ໄພນ້ຳຖ້ວມທີ່ຮ້າຍແຮງທີ່ສຸດໃນຮອບ 6 ປີ ຢູ່ນະຄອນຫຼວງຈາກາຕາ ຂອງອິນໂດເນເຊຍ ໄດ້ເຮັດໃຫ້ມີຜູ້ເສຍຊີວິດຫຼາຍກວ່າ 40 ຄົນໃນອາທິດນີ້ແລະໄດ້ເພັ່ງເລັງຄວາມສົນໃຈໃສ່ການປັບປຸງການຄວບຄຸມນ້ຳຖ້ວມ ກ່ອນຈະມີການຍົກຍ້າຍນະຄອນຫຼວງດັ່ງກ່າວ ທີ່ໄດ້ວາງແຜນໄວ້ແລ້ວເພື່ອໄປຕັ້ງຢູ່ບ່ອນອື່ນ.
ສະພາບຝົນຕົກລົງມາຢ່າງບໍ່ຂາດສາຍ ໃນວັນອັງຄານ ແລະວັນພຸດຜ່ານມາ ໄດ້ເຮັດໃຫ້ ພື້ນທີ່ 268 ແຫ່ງໃນອິນໂດເນເຊຍຖືກນ້ຳຖ້ວມ ຊຶ່ງໃນນັ້ນ 158 ແຫ່ງແມ່ນຢູ່ໃນເຂດທີ່ຕໍ່າຂອງນະຄອນຫຼວງຈາກາຕາ, ອີງຕາມຄຳເວົ້າຢູ່ໃນເວັບໄຊ ຂອງສະຫະພັນສະພາກາແດງສາກົນ. ຮ່ອງລະບາຍນ້ຳ ແລະຄູກັນນ້ຳ ຢູ່ໃນນະຄອນຫລວງດັ່ງກ່າວ ຖືວ່າບໍ່ພຽງພໍທີ່ຈະຕ້ານທານກັບພາຍຸທີ່ມີຄວາມແຮງຂະໜາດນັ້ນໄດ້ ອີງຕາມຄຳເວົ້າຂອງບັນດານັກເສດຖະສາດຂອງເຂດເອເຊຍຕາເວັນອອກສຽງໃຕ້.
ສະພາບຝົນຕົກ ໃນວັນອັງຄານທີ່ຜ່ານມາ ທີ່ສູງເຖິງ 377 ມີລີແມັດ ແມ່ນໄດ້ທຳລາຍສະຖິຕິນັບແຕ່ປີ 2007 ເປັນຕົ້ນມາ ອີງຕາມໜັງສືພິມອິນເຕີແນັດ ຈາກາຕາໂພສທ໌. ຝົນໄດ້ເຮັດໃຫ້ເຮັດໃຫ້ເກີດດິນເຈື່ອນເຮັດໃຫ້ຜູ້ຄົນຕົກຄ້າງຢູ່ໃນເຮືອນແລະບັງຄັບໃຫ້ຫຼາຍກວ່າ 19,000 ຄົນຕ້ອງຍົກຍ້າຍໜີ ອີງຕາມການລາຍງານຂອງຂ່າວສານຕ່າງໆ. ສະຫະພັນສະພາກາແດງໄດ້ບັນທືກວ່າ ມີ 31,232 ຄົນ ທີ່ໄດ້ຫລົບໄພນ້ຳຖ້ວມນີ້.
"ພວກເຮົາແມ່ນກະທັ້ງບໍ່ສາມາດອອກຈາກເຮືອນໄປໃສໄດ້ເລີຍ ພວກເຮົາຮູ້ສຶກກະທັ້ງ ຄ້າຍກັບວ່າ ຕົກຢູ່ກາງສະອັນກວ້າງໃຫຍ່'' ນັ້ນ ຄືຄຳເວົ້າຂອງທ່ານນາງ ປາຣາມິຕາ ສຸປາມິໂຈະໂຕ ອາຈານສອນວິຊາພົວພັນຕ່າງປະເທດຢູ່ໃນມະຫາວິທະຍາໄລບີນານູຊານຕາຣາ ໃນນະຄອນຫລວງຈາກາຕາ.
The worst flooding in six years in Jakarta, Indonesia's capital, has killed more than 40 this week and focused attention on improving flood controls before the planned relocation of the capital.
Nonstop rainfallTuesday and Wednesday flooded 268 tracts in Indonesia, 158 in low-lying Jakarta, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies said on its website. Drainage and levees in the capital are considered inadequate for storms of that scale, Southeast Asian economists say.
Tuesday's rainfall reached 377 millimeters, a record since 2007, The Jakarta Post online said. The rains touched off landslides, trapped people in houses and prompted more than 19,000 to evacuate, local media reports say. The Red Cross federation put the number of displaced people at 31,232.
"We even couldn't get out of our house, we even felt like we were in the middle of a big pond,''said Paramita Supamijoto, an international relations lecturer at Bina Nusantara University in Jakarta.
Water levels inside her house topped out at about 40 centimeters above the floor, she told VOA by phone. "The water outside our house was higher, I think about 50 or 60 centimeters, almost half the height of the average adult," she said. It left a stench and trail of dirt after receding.
The Red Cross federation said flooding had injured 100 people. It called for donations of food, sleeping mats, baby kits, clean water and medicine. Some houses flooded up to their second stories.
Citizens of thecity of 11 million want the government to improve flood control work, although much has been done already, said Rajiv Biswas, Asia-Pacific chief economist at market research firm IHS Markit. President Joko Widodo in July suggested building a seawall around Jakarta, much of which is below sea level.
Officials may come out with a new "range of commitments" after the floods, Biswas said.
The biggest step would be relocation of the giant archipelago's capital to a site in East Kalimantan on Borneo Island. The president announced that move in August following three years of studies. The sparsely populated new site has a seaport, airport, low poverty levels and an educated population.
"I don't expect that this [flooding] in itself would be a cause of political unrest," Biswas said. "If anything, it would probably support the case that President Jokowi [Joko Widodo] has been pushing to build a new capital city, which will be in a very different location in another island, and one of the reasons for building that new city is to create a site that's less vulnerable to these risks of flooding and also other natural disasters."
Analysts caution, though, that relocation would take years. In the meantime, Jakarta would remain heavily populated and packed with visitors as the hub of government.
Jakarta is also known for air pollution and a dense population including families who live in lean-tos along riverbanks.
Housing shouldn't be built in flood zones and people should quit throwing trash in the rivers, Supamijoto said. She suggested that river channels be "normalized".
The urban drainage system struggles during major floods, Biswas said.
"Moving the capital is also a good idea but it cannot be done within a few minutes because Jakarta has been our capital for a long time and socially people already get used to it," Supamijoto said.
"And then if you would like to move us to [the new capital], that might be a lot of process, a lot of issues and we cannot guarantee that the new capital will be safe from flooding and other natural disasters," she said.
Jakarta is used to floods and should recover economically within a few weeks, said Marie Diron, managing director with Moody's Investors Service in Singapore. Flooding in January 2013 killed dozens and swamped Jakarta's central business district.
"We'll observe the speed of recovery, what measures are taken to remedy the impact of the flood," Diron said. Diron assumes Indonesia will return to "some sort of normal economic activity" within a few weeks and will take a second look at the country if not.
Rainfall is forecast to pick up over the next four to seven days, meaning "water levels will further increase," the Red Cross federation said.