ລິ້ງ ສຳຫລັບເຂົ້າຫາ

ສະຫະລັດ ແລະຄິວບາມີກຳນົດທີ່ຈະບັນລຸຂີດໝາຍສຳຄັນໃນ
ຄວາມສຳພັນດ້ານການທູດ ໃນມື້ວັນຈັນຈະມານີ້. ປະເທດທັງ ຈະເປີດສະຖານທູດຂອງຕົນຢ່າງເປັນທາງການ ຊຶ່ງເປັນນຶ່ງໃນ
ບັນດາການເຄື່ອນໄຫວທີ່ມີມາເປັນລຳດັບເມື່ອໄວໆມານີ້ ເພື່ອ
ປັບປຸງຄວາມສຳພັນທີ່ໄດ້ຊຸດໂຊມລົງມາເປັນເວລາ 50 ກວ່າປີ.

ການເປີດສະຖານທູດຄືນ ແມ່ນຈຸດສຸດຍອດໃນການເຈລະຈາຫຼັງສາກ ລະຫວ່າງປະເທດ ທັງສອງ. ການເຈລະຈາດັ່ງກ່າວ ພາໃຫ້ມີການປະກາດຢ່າງເປັນທາງການຂອງປະທານາ ທິບໍດີບາຣັກ ໂອບາມາ ເມື່ອເດືອນທັນວາປີກາຍນີ້ວ່າ ສະຫະລັດຈະດຳເນີນງານເພື່ອສ້າງ ຕັ້ງຄວາມສຳພັນແບບປົກກະຕິກັບຄິວບາ.

ທ່ານ William LeoGrande ນັກຊ່ຽວຊານທີ່ມະຫາວິທະຍາໄລ American University
ກ່າວວ່າ ການປ່ຽນແປງດັ່ງກ່າວ ສ່ວນນຶ່ງແລ້ວແມ່ນເປັນຜົນມາຈາກການກົດດັນຂອງຕ່າງ ປະເທດ.

ທ່ານເວົ້າວ່າ “ພວກຜູ້ນຳອາເມຣິກາລາຕິນ ທີ່ຈິງແລ້ວ ແມ່ນຮູ້ສຶກຜິດຫວັງ ກັບນະໂຍບາຍ ສົງຄາມເຢັນ ທີ່ລ້າສະໄໝດັ່ງກ່າວ ແລະພວກເຂົາເຈົ້າ ໄດ້ສະແດງໃຫ້ປະທານາທິບໍດີຮູ້ ຢູ່ ທີ່ກອງປະຊຸມສຸດຍອດຂອງບັນດາປະເທດໃນທະວີບອາເມຣິກາທີ່ເມືອງ Cartagena ປະ ເທດ Colombia ປີ 2012 ແລະເວົ້າວ່າ ພວກເຂົາເຈົ້າຈະບໍ່ໄປຮ່ວມ ກອງປະຊຸມສຸດຍອດ ເທື່ອໜ້າຖ້າຫາກຄິວບາບໍ່ໄດ້ຮັບການເຊື້ອເຊີນ.”

ພວກຄົນງານໄດ້ພາກັນປົດປ້າຍເກົ່າ ອອກຈາກຕຶກຫ້ອງການຄຸ້ມຄອງຜົນປະໂຫຍດຂອງ ຄິວບາທີ່ນະຄອນຫຼວງວໍຊິງຕັນ. ປ້າຍໃໝ່ ທີ່ລະບຸວ່າ ເປັນສະຖານທູດ ຈະເປີດໃນວັນຈັນ ຈະມານີ້.

ອີງຕາມກະຊວງການຕ່າງປະເທດຄິວບາແລ້ວ ພິທີສະຫລອງໃນວັນຈັນຈະມານີ້ ແມ່ນຈະ ນຳພາ ໂດຍລັດຖະມົນຕີການຕ່າງປະເທດຄິວບາ ທ່ານ Bruno Rodriguez Parrilla. ຄະນະຜູ້ແທນເຈົ້າໜ້າທີ່ລະດັບສູງຮວມທັງສະມາຊິກສະພາແຫ່ງຊາດແມ່ນຮວມຢູ່ໃນບັນ ດາພວກທີ່ຈະໄປຮ່ວມ.

ລັດຖະມົນຕີຊ່ອຍວ່າການກະຊວງການຕ່າງປະເທດສະຫະລັດ ຮັບຜິດຊອບກ່ຽວກັບກິດ ຈະກຳຊີກໂລກຕາເວັນຕົກ ທ່ານນາງ Roberta Jacobson ຈະນຳພາຄະນະຜູ້ແທນສະ ຫະລັດ. ນາງ Jacobson ແມ່ນມີບົດບາດອັນສຳຄັນໃນການເຈລະຈາເພື່ອສ້າງຕັ້ງສາຍ ພົວພັນລະຫວ່າງປະເທດທັງສອງຄືນໃໝ່.

The United States and Cuba are set to reach a milestone in diplomatic relations on Monday. The two countries will formally reopen their embassies, a move that is part of a series of recent steps to re-set relations that soured more than 50 years ago.

The re-openings are a culmination of behind-the-scenes negotiations between the two countries. Those negotiations led to a public declaration by President Barack Obama, in December, that the U.S. would work to normalize relations with Cuba.

The change is partly a result of foreign pressure, said American University Cuba specialist William LeoGrande.

"The Latin Americans had really become fed up with this old anachronistic, Cold War policy and they let the president know at the Sixth Summit of the Americans in Cartagena, Colombia, in 2012, and said they would not come to the next one if Cuba was not invited," he said.

Changes underway in Havana and Washington

Workers have already removed the old sign from the Cuban Interest Section building in Washington. The new sign, designating the building as the Cuba Embassy, will be unveiled on Monday.

According to Cuba's Foreign Ministry, Monday's ceremony will be led by Cuban Foreign Minister Bruno Rodriguez Parrilla.A delegation of high-level officials, including national assembly and parliament members, are among those who will attend.

Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs Roberta Jacobson will lead a U.S. delegation. Jacobson played a pivotal role in talks to re-establish ties.

The formal re-opening of the U.S. Embassy in Cuba will take place at a later date when Secretary of State John Kerry travels to Havana. In a Friday briefing, a State Department official said the U.S. flag would not be raised at the Havana embassy until Kerry arrives, although the embassy will be fully functional.

However, early Monday, the Cuban flag will be added to a State Department hall featuring the other national flags. Later in the day, Kerry and Rodriguez Parrilla will meet at the State Department and speak to the media.

Talks continue on critical issues

State Department spokesman John Kirby said the U.S. and Cuba continue to have discussions on a wide range of issues.

"We began a conversation that I suspect will continue on human rights, which we know is going to be a part of this new relationship," said Kirby.

He also said the U.S. and Cuba had agreed to have conversations about fugitives and law enforcement.

Americans, Cubans to benefit from change

The State Department official called Monday's re-openings a "symbolic step," but a very important step in the next stage of U.S. relations with Cuba.

The official said a tangible result of the changes is that more Americans would be able to travel to Cuba, and would do so with the support of the U.S. embassy.The official also said Cubans would have increased accessibility to the U.S. embassy in Havana.

In the lead-up to plans to restore ties, the State Department removed Cuba from its State Sponsors of Terrorism list. U.S. officials say the move is separate from efforts to restore relations. However, the designation had been a major sore point for Havana.

Other restrictions under the U.S. trade embargo against Cuba will remain in place. A vote by Congress vote is required to lift the restrictions.

In a statement on the Cuban Foreign Ministry website, the Cuban government said the re-establishment of diplomatic ties and opening of embassies "completes the first stage of what will be a long and complex process toward the normalization of bilateral relations."

The statement also said there could be no "normal" relations between the two countries "as long as the economic, commercial and financial blockage continues to be fully implemented, causing damage and scarcities to the Cuban people."

However many Cubans have praised their government for enacting the changes and welcome the increased relations with the United States. Some have begun to sport clothing with the U.S. flag and other American symbols.

"The dam has broken," said Marc Hanson, an associate for Cuba at the Washington Office on Latin America.

"This has been tremendous. I don't think that anybody expected that on December 17 when the president (Obama) made his remarks that this is where we would be only six to eight months in the future," he said.

Criticism of Cuba's human rights record

But the warming of relations between the U.S. and Cuba is not without its critics.

In a May hearing, Senator Marco Rubio, a Republican presidential hopeful, raised concern about whether there was enough focus on Cuba's human rights record.

"Their view of human rights isn't just different than ours, they are flat-out wrong and immoral in their views," he said.

American Enterprise Institute analyst Roger Noriega, a former U.S. ambassador to the Organization of American States, also expressed concern about U.S.-Cuba engagement at a time when there are questions about Havana's stance on human rights.

"I think we have had to lower our standards in order to raise our flag in Havana," he said.

"We are not defending human rights. We are not defending the very idea of representative democracy," he added.

U.S. officials have vowed to continue to raise questions about Cuba's human rights record as well as other areas of concern.

LeoGrande said he expects the warming of relations to result in a number of collaborative efforts between the U.S. and Cuba in the coming months.

He said he expects the two countries will work more closely on issues including counter-narcotics trafficking, law enforcement and environmental cooperation.

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