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ຈີນ ​​ເສັດ​ສິ້ນ​ ການ​ສ້າງ​ກຳ​ປັ່ນ​ພະ​ຍາ​ບານ ຂະ​ໜາດ 14,300 ໂຕນ


ກຳ​ປັ່ນ​ພະ​ຍາ​ບານ ກອງ​ທັບ​ເຮືອ​ຈີນ "The Peace Ark" ເດີນ​ທາງ​ໄປ​ເຖິງ​ທ່າເຮືອ la Guaira, ປະ​ເທດ​ເວ​ເນ​ຊ​ູ​ເອ​ລາ ວັນ​ທີ 22, ກັນ​ຍາ 2018.

ຈີນ ​ໄດ້​ສຳ​ເລັດ​ເສັດ​ສິ້ນ​ວຽກ​ງານ ໃນ​ການ​ສ້າງ​ກຳ​ປັ່ນ​ພະ​ຍາ​ບານ​ທີ່ເອີ້ນວ່າ ​ກຳ​ປັ່ນ​ສັນ​
ຕິ​ພາບຫຼື “Peace Ark” ຂະ​ໜາດ 14,300 ໂຕນ ຊຶ່ງ​ສາ​ມາດ​ໄປ​ຊ່ວຍກູ້​ໄພ​ເຮືອ​ຕ່າງ
ປະ​ເທດທີ່​ຮ້ອງ​ຂໍ​ການ​ຊ່ວຍ​ເຫຼືອ ບາງ​ທີ​ອາດ​ຈະ​ຢູ່​ໃນ​ເຂດ​ທີ່​ມີ​ການຂັດ​ແຍ້ງ​ກັນ​ຫຼາຍ​ທີ່​
ສຸ​ດໃນ​ເອ​ເຊຍ ເພື່ອ​ປັບ​ປຸງຊື່​ສຽງ​ທີ່​ບໍ່​ຄ່ອຍ​ດີ​ປານ​ໃດ ​ສຳ​ລັບ​ລັດ​ຖະ​ບານ​ຂອງ​ປະ​ເທດ
​ຕ່າງໆ​ຢູ່​ໃນ​ຂົງ​ເຂດ.ປັກ​ກິ່ງ​ໄດ້​ສ້າງ​ຄວາມ​ບໍ່​ພໍ​ໃຈ​ໃຫ້​ແກ່​ຫຼາຍໆ​ປະ​ເທດ​ໃນ​ເອ​ເຊຍ ນັບ
​ແຕ່​ປີ2010 ເປັນ​ຕົ້ນ​ມາ ໂດຍ​ຖົມ​ເກາະ​ຖົມ​ດອນ​ນ້ອຍໆ​ຈຳ​ນວນ​ນຶ່ງຢູ່​ທະ​ເລ​ຈີນ​ໃຕ້​ທີ່
​ມີ​ການຂັດ​ແຍ້ງ​ກັນ ເພື່ອ​ນຳ​ໃຊ້​ທາງ​ທະ​ຫານ. ບ​ຣູ​ນາຍ ມາ​ເລ​ເຊຍ ໄຕ້​ຫວັນ ຫວຽດ-
ນາມ ແລະ​ຟີ​ລິບ​ປິນ ຕ່າງ​ກໍ​ອ້າງ​ເອົາ​ກຳ​ມະ​ສິດກວມ​ກັນກັບ ໃນ​ທະ​ເລ​ຈີນ​ໃຕ້​ທີ່ກວ້າງ 3
ລ້ານ 5 ແສນ​ຕາ​ລາງ​ກິ​ໂລ​ແມັດ. ຈີນ​ອ້າງວ່າ 90 ເປີ​ເຊັນ​ຂອງ​ທະເລ​ຈີນ​ໃຕ້ ເປັນ
​ຂອງ​ຕົນ.

ກຳ​ປັ່ນ​ພະ​ຍາ​ບານ ​ທີ່​ຍາວ 178 ແມັດ ທີ່​ເລີ້ມ​ສ້າງ​ໃນ​ປີ 2008 ຈະ​ສະ​ໜອງ​ການ​ປະ​ຕິ
ບັດ​ງານ​ເພື່ອ​ຊ່ວຍ​ເຫຼືອ​ທາງ​ດ້ານ​ມະ​ນຸດ​ສະ​ທຳ​ຂອງ​ລະ​ຫວ່າງ​ປະ​ເທດ ສະ​ໜອງ​ຕອບ
​ຕໍ່​ການ​ຮ້ອງ​ຂໍ​ຄວາມ​ຊ່ວຍ​ເຫຼືອ​ດ້ານ​ໄພ​ພິ​ບັດ ແລະ​ໃຫ້​ການ​ແລກປ່ຽນ​ໃນ​ການ​ສຶກ​ສາ​
ດ້ານ​ການ​ແພດ ອີງ​ຕາມ​ລາຍ​ງານ​ອົງ​ການ​ຂ່າວ​ຊິນ​ຫົວຂອງທາງ​ການ​ຈີນ.

ແຕ່​ແນວ​ໃດ​ກໍ​ຕາມ ທ່ານ​ຈຸງ ຫງຽນ ​ຫົວ​ໜ້າ​ດ້ານ​ຄວາມ​ສຳ​ພັນ​ລະ​ຫວ່າງ​ປະ​ເທດຂອງ​
ພະ​ແນກ​ສັງ​ຄົມ​ສາດ​ແລະ​ມະ​ນຸດ​ສະ​ທຳ ທີ່​ມະ​ຫາ​ວິ​ທະ​ຍາ​ໄລ​ໂ​ຮ່​ຈິ​ມິນ ກ່າວ​ວ່າ “ຂ້າ​ພະ​
ເຈົ້າ​ຄິດ​ວ່າ ພວກ​ເຂົາ​ຕ້ອງ​ການ​ຢາກ​ໃຫ້​ພາບ​ພົດ​ຂອງ​ພວກ​ເຂົາ​ດີ​ຂຶ້ນເຊັ່ນ​ວ່າ​ເປັນ
​ປະ​ເທດ​ຍັກ​ໃຫຍ່​ທີ່​ດີ​ຂອງ​ຂົງ​ເຂດ. ພວກ​ເຂົາ​ຕ້ອງ​ການ​ຢາກ​ໃຫ້​ປະເທດ​ອື່ນໆ​ກາງ​ຕໍ່​
ອາ​ໄສ​ພວກ​ເຂົາ ວ່າ​ເປັນ​ປະ​ເທດ​ນຶ່ງ​ທີ່​ສາ​ມາດ​ຄຸ້ມ​ຄອງ​ພວກ​ເຂົາແທນ​ສະ​ຫະ​ລັດ​ຢູ່​ໃນ​
ຂົງ​ເຂດ.”

ກຳ​ປັ່ນ​ພະ​ຍາ​ບານ​ສີ​ຂາວ​ຂອງ​ຈີນ​ລຳ​ນີ້ ຈະ​ບໍ​ລິ​ຫານ​ງານ​ໂດຍກອງ​ທັບ​ເຮືອ​ປົດ​ປ່ອຍ
​ປະ​ຊາ​ຊົນ​ຈີນ ໂດຍ​ມີ​ລວງ​ສູງ 35 ແມັດ​ເຄິ່ງ ແລະ​ມີ 8 ຊັ້ນ​ ອີງ​ຕາມ​ລາຍ​ງານ​ຂອງ​ອົງ​
ການ​ຂ່າວ​ຊິນ​ຫົວ.

ທ່ານ​ຄາ​ລ ເທ​ເຢີ (Carl Thayer) ສາ​ສະ​ດາ​ຈານ​ທີ່​ຊົງ​ຄຸນ​ນະ​ວຸດ​ທິ​ຂອງ​ມະ​ຫາ​ວິ​ທະ​
ຍາ​ໄລນິວ​ຊາວ​ທ໌​ເວ​ລ​ສ໌ ໃນ​ອອ​ສ​ເຕ​ຣ​ເລຍ ກ່າວ​ວ່າ ເຈົ້າ​ໜ້າ​ທີ່​ຈີນ​ອາດ​ຈະຫວັງ​ວ່າ ກຳ​
ປັ່ນຂອງ​ຕົນ​ ໃນ​ທີ່​ສຸດ​ ກໍ​ຈະ​ສາ​ມາດ​ປຽບ​ທຽບ​ໃສ່​ກັບ ກຳ​ປັ່ນ​ພະ​ຍາ​ບານ USNS
Mercy ຂອງ​ອາ​ເມ​ຣິ​ກັນ.

China has finished work on a 14,300-ton medical vessel, dubbed the "Peace Ark," that can rescue distressed foreign boats, possibly in Asia's most heavily disputed sea, and help improve Beijing's tattered reputation among regional governments.


Beijing has upset a swathe of Asia since 2010 by landfilling small islets in the contested South China Sea for military use. Brunei, Malaysia, Taiwan Vietnam and the Philippines all overlap parts of the Chinese claims to the 3.5 million-square-kilometer sea. China calls about 90% of the sea its own.

The 178-meter-long "hospital" ship that began production in 2008 will provide international "humanitarian" aid, respond to natural disasters and carry out medical study exchanges, Chinese state-run Xinhua News Agency reported on Friday.

"I think that they want to polish their image, like a benign giant in the region," said Trung Nguyen, international relations dean at Ho Chi Minh University of Social Sciences and Humanities. "They want other countries to be reliant on them as the one who can take care of them to replace the U.S. in the region."

The white colored Chinese hospital ship, to be operated by the People's Liberation Army navy, stands 35.5 meters high and has eight decks, Xinhua reports.

Chinese officials may hope their vessel can eventually compare to the USNS Mercy, an American hospital ship, said Carl Thayer, emeritus professor of politics at The University of New South Wales in Australia.
The USNS Mercy, based in San Diego, supports American troops including the Marines and can give humanitarian care during peacetime. The U.S. Pacific Fleet said in 2016 the Mercy would be sent to Asia, including Vietnam and the Philippines, for disaster relief exercises. It carries personnel from multiple countries on some missions Thayer said.

The Peace Ark may be gearing up to do the same, he said.
"It can serve like the U.S. ship for being included in a task force or responding to a natural disaster," Thayer said. "It doesn't have to be China only. It could be a coalition of states, so China is now up in the big leagues."

Rival maritime claimants lack Beijing's military power or technology in the sea stretching from Borneo to Hong Kong. On three major islets in the sea's Spratly Islands, China has built runways and military aircraft hangars, according to an initiative under U.S. think tank Center for Strategic & International Studies.
China also operates drones over the sea, and in August an 8,000-ton transport ship passed trials that could let it ferry supplies to the islets.

China's hospital ship will join other military hardware to "protect their reach of sovereignty" over the sea even as it helps the "public good," said Oh Ei Sun, senior fellow with the Singapore Institute of International Affairs.

All claimants prize the tropical sea for fisheries, energy reserves and shipping lanes. China and Vietnam have clashed there periodically since the 1970s. The Philippines is growing testier about Chinese activity in the Spratly chain, where Manila also claims 10 islets.

Pressured from abroad to get along better with the other claimants, China began in 2016 offering investment and aid to some of the Southeast Asian countries.

The 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations is pushing now for a maritime code of conduct to head of maritime mishaps, and the U.S. government regularly sends naval ships to warn China against excluding other countries from the waterway.
"If China were to improve their image (and) their relations with the rest of southeast Asian South China Sea claimants, then they have to provide more public goods in the form of, for example, something just like this, medical ships," Oh said.

The hospital ship may in its early days make a "showpiece" rescue such as rushing 1,000 miles to save a fisherman, Oh forecast.
But in Vietnam, the country that most vehemently opposes Chinese control over the sea, the government will probably be "reserved" about the hospital ship because it remains "suspicious of Chinese intentions," Nguyen said.

ທ່ານອາດຈະມັກເລື້ອງນີ້ຄືກັນ

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