ລິ້ງ ສຳຫລັບເຂົ້າຫາ

ສຫລ ແລະ ອິນໂດເນເຊຍ ​ຕົກລົງ​ ຂະຫຍາຍ ການຮ່ວມມື ທາງຍຸດທະສາດ ​ແບບ​ລົງ​ເລິກ


ປະທານາທິບໍດີ Barack Obama ສຳພັດມືກັບ ປະທານາທິບໍດີ ອິນໂດເນເຊຍ ທ່ານ Joko Widodo ລະຫວ່າງການພົບປະກັນ ທີ່ທໍານຽບຂາວ ໃນນະຄອນຫລວງວໍຊິງຕັນ.

ປະທານາທິບໍດີ Barack Obama ສຳພັດມືກັບ ປະທານາທິບໍດີ ອິນໂດເນເຊຍ ທ່ານ Joko Widodo ລະຫວ່າງການພົບປະກັນ ທີ່ທໍານຽບຂາວ ໃນນະຄອນຫລວງວໍຊິງຕັນ.

ສະຫະລັດ ​ແລະ ອິນ​ໂດ​ເນ​ເຊຍ ​ໄດ້​ຕົກລົງ​ກັນ ​ທີ່​ຈະ​ຂະຫຍາຍ​
ການ​ຮວມມື ​ແບບ​ລົງ​ເລິກ ຫລັງ​ຈາກ​ການ​ສົນທະນາ​ກັນທີ່ທຳ
ນຽບຂາວກ່າ​ວວ່າ ​ເປັນ​ພາກ​ສ່ວນໃນຄວາມພະຍາຍາ​ມ ​ເພື່ອ​
ສ້າງ​ຄວາມ​ກໍ້າ​ເກິ່ງ​ໄປ​ສູ່​ຂົງເຂດເອ​ເຊຍປາຊິ​ຟິກ. ປະທານາທິ
ບໍດີ Barack Obama ​ໄດ້ພົບ​ປະ​ກັບ ປະທານາທິບໍດີອິນໂດ
​ເນ​ເຊຍ ທ່ານ Joko Widodo ​ໃນ​ວັນ​ຈັນ​ວານ​ນີ້.

ຫົວ​ຂໍ້​ຂອງ​ການ​ຫາ​ລື ​ແມ່ນ​ຮວມທັງການ​ປ່ຽນແປງຂອງ​ດິນ​ຟ້າ​ອາກາດ ຄວາມ ໝັ້ນຄົງ
ການຄ້າ ການ​ກໍ່​ການ​ຮ້າຍ ​ແລະ​ການ​ຮວມມື​ທາງ​ທະ​ເລ​.

ຫລັງ​ຈາກ​ການ​ພົບ​ປະກັນ ທ່ານ Obama ຮ້ອງ​ອິນ​ໂດ​ເນ​ເຊຍວ່າ​ເປັນ “​ພາຄີ ​ດ້ານຍຸດ
​ທະສາດ​ທີ່​ສຳຄັນ” ຢູ່​ໃນ​ຂົງ​ເຂດ. ທ່ານ​ໄດ້​ໃຫ້​ຂໍ້​ສັງ​ເກດ​ວ່າ ​ເປັປະ​ເທດ​ ​ ປະຊາທິປະ​ໄຕ ທີ່
​ໃຫຍ່​ທີ່​ສຸດ​ປະ​ເທດ​ນຶ່ງໃນ​ໂລກ​ ທີ່​ມີ​ປະຊາກອນ​ປະມານ 250 ລ້ານຄົນ ​ເປັນ​ປະ​ເທດ​ມຸສ
ລິ​ມ ຊຶ່ງ​ແຕ່​ໃດໆ​ມາ​ແມ່ນ​ນິຍົມ​ແນວທາງປານ​ກາງ ແລະ ​ມີ​ການ​ອະນຸ​ໂລມ​ຜ່ອນຜັນ ບົດ
ບາດ​ຂອງການ​ເປັນ​ຜູ້ນຳ​ຢູ່ນຳຢູ່​ໃນ​ຂົງ​ເຂດ ​ແລະ ບົດບາດ​ທາງ​ດ້ານການຄ້າ ການ​ພານິດ
​ແລະ ການພັດ​ທະນາ​ດ້ານເສດຖະກິດ ຂອງ​ຈາ​ກາ​ຕ້າ.

ປະທານາທິບໍດີອິນ​ໂດ​ເນ​ເຊຍທີ່​ມັກ​ໃຫ້​ຮ້ອງວ່າ Jokowi ນັ້ນ ກ່າວ​ວ່າ ປະ​ເທດ​ຂອງທ່າ​ນ
​ແມ່ນ​ “​ເສດຖະກິດທີ່​ເປີດ​ກວ້າງ. ພວກ​ເຮົາ​ເປັນ​ປະ​ເທດ​ເສດຖະກິດ ທີ່ໃຫຍ່​ສຸດ​ໃນ​ເອ​ເຊຍ
​ຕາ​ເວັນ​ອອກສຽງ​ໃຕ້ ທ່ານ​ກ່າ​ວອີກ​ວ່າ “ອິນ​ໂດ​ເນ​ເຊຍ ມີ​ຄວາມ​ຕັ້ງ​ໃຈ​ທີ່​ຈະ​ເຂົ້າຮວມຂໍ້
ຕົກລົງ​ພາ​ຄີ​ຂ້າມ​ມະຫາ​ສະມຸດ​ປາຊິ​ຟິກຫລື TPP.

ອິນ​ໂດ​ເນ​ເຊຍ ແມ່ນ​ປະກອບ​ເປັນ​ເຄິ່ງໜຶ່ງ​ຂອງ​ເສດຖະກິດ ​ໃນ​ເຂດ​ເອ​ເຊຍ​ຕາ​ເວັນ​ອອກ
ສຽງ​ໃຕ້ ​ແຕ່​ທ່ານ Murray Heibert ທີ່​ສູນ​ກາງ​ຍຸດ​ທະ​ສາດ ​ແລະ​ການ​ສຶກສານາ​ໆ​ຊາດ
ກ່າວ​ວ່າ ປະ​ເທດ​ດັ່ງກ່າວ ​ເປັນປະ​ເທ​ດທີ່​ປົກປ້ອງ​ອຸດສາ ຫະກຳ​ພາຍ​ໃນ​ປະ​ເທດ​ສູງ​ຫຼາຍ.

ທ່ານ​ກ່າວ​ວ່າ “ລະດັບການ​ຄ້າ ​ກັບສະຫະລັດ ​ແມ່ນຢູ່​ໃນ​ລະດັບດຽວ​ກັນ​ກັບປະ​ເທດ
Honduras ​ແລະ ​ບາງ​ປະ​ເທດ​ໃນອາ​ເມ​ຮິ​ກາ​ກາງ. ມີປະຊາກອນ​ 250 ລ້ານ​ຄົນ. ​ແຕ່
ນັ້ນ​ເປັນ​ການ​ຄ້າ​ທີ່ນ້ອຍ​ແລະ​ໜ້າ​ສັງ​ເວດ.”

​ເຖິງ​ແມ່ນວ່າ ທ່ານ Jokowi ​ໄດ້​ສະ​ແດງ​ຄວາມ​ສົນ​ໃຈ​ການ​ເຂົ້າ​ຮ່ວມ ຂໍ້ຕົກລົງ​ພາ​ຄີ​ຂ້າມ
​ມະຫາ​ສະມຸດ​ປາຊິ​ຟິກກໍ​ຕາມ ​ແຕ່ທ່ານ​ຍັງ​ປະ​ເຊິ​ນໜ້າ​ກັບການ​ຄັດຄ້ານ​ຢ່າງ​ແຂ​ງຂັນ​ ຢູ່​ທີ່
​ປະ​ເທດ​ຂອງທ່ານ.

It is possible but not yet confirmed that Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and South Korean President Park Geun-hye will meet November 2nd during the first trilateral summit of leaders from China, Japan and South Korea to be held since 2012.

The South Korean presidential office announced the proposed bilateral Monday.Abe will be in Seoul Nov. 1st and 2nd for the trilateral but has not yet responded to Park's request to hold a one-on-one meeting with her on the summit sidelines.

One Japanese newspaper suggested that Tokyo and Seoul are still negotiating over how to handle the contentious "comfort women" issue.

President Park, who took office in 2013, had until now refused to hold a formal meeting with Prime Minister Abe until he offered a "sincere apology" and compensation to the thousands of Asian "comfort women" forced into prostitution by Japan's military during its colonization of much of Asia until the end of World War II.

Abe's Japanese nationalist supporters have stirred public protests in South Korea and China by suggesting many of the women were not forced but voluntarily worked in military brothels for financial gain.

But in August Park indicated she would overlook Abe's omissions and focus instead on his promise to uphold past Japanese apologies including the 1993 Kono Statement that offered apologies and remorse to comfort women.

Trilateral planning continues

China will be represented at the summit by Premier Li Keqiang who will be in Seoul Oct. 31st to Nov. 2nd. No explanation was given as to why the heads of state from Japan and South Korea will meet with Premier Li and not with Chinese head of state President Xi Jinping.

In 2008 the three major Northeast Asian leaders began to meet on an annual basis but after 2012 the summits were suspended because of intensifying territorial disputes.

China and Japan hold conflicting claims to uninhabited islands in the East China Sea, called the Senkakus in Japan and the Diaoyu in China.

Japan and South Korea have their own ongoing dispute over two islets, called Takeshima in Japan and Dokdo in South Korea.

However Japan's seeming unrepentant attitude under Abe over its wartime past has intensified regional resentment and anger against Tokyo.

Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said Monday that this issue will be addressed at the summit.

"We hope each side can properly handle the historical issues by facing up to history squarely and working together for the future," said Hua.

Regional security

Japan analyst Hosaka Yuji, a political science professor at Sejong University does not expect any further concessions from Abe on this issue.Instead he says Park has decided it is time to move on to more pressing concerns.

"It is not appropriate nor in South Korea's national interest to stop working on other diplomatic issues to focus exclusively on the comfort women issue," Hosaka said.

Washington has been urging its two major military allies in Asia to reconcile so as to improve regional security coordination.

Japan strongly supports U.S. efforts to protect freedom of navigation in the Pacific and to counter China's aggressive claims on the South China Sea.

The U.S. Navy Tuesday sent a warship within 12 nautical miles of artificial islands built by China in the South China Sea.

South Korea however has been reluctant to criticize China so as to maintain Beijing's support for sanctions against Pyongyang.

North Korea nuclear threat

Seoul and Tokyo both support Washington's position that Pyongyang must first halt its nuclear development program before any new international talks to ease sanctions and increase economic assistance can begin.

Beijing however may support more positive outreach given Pyongyang's recent good behavior and restraint in holding off on missile and nuclear tests.

"In order to resolve the North Korea issue, China may have a strategy to put brakes on South Korea, the United States and Japan." Hosaka said.

South Korea and China have also voiced concerns over Japan's recent security legislation, which authorizes the military to protect japanese interests and assist its ally Washington in times of crisis.Seoul wants to clarify that Tokyo still needs its permission to enter Korean territory.

The U.S. led Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement will also likely be discussed. Japan is one of the 12 member countries of the regional free trade agreement that would cover 40% of world trade.

South Korea has expressed interest in joining the TPP.China is not part of the pact and the TPP is seen by some as a way to counter China's growing economic power.

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