ລິ້ງ ສຳຫລັບເຂົ້າຫາ

ເຈົ້າໜ້າທີ່ ສະຫະລັດ ຖືກສະມາຊິກ ສະພາສູງສໍ້ຖາມ ກ່ຽວ​ກັບ ການເອົາຊະນະ ກຸ່ມລັດອິສລາມ


ນຶ່ງ​ມື້​ຫລັງ​ຈາກປະທານາທິບໍດີ Barack Obama ​ໄດ້​ກ່າວຢ້ຳ
ເຖິງຄວາມໝັ້ນ​ໝາຍທີ່​ຈະ​ເອົາຊະນະພວກ​ຫົວ​ຮຸນ​ແຮງ​ລັດ​ອິສ
ລາມ ບັນດາ​ສະມາ​ຊິ​ກສະພາ ​ສູງສັງກັດພັກຣີພັບ​ບລິ​ກັນໄດ້
ສະ​ແດງຄວາມ​ບໍ່​ດີ​ໃຈ​ອອກມາກ່ຽວກັບຍຸດ​ທະ​ສາດ​ ຂອງລັດ
ຖະບານ. ນັກ​ຂ່າວວີ​ໂອ​ເອ Micheal Bowman ລາຍ​ງານວ່າ
ລັດຖະ ມົນຕີປ້ອງ​ກັນ​ປະ​ເທດທ່ານ Ash Carter ​ແລະປະ
ທານ​ເສນາ​ທິການ​ຮ່ວມຂອງ ກອງ​ທັບສະຫະລັດ ນາຍພົນ
Martin Dempsey ໄດ້ຖືກ​ຊັກ​ຖາມຢ່າງຂຸ້ນຂ້ຽວ ໂດຍຄະ
ນະ​ກຳມະການກອງທັບ​ ຂອງສະພາ​ສູງ ໃນການ​ຮັບຟັງ​ຄຳ
ໃຫ້ການເມື່ອວັນ​ອັງຄານ​ທີ່​ຜ່ານ​ມາ. ກິ່ງສະຫວັນມີລາຍລະ
ອຽດມາສະເໜີທ່ານກ່ຽວກັບເລື້ອງ ນີ້.

“ຄວາ​ມ​ເພີ້​ຝັນ” ​ເປັນ​ສິ່ງ​ທີ່​ປະທານຄະນະ​ກຳມະການກອງທັບ​ຂອງສະພາ​ສູງ ທ່ານ John
McCain ສະຫລຸບ​ກ່ຽວ​ກັບແຜນຂອງປະທານາທິບໍດີ ທີ່​ຈະ​ກຳຈັດພວກ​ຫົວ​ຮຸນ​ແຮງ ​ຢູ່​ໃນ
ອີຣັກ ​ແລະ​ຊີ​ເຣຍ​.

ທ່ານ McCain ກ່າວວ່າ “ພວກ​ເຮົາບໍ່​ໄດ້ຮັບ​ໄຊຊະນະ. ​ແລະ​ເວລາ​ໃດ​ທີ່ທ່ານ​ບໍ່​ໄດ້​ໄຊຊະ
ນະສົງຄາມແມ່ນທ່ານ​ເສຍ​ໄຊ​. ກຸ່ມ ISIL ບໍ່​ແມ່ນ​ສູງ​ເຖິງ 3 ​ແມັດ. ມັນ​ສາມາດ ​ແລະຈະ​
ຕ້ອງ​ເອົາ​ໄຊຊະນະໃຫ້​ໄດ້ ​ແຕ່​ວ່າ ນັ້ນ​ຈະ​ບໍ່​ເກີດ​ຂື້ນ ຖ້າ​ຫາກ​ພວກ​ເຮົາ ຍັງມີ​ຄວາມເພີ້ຝັນ​
​ໃນ​ຕົວ​ເຮົາ​ເອງ ກ່ຽວກັບ​ການ​ສູ້​ລົບ​ຂອງ​ເຮົາ​ໃນ​ປັດ​ຈຸ​ບັນ.”

ລັດຖະມົນຕີປ້ອງ​ກັນ​ປະ​ເທດ Carter ​ໄດ້​ໃຫ້​ລາຍ​ລະ​ອຽດ ກ່ຽວກັບວິທີການທີ່ ນຳໃຊ້
ຫລາຍໆ​ຢ່າງ.

“ທຳ​ອິດ ​ແລະເປັນທີ່ໂຕ້ຖຽງໄດ້ ແນວທາງທີ່​ສຳຄັນສຸດ ​ແມ່ນ​ຄວາມ​ພະຍາຍາມ​
ດ້ານ​ການເມືອງ​. ແນວທາງ​ດັ່ງກ່າວ​ນີ້ ພົວພັນ​ກັບ​ການເສີມ​ສ້າງ​ລັດຖະບານ ທີ່ມີ
ປະ
ສິດທິຜົນ​ຫລາຍຂື້ນ ປະກອບດ້ວຍ​ຫລາຍ​ຝ່າຍ ແລະທີ່ຫລາຍກຸ່ມສາສະໜາ
ຢູ່ໃນ​ອີຣັກ.”

ທ່ານ McCain ​ໄດ້​ໂຕ້​ຖຽງ​ວ່າ ຄວາມ​ພະຍາຍາມ​ດັ່ງກ່າວ ບໍ່​ເປັນ​ທີ່​ພຽງພໍ.

ສະມາຊິກ​ສະພາ​ສູງ McCain ກ່າວ​ວ່າ “ປະທານາທິບໍດີ ​ງົມງາຍວ່າ ເປັນຄວາມ​ຈິງ
ທີ່​ບໍ່​ມີ​ການ​ແກ້​ໄຂ​ທາງ​ທະຫານ ຕໍ່ກຸ່ມບັນຫາກຸ່ມ ISIL ຫລື​ບັນຫາ​ອຶ່ນ​ໆ. ສິ່ງ​ທີ່​
ທ່ານ
ຜິດ​ພາດຢູ່​ເລື້ອຍໆ ກໍຍ້ອນບໍ່ຫລິງເຫັນວ່າ ບາງ​ຄັ້ງບາງຄາວການ​ໃຊ້​ກຳລັງ
​ທະ
ຫານ​ທີ່​ສຳຄັນ ​ກໍສາມາດ​ບັນລຸ​ ການ​ແກ້​ໄຂ​ທາງດ້ານ​ການ​ເມືອງໄດ້."​

ນາຍ​ພົນ Dampsey ກ່າວ​ວ່າ ​ແຕ່​ໃດມາ ທ່ານ​ບໍ່​ໄດ້​ສະ​ເໜີ​ໃຫ້ສະຫະລັດ ສົ່ງ​ກຳລັງ
​ທະຫານ ທາງ​ພາກ​ພື້ນ​ດິນໄປສູ້ລົບ.

ນາຍ​ພົນ Dampsey ປະທານ​ເສນາ​ທິການ​ຮ່ວມຂອງກອງ​ທັບສະຫະລັດ ກ່າວ​ວ່າ
ສະຖຽນ​ລະ​ພາບທີ່ໝັ້ນຄົງ ບໍ່​ສາມາດ​ທີ່​ຈະບັງຄັບໃຫ້ມີຂຶ້ນໄດ້ ​ໃນພາກຕາ​ເວັນ​
ອອກ​ກາງ ຈາກ​ພາຍ​ນອກ​ເຂົ້າ​ໄປໃນ. ລູກປືນ​ເງິນພິ​ເສດ ກໍ​ຄື​ເຮັດ​ໃຫ້​ຊາວອີຣັກ
ທຳ​ການ​ຕໍ່ສູ້ເພື່ອໂຕເອງ.”

ສະມາຊິກພັກເດ​ໂມແຄຣັດ ໃນຄະນະ​ກຳມະການ ກ່າວ​ວ່າ ປະຫວັດສາດ ບໍ່​ຄວນ​ຈະ​ຊໍ້າ​
ຮອຍຄືນ​ອີກ.

ສະມາຊິກ​ສະພາ​ສູງ Jack Reed ກາວ​ວ່າ “ຫຼາຍໆພາກສ່ວນ​ແລະບຸກລະລິກ ລັກ
ສະນະທີ່​ປະກອບເປັນກຸ່ມ ISIL ນັ້ນສາມາດ​ນຳຮອຍກັບຄືນ​ໄປ​ຫາ​ການບຸກລຸກ

ໃນປີ 2003 ​ແລະຍຶດຄອງອີຣັກ.”

ຢູ່​ທີ່​ທຳນຽບຫ້າ​ແຈ ​ໃນ​ວັນ​ຈັນ​ທີ່​ຜ່ານມານີ້ ປະທານາທິບໍດີ Obama ​ໄດ້​ໃ​ຫ້ຂໍ້ ສັງ​ເກດ
ວ່າ ແນວໂຮມໄດ້​ປະຕິບັດ​ງານໂຈມຕີທາງອາກາດຫລາຍ​ກວ່າ 5000 ຖ້ຽວ​ ຕໍ່ທີ່​ໝັ້ນກຸ່ມ
ລັດອິສລາມ. ​ແຕ່​ທ່ານ​ໄດ້​ອະທິບາຍການ​ສູ້​ລົບວ່າ​ເປັນການດິ້ນ ລົນຂອງ “ຍຸກ​ສະ​ໄໝ”
ກັບ​ຄວາ​ມຄືບ​ໜ້າ ​ແລະ​ຖອຍຫລັງ​.

Republican senators vented frustrations over U.S. efforts to fight Islamic State radicals, also known as ISIL, and grilled Secretary of Defense Ash Carter and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Martin Dempsey, at an Armed Services Committee hearing Tuesday.

Senator John McCain, the committee's chairman, blasted as "delusional" President Barack Obama's reiteration of U.S. strategy at the Pentagon Monday.

"We are not winning. And when you are not winning in war, you are losing," McCain said. "ISIL is not 10-feet [3 meters] tall. It can be and must be defeated; but, that will never happen if we continue to delude ourselves about our current campaign."

Secretary Carter said America will deal IS "a lasting defeat" in Iraq and Syria through multiple lines of effort.

"The first and arguably the most critical line of effort is the political one," Carter said. "This line involves building more effective, inclusive and multi-sectarian governance in Iraq. At the same time, the United States continues to work diplomatically to bring about a political transition from Bashar al-Assad to a more inclusive [Syrian] government with which we can also work to defeat ISIL."

Some Republicans have long urged the deployment of U.S. Special Forces to help battle Islamic State fighters on the ground in Iraq. McCain criticized President Obama for ruling out ground combat forces.

"The president is fond of the truism that there is no military solution to ISIL or any other problem," McCain said. "What he has so often failed to realize is that there is sometimes a major military dimension to achieving a political solution."

Another Republican, Jeff Sessions, said President Obama's 2008 campaign pledge not to embroil the United States in another ground war in the Middle East must yield to current day realities.

"At some point, the president is going to have to change his mind," Sessions said. "He cannot just function based on a campaign promise when reality is different."

In the past, General Dempsey told the committee he would not hesitate to recommend combat forces if and when the situation requires them. So far, he said, he has made no such recommendation to the president.

"Military power alone, as we have said, will not solve ISIL," Dempsey said. "Enduring stability cannot be imposed in the Middle East from the outside in. The fight is enabled by the coalition, but it must be owned by those regional stakeholders."

The general added that Special Forces "are not a silver bullet to the destruction of ISIL. The silver bullet is getting the Iraqis to fight."

To that end, President Obama has boosted U.S. personnel to train and equip Iraqi soldiers. Earlier this year, Carter questioned the mettle of Iraq's security forces, saying they lack "the will to fight." At Tuesday's hearing, the defense secretary acknowledged that an effort to train moderate Syrian fighters had fallen short of recruiting goals.

The committee's top Democrat, Senator Jack Reed, said the current debate cannot ignore the history of America's involvement in Iraq.

"Many of the factors and personalities forming ISIL can be traced to the [2003] invasion and occupation of Iraq.," Reed said. "Planning for that war failed to account for deep-seated sectarian divisions between Sunni and Shia within the region, which gave rise to grievances that fueled the rise of ISIL."

At the Pentagon Monday, President Obama noted that coalition forces have conducted more than 5,000 airstrikes against Islamic State positions. He predicted a long-term struggle with progress and setbacks.

"Ideologies are not defeated with guns. They are defeated with better ideas," Mr. Obama said. "This larger battle for hearts and minds is going to be a generational struggle. It is ultimately not going to be won or lost by the United States alone. It will be decided by the countries and the communities that terrorists like ISIL [Islamic State] target."

Tuesday, Senator McCain summed up his critique this way: "Our means and our current level of effort are not aligned with our ends."

XS
SM
MD
LG