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ໄພ​ນ້ຳ​ຖ້ວມ ຮ້າຍ​ແຮງ ຢູ່​ທີ່​ນະ​ຄອນ​ຫຼວງ ຈາ​ກາ​ຕາ ຂອງ​ອິນ​ໂດ​ເນ​ເຊຍ


ຜູ້​ຊາຍ​ຄົນ​ນຶ່ງ​ພວມ​ມ້ຽນ​ມັດ​ປັດ​ກວດ ຫຼັງ​ຈາກ​ໄດ້​ເກີດ​ໄພ​ນ້ຳ​ຖ້ວມ ທີ່​ນະ​ຄອນ​ຫຼວງ​ຈາ​ກາ​ຕາ ເມື່ອ​ວັນ​ທີ 3 ມັງ​ກອນ 2020. Antara Foto/Dhemas Reviyanto/ via REUTERS

ໄພ​ນ້ຳ​ຖ້ວມ​ທີ່​ຮ້າຍ​ແຮງ​ທີ່​ສຸດ​ໃນ​ຮອບ 6 ປີ ຢູ່ນະ​ຄອນ​ຫຼວງຈາ​ກາ​ຕາ ຂອງອິນ​ໂດ​ເນ​ເຊຍ ໄດ້​ເຮັດ​ໃຫ້ມີ​ຜູ້​ເສຍ​ຊີ​ວິດ​ຫຼາຍກວ່າ 40 ຄົນ​ໃນ​ອາ​ທິດນີ້ແລະ​ໄດ້​ເພັ່ງເລັງ​ຄວາມ​ສົນ​ໃຈໃສ່​ການ​ປັບ​ປຸງ​ການ​ຄວບ​ຄຸມ​ນ້ຳ​ຖ້ວມ ກ່ອນ​ຈະ​ມີ​ການ​ຍົກ​ຍ້າຍ​ນະ​ຄອນ​ຫຼວງ​ດັ່ງ​ກ່າວ ​ທີ່​ໄດ້​ວາງ​ແຜນ​ໄວ້​ແລ້ວເພື່ອໄປ​ຕັ້ງ​ຢູ່​ບ່ອນ​ອື່ນ.

ສ​ະ​ພາບ​ຝົນ​ຕົກ​ລົງ​ມາ​ຢ່າງບໍ່​ຂາດ​ສາຍ ໃນ​ວັນ​ອັງ​ຄານ ແລະ​ວັນ​ພຸດ​ຜ່ານ​ມາ ໄດ້ເຮັດ​ໃຫ້ ພື້ນ​ທີ່ 268 ແຫ່ງ​ໃນ​ອິນ​ໂດ​ເນ​ເຊຍ​ຖືກ​ນ້ຳ​ຖ້ວມ ຊຶ່ງ​ໃນ​ນັ້ນ 158 ແຫ່ງ​ແມ່ນ​ຢູ່​ໃນ​ເຂດ​ທີ່​ຕໍ່າ​ຂອງ​ນະ​ຄອນ​ຫຼວງຈາ​ກາ​ຕາ, ອີງ​ຕາມຄຳ​ເວົ້າ​ຢູ່​ໃນ​ເວັບ​ໄຊ​ ຂອງ​ສະ​ຫະ​ພັນສະ​ພາ​ກາ​ແດງ​ສາ​ກົນ. ຮ່ອງ​ລະ​ບາຍ​ນ້ຳ ແລະ​ຄູກັນ​ນ້ຳ ຢູ່​ໃນ​ນະ​ຄອນ​ຫລວງ​ດັ່ງ​ກ່າວ ຖືວ່າບໍ່​ພຽງ​ພໍ​ທີ່​ຈະ​ຕ້ານ​ທານ​ກັບພາ​ຍຸ​ທີ່​ມີ​ຄວາມ​ແຮງ​ຂະ​ໜາດນັ້ນໄດ້ ອີງ​ຕາມຄຳ​ເວົ້າ​ຂອງ​ບັນ​ດາ​ນັກ​ເສດ​ຖະ​ສາດ​ຂອງ​ເຂດ​ເອ​ເຊຍ​ຕາ​ເວັນ​ອອກ​ສຽງ​ໃຕ້.

​ສະ​ພາບ​ຝົນ​ຕົກ ​ໃນ​ວັນ​ອັງ​ຄານ​ທີ່​ຜ່ານ​ມາ ທີ່ສູງ​ເຖິງ 377 ມີ​ລີ​ແມັດ​ ແມ່ນໄດ້​ທຳ​ລາຍ​ສະ​ຖິ​ຕິ​ນັບ​ແຕ່​ປີ 2007 ເປັນ​ຕົ້ນ​ມາ ອີງ​ຕາ​ມ​ໜັງ​ສື​ພິມ​ອິນ​ເຕີ​ແນັດ ຈາ​ກາ​ຕາໂພ​ສທ໌. ຝົນ​ໄດ້​ເຮັດ​ໃຫ້ເຮັດ​ໃຫ້​ເກີດ​ດິນ​ເຈື່ອນເຮັດ​ໃຫ້​ຜູ້​ຄົນ​ຕົກ​ຄ້າງ​ຢູ່​ໃນ​ເຮືອນແລະ​ບັງ​ຄັບ​ໃຫ້​ຫຼາຍກວ່າ 19,000 ຄົນ​ຕ້ອງຍົກ​ຍ້າຍ​ໜີ ອີງ​ຕາມ​ການ​ລາຍ​ງານ​ຂອງ​ຂ່າວ​ສານ​ຕ່າງໆ. ສະ​ຫະ​ພັນສະພາ​ກາ​ແດງໄດ້​ບັນ​ທືກ​ວ່າ ມີ 31,232 ຄົນ ທີ່ໄດ້ຫລົບ​ໄພ​ນ້ຳ​ຖ້ວມນີ້​.

"ພວກ​ເຮົາ​ແມ່ນ​ກະ​ທັ້ງ​ບໍ່​ສ​າ​ມາດ​ອອກ​ຈາກ​ເຮືອນ​ໄປ​ໃສ​ໄດ້​ເລີຍ ພວກ​ເຮົາຮູ້​ສຶກ​ກະ​ທັ້ງ ຄ້າຍ​ກັບວ່າ ​ຕົກ​ຢູ່​ກາງ​ສະ​ອັນ​ກວ້າງ​ໃຫຍ່'' ນັ້ນ​ ຄື​ຄຳ​ເວົ້າ​ຂອງ​ທ່ານ​ນາງ ປາ​ຣາ​ມິ​ຕາ ສຸ​ປາ​ມິ​ໂຈະ​ໂຕ ອາ​ຈານ​ສອນ​ວິ​ຊາພົວ​ພັນ​ຕ່າງ​ປະ​ເທດ​ຢູ່​ໃນ​ມະ​ຫາ​ວິ​ທະ​ຍາ​ໄລບີ​ນານູ​ຊານ​ຕາ​ຣາ ໃນ​ນະ​ຄອນ​ຫລວງ​ຈາ​ກາ​ຕາ.

The worst flooding in six years in Jakarta, Indonesia's capital, has killed more than 40 this week and focused attention on improving flood controls before the planned relocation of the capital.

Nonstop rainfallTuesday and Wednesday flooded 268 tracts in Indonesia, 158 in low-lying Jakarta, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies said on its website. Drainage and levees in the capital are considered inadequate for storms of that scale, Southeast Asian economists say.

Tuesday's rainfall reached 377 millimeters, a record since 2007, The Jakarta Post online said. The rains touched off landslides, trapped people in houses and prompted more than 19,000 to evacuate, local media reports say. The Red Cross federation put the number of displaced people at 31,232.

"We even couldn't get out of our house, we even felt like we were in the middle of a big pond,''said Paramita Supamijoto, an international relations lecturer at Bina Nusantara University in Jakarta.

Water levels inside her house topped out at about 40 centimeters above the floor, she told VOA by phone. "The water outside our house was higher, I think about 50 or 60 centimeters, almost half the height of the average adult," she said. It left a stench and trail of dirt after receding.

The Red Cross federation said flooding had injured 100 people. It called for donations of food, sleeping mats, baby kits, clean water and medicine. Some houses flooded up to their second stories.

Citizens of thecity of 11 million want the government to improve flood control work, although much has been done already, said Rajiv Biswas, Asia-Pacific chief economist at market research firm IHS Markit. President Joko Widodo in July suggested building a seawall around Jakarta, much of which is below sea level.

Officials may come out with a new "range of commitments" after the floods, Biswas said.

The biggest step would be relocation of the giant archipelago's capital to a site in East Kalimantan on Borneo Island. The president announced that move in August following three years of studies. The sparsely populated new site has a seaport, airport, low poverty levels and an educated population.

"I don't expect that this [flooding] in itself would be a cause of political unrest," Biswas said. "If anything, it would probably support the case that President Jokowi [Joko Widodo] has been pushing to build a new capital city, which will be in a very different location in another island, and one of the reasons for building that new city is to create a site that's less vulnerable to these risks of flooding and also other natural disasters."

Analysts caution, though, that relocation would take years. In the meantime, Jakarta would remain heavily populated and packed with visitors as the hub of government.

Jakarta is also known for air pollution and a dense population including families who live in lean-tos along riverbanks.

Housing shouldn't be built in flood zones and people should quit throwing trash in the rivers, Supamijoto said. She suggested that river channels be "normalized".

The urban drainage system struggles during major floods, Biswas said.

"Moving the capital is also a good idea but it cannot be done within a few minutes because Jakarta has been our capital for a long time and socially people already get used to it," Supamijoto said.

"And then if you would like to move us to [the new capital], that might be a lot of process, a lot of issues and we cannot guarantee that the new capital will be safe from flooding and other natural disasters," she said.

Jakarta is used to floods and should recover economically within a few weeks, said Marie Diron, managing director with Moody's Investors Service in Singapore. Flooding in January 2013 killed dozens and swamped Jakarta's central business district.

"We'll observe the speed of recovery, what measures are taken to remedy the impact of the flood," Diron said. Diron assumes Indonesia will return to "some sort of normal economic activity" within a few weeks and will take a second look at the country if not.

Rainfall is forecast to pick up over the next four to seven days, meaning "water levels will further increase," the Red Cross federation said.

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