Professor Tindle says the study did not confirm whether optimism leads to healthier choices, or if it actually affected a person's physical health. She says the study does not prove that negative emotions or distrust lead to bad health effects, and shorter life. Yet there does appear to be a link between the two. More research is needed to discover the exact reasons for the findings.
Translated by Buasawan Simmala
ຟັງສຽງ ເປັນພາສາລາວໄດ້ ໂດຍການກົດປຸ່ມຢູ່ຂວາມືຂ້າງເທິງ