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ຫົວ​ໜ້າ ສິດ​ທິ​ມະ​ນຸດ ສ​ປ​ຊ ຮຽກ​ຮ້ອງ ໃຫ້​ເປີດ ການ​ເຈ​​ລະຈາ ເພື່ອ​ຜ່ອນ​ຄາຍ ສະ​ຖາ​ນະ​ການ ໃນ​ເວ​ເນ​ຊູ​ເອ​ລາ


ຂ້າ​ຫຼວງ​ໃຫຍ່ ດ້ານ​ສິດ​ທິ​ມະ​ນຸດ ສ​ປ​ຊ ທ່ານ​ນາງ​ມີ​ແຊ​ລ ບາ​ເຊີ​ແລັດ ທີ່ກອງ​ປະ​ຊຸມ ຖະ​ແຫຼງ​ຂ່າວ ຢູ່​ນະ​ຄອນ​ເຈ​ນີ​ວາ ເມື່ອ​ວັນ​ທີ 5 ທັນ​ວາ ປີ 2018.

ຫົວ​ໜ້າ​ສິດ​ທິ​ມະ​ນຸດ​ຂອງ​ອົງ​ການ​ສະ​ຫະ​ປະ​ຊາ​ຊາດທ່ານ​ນາງມີ​ແຊ​ລ ບາ​ເຊີ​ແລັດໄດ້​ຮຽກ​ຮ້ອງ​ໃຫ້​ເປີດ​ການ​ເຈ​ລະ​ຈາ ເພື່ອ​ຫລຸດ​ຜ່ອນ​ຄວາມ​ຮ້າຍ​ແຮງ ກ່ຽວ​ກັບ​ສະຖາ​ນະ​ການ​ຢູ່​ໃນ​ເວ​ເນ​ຊູ​ເອ​ລາ ໂດຍ​ກ່າວ​ວ່າ “ອາດ​ຈະ​ຂະ​ຫຍາຍ​ວົງ​ກວ້າງ​ອອກ ຢ່າງວ່ອງ​ໄວ​ຈົນ​ບໍ່​ສາ​ມາດ​ຄວບ​ຄຸມ​ໄດ້ ຊຶ່ງ​ຈະ​ພາ​ໃຫ້​ເກີດ​ຜົນກະ​ທົບ ​ທີ່​ຮ້າຍ​ແຮງ​ຕິດ​ຕາມ​ມາ.

ທ່ານ​ນາງ​ບາ​ເຊີ​ແລັດ ໄດ້​ຮຽກ​ຮ້ອງ​ໃຫ້​ມີ​ການ​ສືບ​ສວນ​ຢ່າງ​ເປັນ​ອິດ​ສະ​ຫຼະ ກ່ຽວ​ກັບ​ລາຍ​ງານ​ຂ່າວ​ທີ່​ວ່າ ກຳ​ລັງ​ຮັກ​ສາ​ຄວາມ​ປອດ​ໄພ​ຂອງ​ເວ​ເນ​ຊູ​ເອ​ລາ ໄດ້​ສັງຫານ​ພວກ​ປະ​ທ້ວງ 20 ຄົນ ແລະ ຈັບ​ກຸມ​ອີກ​ຫຼາຍກວ່າ 350 ຄົນ ໃນ​ການ​ປະທ້ວງ​ໃນ​ອາ​ທິ​ດນີ້.

ປະ​ທາ​ນາ​ທິ​ບໍ​ດີ​ສະ​ຫະ​ລັດ ທ່ານ​ດໍ​ໂນ​ລ ທ​ຣຳ ໄດ້​ເຕືອນ​ທ່ານ​ມາ​ດູ​ໂຣ ຢ່າງ​ບໍ່​ມີ​ການ​ອ້ອມ​ຄ້ອມ​ ໃນ​ວັນ​ພະ​ຫັດ​ຜ່ານ​ມານີ້​ວ່າ “ທຸກ​ທາງ​ເລືອກ​ແມ່ນ​ຢູ່​ເທິງ​ໂຕະ” ຖ້າ​ຫາກ​ບໍ່​ມີ​ການ​ຫັນ​ປ່ຽນ​ໄປ​ສູ່​ປະ​ຊາ​ທິ​ປະ​ໄຕ​ຢ່າງ​ສັນ​ຕິ ຢູ່​ໃນ​ປະ​ເທດ​ດັ່ງ​ກ່າວ.

ໃນ​ມື້​ວັນ​ພຸດ​ຜ່ານ​ມານີ້ ປະທານາທິບໍດີ ທີ່​ເປັນ​ບັນ​ຫາ​ໂຕ້​ແຍ້ງຂອງ​ເວ​ເນ​ຊູ​ເອ​ລາ ທ່ານນິໂກລັສ ມາດູໂຣ ໄດ້​ສັ່ງ​ໃຫ້​ຕັດ​ຄວາມ​ສຳ​ພັນ​ທາງ​ດ້ານ​ການ​ທູດ​ກັບ​ສະ​ຫະລັດ ເພື່ອ​ເປັນ​ການ​ຕອບ​ໂຕ້ ຕໍ່​ການ​ປະ​ກາດ​ຂອງ​ປະ​ທາ​ນາ​ທິ​ບໍ​ດີ ດໍ​ໂນ​ລ ທ​ຣຳທີ່​ເວົ້າ​ວ່າ ສະ​ຫະ​ລັດ ​ໄດ້​ຮັບ​ຮູ້​ຢ່າງ​ເປັນ​ທາງ​ການ ຕໍ່​ການ​ທີ່​ປະ​ທານ​ສະ​ພາ​ແຫ່ງຊາດ ທ່ານ​ຮ​ວານ ກວາ​ອີ​ໂດ ເຂົ້າ​ກຳ​ຕຳ​ແໜ່ງ​ເປັນ​ຜູ້​ນຳ​ຊົ່ວ​ຄາວ​ຂອງ​ເວ​ເນ​ຊູ​ເອລາ.

ປະ​ທາ​ນາ​ທິ​ບໍ​ດີ​ເວ​ເນ​ຊູ​ເອ​ລາ ທ່ານ​ນິ​ໂກ​ລາ​ສ ມາ​ດູ​ໂຣ
ປະ​ທາ​ນາ​ທິ​ບໍ​ດີ​ເວ​ເນ​ຊູ​ເອ​ລາ ທ່ານ​ນິ​ໂກ​ລາ​ສ ມາ​ດູ​ໂຣ

ທ່ານ​ມາ​ດູ​ໂຣ ​ໄດ້​ສັ່ງ​ໃຫ້ ​ພວກ​ນັກ​ການ​ທູດ​ອາ​ເມ​ຣິ​ກັນ ອອກ​ຈາກ​ປະ​ເທດ​ພາຍ​ໃນເວລາ 72 ຊົ່ວໂມງ ແຕ່ແນວ​ໃດ​ກໍ​ຕາມລັດ​ຖະ​ມົນ​ຕີ​ການ​ຕ່າງ​ປະ​ເທດສະຫະ ລັດ ທ່ານ​ໄມ​ຄ໌ ພອມ​ພຽວ ກ່າວວ່າ ທ່ານມາດູໂຣ ບໍ່ມີອຳນາດທີ່ຈະເຮັດຈັ່ງຊັ້ນ ໄດ້ອີກແລ້ວ.

ໃນ​ວັນ​ພະ​ຫັດ​ວານນີ້ ໑໖ ປະ​ເທດ ໃນ​ຈຳ​ນວນ​ທັງ​ໝົດ ໓໔ ປະ​ເທດໃນ​ອົງ​ການ ຈັດ​ຕັ້ງ​ຂອງ​ບັນ​ດາ​ປະ​ເທດ​ໃນ​ທະ​ວີບ​ອາ​ເມ​ຣິ​ກາ ຫຼື OAS ໄດ້​ຮັບ​ຮູ້​ທ່ານກວາ​ອີໂດ ຜູ້​ນຳ​ຝ່າຍ​ຄ້ານ ພ້ອມ​ທັງ​ເປັນ​ປະ​ທານ​ສະ​ພາ​ແຫ່ງ​ຊາດ ໃນ​ຖາ​ນະ​ປະ​ທາ​ນາທິ​ບໍ​ດີ​ຊົ່ວ​ຄ​າວ​ຂອງ​ເວ​ເນ​ຊູ​ເອ​ລາ ຢູ່​ໃນ​ກອງ​ປະ​ຊຸມ​ສຸກ​ເສີນ​ຂອງ​ອົງ​ການ​ດັ່ງ​ກ່າວ.

ລັດ​ຖະ​ມົນ​ຕີ​ການ​ຕ່າງ​ປະ​ເທດ​ສະ​ຫະ​ລັດ ໄດ້​ຮຽກ​ຮ້ອງ​ໃຫ້​ບັນ​ດາ​ປະ​ເທດ​ສະ​ມາ​ຊິກ​ຂອ​ງ​ອົງ​ການ​ດັ່ງ​ກ່າວ ຄັດ​ຄ້ານ​ຕໍ່​ການ​ກະ​ທຳ “ທີ່​ຜິດ​ກົດ​ໝາຍ” ຂອງ​ມາ​ດູ​ໂຣ ແລະ​ສັນ​ຍາ​ຈະ​ໃຫ້​ເງິນ​ຊ່ວຍ​ເຫຼືອທາງ​ດ້ານ​ມະ​ນຸດ​ສະ​ທຳ 20 ລ້ານ ​ແກ່​ເວ​ເນ​ຊູ​ເອ​ລາ.

​ການ​ປະ​ທ້ວງ​ຕໍ່​ຕ້ານ​ລັດ​ຖະ​ບານ ທີ່​ນະ​ຄອນ​ຫຼວງ​ກາ​ຣາ​ກາ​ສ ຮຽກ​ຮ້ອງ​ໃຫ້​ປະ​ທາ​ນາ​ທິ​ບໍ​ດີ ມາ​ດູ​ໂຣ ລາ​ອອກ.
​ການ​ປະ​ທ້ວງ​ຕໍ່​ຕ້ານ​ລັດ​ຖະ​ບານ ທີ່​ນະ​ຄອນ​ຫຼວງ​ກາ​ຣາ​ກາ​ສ ຮຽກ​ຮ້ອງ​ໃຫ້​ປະ​ທາ​ນາ​ທິ​ບໍ​ດີ ມາ​ດູ​ໂຣ ລາ​ອອກ.

ລັດ​ຖະ​ມົນ​ຕີ​ການ​ຕ່າງ​ປະ​ເທດ​ສະ​ຫະ​ລັດ ກ່າວ​ວ່າ “ບັນ​ດາ​ປະ​ເທດ​ສະ​ມາ​ຊິກ​ທັງ​ໝົດ​ຂອງ​ອົງ​ການ OAS ຕ້ອງວາງ​ຕົນ​ເປັນ​ພາ​ຄີ​ກັບ​ປະ​ຊາ​ທິ​ປະ​ໄຕແລະ​ເຄົາ​ລົບ
ຕໍ່​ການ​ປົກ​ຄອງ​ດ້ວຍ​ຕົວ​ບົດ​ກົດ​ໝາຍ.”

ຂະ​ນະ​ດຽວ​ກັນ ກະ​ຊວງ​ການ​ຕ່າງ​ປະ​ເທດ​ສະ​ຫະ​ລັດກ່າວ​ວ່າ ຕົນ​ໄດ້​ຍົກ​ຍ້າຍ​ພະ​ນັກ​ງານ​ທີ່​ບໍ່​ມີຄວາມ​ຈຳ​ເປັນ​ອອກຍ້ອນ​ເຫດ​ຜົນ​ທາງ​ດ້ານ​ຄວາມ​ປອດ​ໄພແລະ​ປະ ​ຊາ​ຊົນ​ອາເມ​ຣິ​ກັນຄວນ ພິຈາ​ລະ​ນາ ເດີນ​ທາງ​ອອກ​ຈາກ​ປະ​ເທດ​ດັ່ງ​ກ່າວ ແຕ່​ກໍບໍ່​ໄດ້​ປະ​ກາດ​ປິດ​ສະ​ຖານ​ທູດສະ​ຫະ​ລັດ ທີ່​ນະ​ຄອນ​ກາ​ຣາ​ກາ​ສ.

U.N. rights chief Michelle Bachelet has called for talks to defuse the situation in Venezuela, saying that it "may rapidly spiral out of control with catastrophic consequences."

Bachelet also called for an independent investigation into reports that Venezuelan security forces had killed 20 people and detained more than 350 in protests this week.

United States President Donald Trump bluntly warned Maduro Thursday that "all options are on the table" if there is not a peaceful transition to democracy in the South American country.

On Wednesday, Venezuela's disputed president Nicolas Maduro said he was ending diplomatic relations with the United States in response to Trump's announcement that the U.S. was officially recognizing National Assembly President Juan Guaido as Venezuela's interim leader, as Guaido declared himself interim president during a day of mass demonstrations.

Maduro ordered U.S. diplomats to leave within 72 hours. U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, however, said Maduro no longer has the authority to issue orders.

Thursday, 16 of the 34 nations in the Organization of American States (OAS) recognized Guaido, the opposition head of the National Assembly, as the interim president of Venezuela at an emergency session.

U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo urged members to oppose the "illegitimate'' Maduro and pledged to make $20 million available for humanitarian assistance to Venezuela.

"All OAS member states must align themselves with democracy and respect for the rule of law," the top U.S. diplomat said.

Meanwhile, the State Department ordered non-emergency personnel to leave Venezuela, but is not closing its embassy in Caracas.

The department said it was ordering the evacuating for security reasons, and that U.S. citizens should "strongly consider" leaving the country.

More sanctions possible

White House officials emphasized that Trump is not ruling out any response, such as a naval blockade or other military action, if Maduro unleashes violence against protesters or takes action against Guaido.

The most immediate action by Washington likely would be enhanced sanctions against members of Maduro's government.

"In our sanctions, we've barely scratched the surface on what actions the United States can take," said a senior administration official.

Several nations have joined the U.S. in recognizing Guaido as Venezuela's interim president, including Canada and 11 of the 14 members of the newly formed Lima Group of Latin nations, among them Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala and Peru.

French President Emmanuel Macron called Venezuela's elections "illegitimate" in a Tweet on Thursday, and saluted the bravery of Venezuelans demanding freedom.

United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres warned Thursday the situation in Venezuela could descend into "disaster" if the country's main political rivals fail to reach an agreement.

Speaking Thursday at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Guterres said the U.N. hopes "dialogue can be possible, and that we avoid an escalation that would lead to the kind of conflict that would be a disaster" for the people of Venezuela and the region.

Warnings from Russia, China

But officials in Russia, one of Venezuela's biggest allies, reacted with anger Thursday at the United States and other Western nations for backing Guaido, accusing them of interfering in its internal affairs. Russia's Foreign Ministry warned the United States against any military intervention, saying such a move would have "catastrophic" consequences.

China urged the United States to stay out of the crisis. Beijing and Moscow have extensive economic interests, having loaned Caracas billions of dollars.

Bolivia, Cuba, Iran and Syria also have issued statements throwing their support behind Maduro.

The three member nations of the Lima Group that have not supported Guaido are Guyana, Saint Lucia and Mexico.

"From a constitutional, humanitarian, and democratic perspective — and according to international law — there was no option left for the United States and the international community but to recognize Juan Guaido as the interim president of Venezuela," Moises Rendon, associate director and associate fellow of the CSIS Americas Program, told VOA.

Venezuela and its state-owned oil company, PDVSA, are estimated to owe $7 billion on a combined trade debt of about $60 billion. The country's oil-based economy, which is wracked by hyperinflation, has collapsed.

ທ່ານອາດຈະມັກເລື້ອງນີ້ຄືກັນ

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