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ວັນອາທິດ, ໑໔ ເມສາ ໒໐໒໔

ເຈົ້າໜ້າທີ່ທຳນຽບຫ້າແຈ ຖືກສະມາຊິກສະພາສູງ ສອບຖາມ ເລື້ອງ ກຸ່ມລັດອິສລາມ

US Officials Grilled on Strategy to Defeat Islamic State
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ບັນດາ​ສະມາຊິກ​ສະພາ​ສູງ ພັກຣີ​ພັບ​ບລິ​ກັນ ​ໄດ້​ສະ​ແດງ​ຄວາມ
​ບໍ່ພໍ​ໃຈ​ກ່ຽວ​ກັບ ຄວາມ​ພະຍາຍາມ​ຂອງສະຫະລັດ ທີ່​ຈະ​ສູ້​ລົບ​
ກັບພວກ​ຫົວ​ຮຸນ​ແຮງ​ລັດ​ອິສລາມ ທີ່​ຮູ້​ກັນ​ອີກ​ຊື່ນຶ່ງວ່າ ISIL ນັ້ນ
​ແລະ​ໄດ້​ສໍ້​ຖາມລັດຖະມົນຕີ​ປ້ອງ​ກັນ​ປະ​ເທດທ່ານ Ash Carter
​ແລະ ປະທານ​ເສນາ​ທິການ​ຮ່ວມຂອງກອງ​ທັບສະຫະລັດ ນາຍ
​ພົນ Martin Dempsey ຢູ່​ໃນການຮັບຟັງຄຳໃຫ້ການຕໍ່ຄະນະ​
ກຳມະ ການກອງທັບ​ຂອງສະພາ​ສູງ ​ໃນ​ວັນ​ອັງຄານ​ວານ​ນີ້.

ສະມາຊິກ​ສະພາ​ສູງ Jonh McCain ປະທານ​ຄະນະ​ກຳມະການ
ໄດ້​ສະ​ແດງຄວາມ​ບໍ່ພໍ​ໃຈ​ວ່າ ເປັນຄວາມ “​ເພີ້​ຝັນ” ທີ່​ປະ​ທາ​ນາ​ທິ
ບໍດີ Barack Obama ໄດ້ກ່າວ​ຍໍ້າ​ເຖິງ​ຍຸດ​ທະ​ສາດສະຫະ​ລັດ ຢູ່​ທີ່​ທຳ​ນຽບຫ້າ​ແຈ ​ໃນ​ວັນ​ຈັນ​ທີ່​ຜ່ານ​ມາ.

ທ່ານ McCain ກ່າວ​ວ່າ “ພວກ​ເຮົາບໍ່​ໄດ້ັ້ຮັບ​ໄຊຊະນະ. ​ແລະ​ເວລາ​ໃດ​ທີ່ ທ່ານ​ບໍ່​ໄດ້​ໄຊຊະ
ນະ​ສົງຄາມ ທ່ານ​ເສຍ​ໄຊ​. ກຸ່ມ ISIL ບໍ່​ແມ່ນ​ສູງ​ເຖິງ 3 ​ແມັດ. ມັນ​ສາມາດ ​ແລະ​ຕ້ອງ​ເອົາ​ໄຊຊະນະ​ໄດ້ ​ແຕ່​ວ່າ ນັ້ນ​ຈະ​ບໍ່​ເກີດ​ຂື້ນ ຖ້າ​ຫາກ​ພວກ​ເຮົາ ຍັງມີເພີ້ຝັນ​ ​ໃນ​ຕົວ​ເຮົາ​ເອງ ກ່ຽວ

ລັດ​ຖະມົນ​ຕີ ປ້ອງ​ກັນ​ປະ​ເທດ ສະຫະລັດ ທ່ານ Carter ກ່າວ​ວ່າ ອາ​ເມຣິກາ ຈະ​ປະ​ເຊີນ​
ໜ້າກັບກຸມ IS ແລະ “​ເອົາ​ຊະນະ​ໃນ​ທີ່​ສຸດ” ຢູ່​ໃນ​ອີຣັກ ​ແລະ​ຊີ​ເຣຍ ຜ່ານ​ຫລາຍ​ແນວທາງ​

ທ່ານ Carter ກ່າວ​ວ່າ “ທຳ​ອິດ ​ແລະເປັນທີ່ໂຕ້ຖຽງໄດ້ແນວທາງທີ່​ສຳຄັນສຸດ ​ແມ່ນ​ຄວາມ​ພະຍາຍາມ​ດ້ານ​ການ​ເມືອງ​. ແນວທາງ​ດັ່ງກ່າວ​ນີ້ ພົວພັນ​ກັບ​ການ ເສີມ​ສ້າງ​ລັດຖະບານທີ່
ມີປະສິດທິຜົນ​ຫລາຍ​ຂື້ນ ປະກອບດ້ວຍ​ຫລາຍ​ຝ່າຍແລະ ​ທີ່ຫລາຍກຸ່ມສາສະໜາ ຢູ່ໃນ​
ອີຣັກ. ​ໃນ​ຂະນະ​ດຽວ​ກັນ ສະຫະລັດ ກໍຈະສືບຕໍ່ ດຳ​ເນີນງານ​ດ້ານ​ການ​ທູດ ​ເພື່ອ​ໃຫ້ມີ
ການປ່ຽນແປງ​ດ້ານ​ການ​ເມືອງ​ ຈາກທ່ານ Bashar al-Assad ​ໄປສູ່ລັດຖະບານ ທີ່ມີ
ຫລາຍພັກຝ່າຍ ​ໃນຊີ​ເຣຍ ​ທີ່​ເຮົາສາມາດ​ດຳເນີນງານໄດ້ເຊັ່ນດຽວກັນ ເພື່ອ​ເອົາ
​ໄຊຊະນະກຸ່ມ ISIL ໄດ້.

ສະມາຊິກພັກຣີ​ພັບ​ບລິ​ກັນຈຳນວນ​ນຶ່ງ ​ໄດ້ຮຽກຮ້ອງມາ​ເປັນ​ເວລາ​ດົນນານແລ້ວ ​ໃຫ້​ສົ່ງ
​ກຳລັງ​ພິ​ເສດ​ຂອງສະຫະລັດ ​ໄປ​ຊ່ວຍ​ສູ້​ລົບກັບພວກ​ນັກ​ລົບລັດ​ອິສລາມ ທາງ​ພາກ​ພື້ນ​
ດິນ​ໃນອີຣັກ. ທ່ານ McCain ​ໄດ້​ຕິຕຽນປະທານາທິບໍດີ Obama ​ໃນການ​ບໍ່​ເຫັນ​ດີໃຫ້​

Republican senators vented frustrations over U.S. efforts to fight Islamic State radicals, also known as ISIL, and grilled Secretary of Defense Ash Carter and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Martin Dempsey, at an Armed Services Committee hearing Tuesday.

Senator John McCain, the committee's chairman, blasted as "delusional" President Barack Obama's reiteration of U.S. strategy at the Pentagon Monday.

"We are not winning. And when you are not winning in war, you are losing," McCain said. "ISIL is not 10-feet [3 meters] tall. It can be and must be defeated; but, that will never happen if we continue to delude ourselves about our current campaign."

Secretary Carter said America will deal IS "a lasting defeat" in Iraq and Syria through multiple lines of effort.

"The first and arguably the most critical line of effort is the political one," Carter said. "This line involves building more effective, inclusive and multi-sectarian governance in Iraq. At the same time, the United States continues to work diplomatically to bring about a political transition from Bashar al-Assad to a more inclusive [Syrian] government with which we can also work to defeat ISIL."

Some Republicans have long urged the deployment of U.S. Special Forces to help battle Islamic State fighters on the ground in Iraq. McCain criticized President Obama for ruling out ground combat forces.

"The president is fond of the truism that there is no military solution to ISIL or any other problem," McCain said. "What he has so often failed to realize is that there is sometimes a major military dimension to achieving a political solution."

Another Republican, Jeff Sessions, said President Obama's 2008 campaign pledge not to embroil the United States in another ground war in the Middle East must yield to current day realities.

"At some point, the president is going to have to change his mind," Sessions said. "He cannot just function based on a campaign promise when reality is different."

In the past, General Dempsey told the committee he would not hesitate to recommend combat forces if and when the situation requires them. So far, he said, he has made no such recommendation to the president.

"Military power alone, as we have said, will not solve ISIL," Dempsey said. "Enduring stability cannot be imposed in the Middle East from the outside in. The fight is enabled by the coalition, but it must be owned by those regional stakeholders."

The general added that Special Forces "are not a silver bullet to the destruction of ISIL. The silver bullet is getting the Iraqis to fight."

To that end, President Obama has boosted U.S. personnel to train and equip Iraqi soldiers. Earlier this year, Carter questioned the mettle of Iraq's security forces, saying they lack "the will to fight." At Tuesday's hearing, the defense secretary acknowledged that an effort to train moderate Syrian fighters had fallen short of recruiting goals.

The committee's top Democrat, Senator Jack Reed, said the current debate cannot ignore the history of America's involvement in Iraq.

"Many of the factors and personalities forming ISIL can be traced to the [2003] invasion and occupation of Iraq.," Reed said. "Planning for that war failed to account for deep-seated sectarian divisions between Sunni and Shia within the region, which gave rise to grievances that fueled the rise of ISIL."

At the Pentagon Monday, President Obama noted that coalition forces have conducted more than 5,000 airstrikes against Islamic State positions. He predicted a long-term struggle with progress and setbacks.

"Ideologies are not defeated with guns. They are defeated with better ideas," Mr. Obama said. "This larger battle for hearts and minds is going to be a generational struggle. It is ultimately not going to be won or lost by the United States alone. It will be decided by the countries and the communities that terrorists like ISIL [Islamic State] target."

Tuesday, Senator McCain summed up his critique this way: "Our means and our current level of effort are not aligned with our ends."