ລິ້ງ ສຳຫລັບເຂົ້າຫາ

ສະຫະລັດ ພິຈາລະນາ ຕໍ່ອາຍຸ ຂໍ້ຕົກລົງນິວເຄລຍ ກັບຈີນ


ການວາງສະແດງໂຕຢ່າງ ​ເທັກ​ໂນ​ໂລ​ຈີ​ນິວ​ເຄລຍ ເພື່ອ​ກັ່ນທາດ plutonium ຈາກທ່ອນເຊື້ອໄຟ.

ການວາງສະແດງໂຕຢ່າງ ​ເທັກ​ໂນ​ໂລ​ຈີ​ນິວ​ເຄລຍ ເພື່ອ​ກັ່ນທາດ plutonium ຈາກທ່ອນເຊື້ອໄຟ.

ບັນດາ​ເຈົ້າ​ໜ້າ​ທີ່ ລັດຖະບານສະຫະລັດ ​ແລະ​ພວກສະໜັບສະ
ໜູນດ້ານ​ອຸດ​ສາ​ຫະກຳ ​ໄດ້​ກ່າວ​ຕໍ່​ບັນດາ​ສະມາຊິກ​ສະພາ​ວ່າ
ການຕໍ່ອາຍຸຂໍ້​ຕົກລົງການຮ່ວມມືດ້ານ​ນິວ​ເຄລຍກັບ​ຈີນ ຈະ​ເປັນ
ຜົນປະໂຫຍດຢ່າງ​ໃຫຍ່​ສຳລັບສະຫະລັດ. ​ແຕ່ ບັນດາ​ສະມາ
ຊິກສະພາ​ຈຳນວນ​ນຶ່ງແລະ​ຜູ້​ຊ່ຽວຊານ ກ່າວ​ວ່າ ​ເຂົາ​ເຈົ້າ​ມີ​
ຄວາມ​ເປັນຫ່ວງ​ກ່ຽວ​ກັບ​ບັນຫາຕ່າງໆ​ເຊັ່ນ​ວ່າ ການ​ແຜ່ຜາຍ
ການຫັນປ່ຽນເທັກ​ໂນ​ໂລ ຈີຂອງ​ພົນລະ​ເຮືອນ ​ແລະ​ການຄວບ
ຄຸມ​ການ​ສົ່ງ​ອອກ.

ຢູ່ທີ່ການ​ຮັບ​ຟັງ​ຄຳໃຫ້ການໃນ​ວັນ​ພະຫັດ​ທີ່​ຜ່ານ​ມາ ​ໂດຍ​ສອງ​
ຄະນະອະນຸ​ກຳມະ ການ​ຂອງສະພາ​ຕໍ່າ ລັດຖະມົນ​ຕີຊ່ວຍວ່າ
ການກະຊວງຕ່າງປະ​ເທດ ສະຫະລັດ ຮັບຜິດຊອບດ້ານຄວາມ​ປອດ​ໄພ​ສາກົນ​ແລະ​ການ​
ຫ້າມ​ແຜ່ຜາຍ ທ່ານ ThomasCountryman ກ່າວ​ວ່າ ການນຳ​ເອົາຂໍ້ຕົກລົງ​ໃໝ່​ກັບ​ຈີນ ມາສູ່ການຈັດຕັ້ງປະຕິ ບັດຈະ​ປັບ​ປຸງ​ບໍ່ພຽງ​ແຕ່ການ​ຮ່ວມ​ມື​ໃນດ້ານ​ການ​ຫ້າມ​ແຜ່​ຜາຍລະ
ຫວ່າງປະ​ເທດ ​ທັງ​ສອງເທົ່ານັ້ນ​ແຕ່ຍັງ​ເປັນ​ປັບປຸງຄວາມສຳພັນສອງຝ່າຍກັບຈີນໂດຍທົ່ວ
ໄປນຳດ້ວຍ.

ທ່ານ Countryman ກ່າວ​ວ່າ “ຂໍ້​ຕົກລົງນີ້ແມ່ນ​ເປັນຜົນ​ປະໂຫຍດທີ່​ສຳຄັນ ດັ່ງ ​ທີ່​ໄດ້​ອ້າງ​
ໄປແລ້ວ​ນັ້ນ ຢູ່​ໃນ​ຜົນປະໂຫຍດ​ທາງ​ດ້ານເສດຖະກິດ ​ຂອງສະຫະລັດ ຮວມທັງເລື້ອງວຽກ
​ງານ ນອກນັ້ນ ມັນຍັງ​ເປັນ​ອົງປະກອບ​ທີ່​ສຳຄັນ​ໃນ​ການ​ຊ່ວຍ ຄຸ້ມຄອງຄວາມສຳພັນ​ສອງ
ຝ່າຍ ທີ່​ຊັບຊ້ອນ ທີ່​ພວກ​ເຮົາມີ​ກັບສາທາລະນະ​ລັດ ປະຊາຊົນ​ຈີນ.”

ຂໍ້​ຕົກລົງ​ໃໝ່ນີ້ ຈະ​ອະນຸຍາດ​ໃຫ້​ຈີນ ທີ່​ເປັນ​ຕະຫລາດ​ນິວ​ເຄລຍ​ໃຫຍ່ສຸດ​ໃນ​ໂລກ ຊື້​ບັນດາ
ເຕົາແຍກນິວເຄລຍທີ່ອອກແບບ​ໂດຍສະຫະລັດ​ຫຼາຍ​ຂື້ນ ​ແລະ​ເທັກ​ໂນ​ໂລ​ຈີ​ນິວ​ເຄລຍ​ເພື່ອ
​ກັ່ນທາດ plutonium ຈາກທ່ອນເຊື້ອໄຟທີ່ໃຊ້ແລ້ວນັ້ນ.

ລັດຖະບານ ທ່ານ Obama ​ໄດ້​ສົ່ງຂໍ້ຕົກລົງ​ດັ່ງກ່າວນີ້ ​ໄປ​ໃຫ້​ສະພາ​ທົບ​ທວນ ​ເມື່ອ​ສາມ
​ເດືອນ​ກ່ອນ. ຂໍ້​ຕົກລົງ​ທີ່ວ່ານີ້ຈະ​ໃຊ້​ແທນຂໍ້​ຕົກລົງ​ສະບັບປີ 1985 ​ຊຶ່ງຈະໝົດ​ອາຍຸ​ລົງ​ໃນ​
ທ້າຍ​ປີ​ນີ້ ​ແລະ​ຈະຕໍ່ອາຍຸ ການຮ່ວມມືທາງດ້ານນິວ​ເຄລຍພົນລະ​ເຮືອນ ລະຫວ່າງສະຫະ
ລັດກັບຈີນ ​ອອກ​ໄປ​ອີກ 30 ປີ.


U.S. government officials and industry advocates have told lawmakers that renewing a nuclear cooperation deal with China would bring great benefits to the U.S. But some lawmakers and experts say they are concerned about issues such as proliferation, diversion of civilian nuclear technology, and export control.

At a hearing Thursday by two subcommittees in the House of Representatives, Assistant Secretary of State for International Security and Nonproliferation Thomas Countryman said bringing the new agreement with China into force will improve not only cooperation on nonproliferation between the two countries, but also the overall bilateral relationship with China.

"The agreement has important benefits as noted already in the field of economic interest in the U.S. including jobs, it also is an essential element in helping to manage the complex bilateral relationship we have with the PRC (People's Republic of China)," said Countryman.

A new agreement would permit China, the biggest nuclear power market in the world, to buy more U.S.-designed reactors and nuclear technology to reprocess plutonium from spent fuel.

The Obama Administration submitted the agreement for congressional review three months ago. The agreement will replace a 1985 deal that will expire at the end of the year, and extend U.S.-China civilian nuclear cooperation for another 30 years.

A bipartisan resolution in the House of Representatives has been introduced to approve the agreement.

Democratic Congressman Brendan Boyle (D-PA) said he supports the agreement because it has worked since 1985.

"Certainly updates need to happen; changes need to be made, but I'm a supporter and proud to be a co-sponsor of it," he said.

Republican Congressman Ted Poe (R-TX) thinks it is "a good agreement."

"It's an agreement that we will do business with China, that's what the agreement stands for," he said. "We should make sure the agreement is fair to the U.S. and to the Chinese."

Daniel Lipman, vice president of Suppliers and International Programs of the Nuclear Energy Institute, said the deal will bring great economic benefits to the U.S. He noted that U.S. exports of nuclear plant construction to China are expected to be in the range of $3 billion to $7 billion per year through 2040.

The Chinese nuclear energy program is the most rapidly expanding in the world. Beijing announced last December that it will spend $11.2 billion annually on reactor construction in the next 10 years.

However, Congressman Matt Salmon (R-AZ), who chaired the hearing, said potential economic benefits aside, the agreement raised security questions about China's nonproliferation commitment.

"The Defense Intelligence Agency warned in February 2015 that China will continue to be a source of duel use WMD (weapon of mass destruction) applicable goods, equipment and materials to countries of concern, like Iran, North Korea and Syria," he said.

Henry Sokolski, executive director of the Nonproliferation Policy Education Center told VOA there is a lot of concern on Capitol Hill that China probably has diverted U.S. civilian technology to improve its submarine reactors. He warned that the U.S. should not be loosening, but "tightening export control."

Yet, Sokolski said, instead of tightening the control of the transfer of nuclear technology and goods, the new deal would expedite or pre-approve such a transfer, reducing the review process.

Sokolski said a key concern to him is the provision in the new agreement that would give China advanced consent to reprocess spent fuel from U.S. designed reactors. He said this is the kind of permission the U.S. has previously only given to its close European allies and Japan.

This could allow the Chinese to stockpile plutonium for weapons purposes, Sokolski added.

Sharon Squassoni, director and senior fellow of the Proliferation Prevention Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, agreed.

"One, there is no strict separation between military and civilian activities; two, even China has not separated plutonium for weapons purposes for many years, and reprocessing is not necessary to have a vibrant nuclear power program," she said. "So by our granting advanced consent to China in this area, we are also legitimizing that, and that carries the risk of plutonium buildup in Asia."

Assistant Secretary of State Thomas Countryman defended the Obama Administration's decision to give advanced consent to China.

He told VOA China long knew how to reprocess nuclear waste into plutonium and did not need the U.S. technology to do that.

"What the agreement says is that they have advanced permission to extract from U.S. provided reactors plutonium, subject to administrative arrangement to be negotiated later," he said. "It's not a blank check; it's an agreement in principle that they can continue to do what they already know how to do."

Congress has 90 days to review the U.S.-China nuclear cooperation deal. If it does not act before the review period expires, the deal will go into effect. The Senate held a similar hearing on the deal last May.

Although concerns have been raised about the nuclear deal with China, there has not been an overwhelming congressional objection.

The strongest objection came from two Republican senators, Marco Rubio (R-FL) and Tom Cotton (R-AR) who introduced a joint resolution seeking to disapprove the U.S.-China Nuclear Cooperation Agreement.

"During congressional review of this agreement, serious questions have been raised about China's compliance with the existing nuclear cooperation agreement and Beijing's intentions to violate the agreement now before Congress," Senator Rubio said in the statement.

He said the stakes are too high for the U.S. to continue a business-as-usual approach to China by letting this agreement enter into force.

"Given China's belligerence in the South China Sea, relentless cyber-attacks against the U.S. and U.S. companies, and unwillingness to stop known proliferators, it is unconscionable that they're rewarded with a new Nuclear Cooperation Agreement," Senator Cotton said.

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