ລິ້ງ ສຳຫລັບເຂົ້າຫາ

ວິກິດການອົບພະຍົບຊີເຣຍ ຈະຄອບງໍາ ກອງປະຊຸມ ບັນດາຜູ້ນຳໂລກ


ບັນດາ​ຜູ້ຂອງນຳ​ໂລກ ຈະ​ເຕົ້າ​ໂຮມ​ກັນ​ຢູ່​ນະຄອນ New York ໃນ​ອາ ທິດ​ນີ້ ເພື່ອ​ເຂົ້າ ຮ່ວມປະຊຸມປະຈຳ​ປີ ຂອງ​ອົງການສະຫະ​ປະຊາ​ຊາດ. ນັກ​ຂ່າວວີ​ໂອ​ເອ Margaret Besheer ມີລາຍ​ງານ​ວ່າ ສົງຄາມໃນ​ຊີ​ເຣຍ​ແລະ​ວິ​ກິດ​ການ​ອົບພະຍົບ​ ຄາດ​ວ່າ ​ຈະ​ຄອບ​ງໍາ​ກອງ​ປະຊຸມດັ່ງກ່າວ ຊຶ່ງ ກິ່ງ​ສະຫວັນ ມີ​ລາຍ​ລະອຽດ ມາສະ​ເໜີ​ທ່ານ.

ບັນດາ​ຜູ້ນຳ​ໂລກ ​ຕ້ອງການ​ຢາກ​ຈຳກັດ ຜົນ​ກະທົບ​ທີ່​ເກີດ​ຈາກ​ສົງ​ຄາມ​ໃນ​ຊີ​ເຣຍ. ​ໂດຍ​ສະ​ເພາະ​ຢ່າງ​ຍິ່ງ ການ​ເຄື່ອນ​ຍ້າຍ​ຄັ້ງ​ໃຫຍ່​ຂອງ​ມະນຸດ ທີ່​ໄດ້​ເຮັດ​ໃຫ້​ປະ​ເທດ​ເພື່ອນ​ບ້ານ​ ​ແລະ​ຢູ​ໂຣບ​ ໄດ້​ຮັບຄວາມ​ຫຍຸ້ງຍາກ. ພວກ​ທ່ານ​ຈະ​ສົນ ທະນາ​ກັນ​ ກ່ຽວກັບ​ບັນຫາ​ຢູ່​ສອງ ກອງປະຊຸມ​ສຸດ​ຍອດ ທີ່​ເພັງ​ເລັງ​ໃສ່​ອົບ​ພະ​ຍົບ. ​ເລຂາທິການ​ໃຫຍ່ ສະຫະ​ປະຊາ​ຊາດ ທ່ານ​ Ban Ki-moon ຈະ​ເປັນ​ເຈົ້າພາບ​ກອງ​ປະຊຸມທີ​ນຶ່ງ​ ໃນ​ວັນ​ຈັນ​ມື້​ນີ້.

​ທ່ານ Ban ກ່າວ​ວ່າ “ຫລາຍ​ປະ​ເທດ ​ຕ້ອງຮັບ​ເອົາ​ຜູ້​ຄົນ​ເຂົ້າ​ໄປ​ຕັ້ງ​ຖິ່ນ​ຖານໃຫ້ ​ຫລາຍ​ຂຶ້ນ ​ຊຶ່ງ​ພວກ​ເຂົາ​ເຈົ້າ​ໄດ້ຖືກ​ບັງຄັບ​ໃຫ້ຫລົບ​ໜີ​ອອກ​ຈາກ​ບ້ານ​ເຮືອນ​ເຂົາ​ເຈົ້າ. ຫລາຍ​ປະ​ເທດ​ຕ້ອງ​ຮັບ​ຮູ້​ຜົນປະ​ໂຫຍ​ດ​ຂອງ​ການ​ຍົກຍ້າຍ​ຖິ່ນ​ຖານ. ​ແລະ​ທຸກໆ​ຄົນ ທຸກໆ​ແຫ່ງ​ຫົນ ຕ້ອງ​ລຸກ​ຂຶ້ນ ​ຕ້ານຄວາມ​ກຽດ​ຊັງ​ ທີ່​ພວກອົບ​ພ​ະຍົບ ຈຳນວນຫລວງຫລາຍ ພວກ​ຍົກຍ້າຍ​ຖິ່ນ​ຖານ​ແລະ​ບັນດາ​ປະຊາ​ຄົມ​ກຸ່ມນ້ອຍກຳ ລັງ​ປະ​ເຊີນ​ໜ້າຢູ່.”

ປະທານາທິບໍດີ Barack Obama ຈະເປັນ​ເຈົ້າພາບຈັດກອງ​ປະຊຸມ​ສຸດ​ຍອດ​ທີ​ສອງ​ ໃນ​ວັນ​ອັງຄານ​ມື້​ອື່ນ​ນີ້.

ຮອງ​ລັດຖະມົນຕີ​ຕ່າງປະ​ເທດສະຫະລັດ ທ່ານ​ນາງ Sheba Croker ກ່າວ​ວ່າ “ພວກ​ເຮົາ​ຄາດ​ວ່າ​ກອງ​ປະຊຸມ​ສຸດ​ຍອດນີ້​ຈະ​ເປັນ​ຜົນ​ທີ່​ສຳຄັນ ​ໃນ​ການ​ໃຫ້​ຄວາມ ໝ​າຍໝັ້ນ​ແບບ​ຍືນ​ຍົງ​ອັນ​ໃໝ່ ​ຕໍ່​ສະຫະ​ປະຊາ​ຊາດ ​ໃນ​ການ​ຂໍ​ຮ້ອງ​ດ້ານ​ມະນຸດ​ສະ​ທຳ ຂະຫຍາຍ​ໂຄງ ການ​ຕັ້ງ​ຖິ່ນ​ຖາ​ນອົບ​ພະ​ຍົບ ຫລືທາງເລືອກດ້ານ​ກົດໝາຍ ໃໝ່ໄປ​ສູ່່ກາ​ນຮັບ​ເຂົ້າ​ມາ.”

​ແຕ່ຍັງ​ມີຄວາມ​ສົງ​ໄສ​ຢູ່ວ່າ ກອງ​ປະຊຸມ​ສຸດຍອດທັງ​ສອງ​ນີ້​ຈະ​ດຳ​ເນີນ​ການ​ໄດ້​ຫຼາຍປານ​ໃດ ເພື່ອປັບປຸງ​ສະຖານະ​ການ​ຂອງ​ອົບ​ພະ​ຍົບຊີເຣຍ​ເກືອບ 5 ລ້ານ​ຄົນຜູ້​ທີ່​ໄດ້ຫລົບ​ໜີ​ຈາກ​ບ້ານ​ເຮືອນ​ຂອງພວກ​ເຂົາ​ເຈົ້າ.

ທ່ານ Richard Gowan ຈາກ​ມະຫາວິທະຍາ​ໄລ Columbia ກ່າວ​ວ່າ “ທາງ​ດຽວ​ທີ່​ຈະ​ແກ້​ໄຂວິ​ກິດ​ການ​ຊີ​ເຣຍ ກໍ​ຄື​ຜ່ານ​ຂໍ້​ຕົກລົງ​ທາງ​ການ​ເມືອງ. ຂ້າພະ​ເຈົ້າ​ແນນ​ອນວ່າ​ ຈະ​ມີ​ການ​ສົນທະນາ​ກ່ຽວກັບ​ເລື້ອງ​ດັ່ງກ່າວ​ທີ່​ກອງ​ປະຊຸມ​ສະມັດຊາ​ໃຫຍ່ ​ແຕ່​ວ່າທ່ານ Vladimir Putin ຈະ​ບໍ່​ມານະ​ຄອນ New York ​ແລະ​ຖ້າ​ຫາກ​ວ່າ ທ່ານ Puitn ບໍ່​ມາ​ທີ່​ນີ້ ທ່ານ​ຈະ​ບໍ່ສາມາດ​ສົນທະນາ​ຢ່າງຈິງຈັງ​ໄດ້​ກ່ຽວ​ກັບເລື້ອງຊີ​ເຣຍ.”

ສະຫະລັດ ​ແລະຣັດ​ເຊຍ​ໄດ້​ເຫັນ​ພ້ອມ ໃນຂໍ້​ຕົກລົງ​ ​ເມື່ອ​ຕົ້ນ​ເດືອນ​ນີ້ ​ກ່ຽວ​ກັບ​ການ​ຢຸດ​ຍິງ ​ແລະ​ນຳ​ເອົາ​ການ​ຊ່ວຍ​ເຫລືອເຂົ້າ​ໄປ​ໃນ​ຊີ​ເຣຍ. ທັງ​ສອງປະ​ເທດ​ຍັງ​ມີ​ແຜນ​ຮ່ວມ​ມື​ ທີ່ຈະ ແນ​ເປົ້າ​ໝາຍ​ໃສ່​ພວກກໍ່​ການ​ຮ້າຍຮວມທັງ​ອັນ​ທີ່​ຮ້ອງ​ວ່າ​ກຸ່ມລັດ​ອິສລາມ. ບໍ່​ວ່າ​ຂໍ້​ຕົກລົງ​ຈະໄດ້​ຮັບ​ຜົນສຳ​ເລັດ ຫລື​ປະສົບ​ກັບຄວາມ​ລົ້ມ​ແຫລວກໍ​ຕາມ ​ແມ່ນມີ​ທ່າ​ທາງ​ວ່າອາດຈະ​ເປັນ​ສິ່ງ​ກຳນົດການ​ສົນທະນາ​ຫາລື​ກັນ ​ທີ່ນະຄອນ​ New York.

ສະພາ​ຄວາມ​ໝັ້ນຄົງ​ສະຫະ​ປະຊາ​ຊາດ ຈະ​ຈັດ​ກອງ​ປະຊຸມ​ລະດັບ​ສູງ​ໃນ​ວັນ​ພຸດ​ຈະ​ມາ​ເຖິງ​ນີ້ ​ໂດຍ​ມີ​ຄວາມ​ຕັ້ງ​ໃຈ​ ທີ່​ຈະ​ເຈາະ​ຈົງ​ໃສ່​ຊີ​ເຣຍ ​ແຕ່​ວ່່າຄວາມ​ຄາດ ໝາຍຈາກ​ຜົນ​ຂອງ​ການ​ປະຊຸມ​ນີ້ ​ແມ່ນ​ຕໍ່າຫຼາຍ.

ທ່ານ Richard Gowan ກ່າວ​ວ່າ “ຄວາມ​ຈິງ​ກໍ​ຄື​ວ່າ ​ການ​ຕັດສິນ​ໃຈ​ກ່ຽວ​ກັບ​ຊີ​ເຣຍ ​ແມ່ນ​ເຮັດຢູ່​ນະຄອນຫລວງ​ວໍຊິງ​ຕັນ ມົສກູ ແລະ​ອີຣ່ານ ບໍ່​ໄດ້​ຢູ່​ຫ້ອງປະຊຸມ ຂອງ​ສະພາ​ຄວາມ​ໝັ້ນຄົງ.ສ່ວນ​ທີ່​ເຫລືອ​ຂອງ​ອາທິດນີ້ ​ແມ່ນ​ຈະ​ຄອບ​ງໍາ​ໂດຍ​ຄຳ​ຖະ​ແຫລ​ງຂອງ ບັນດາຜູ້ນຳ​ຕ່າງໆຢູ່​ທີ່​ກອງ​ປະ​ຊູ​ມສະ​ມັດ​ຊາ​ໃຫຍ່."

​ແຕ່ບັນດາ​ຜູ້​ທີ່​ມີ​ຊື່​ສຽງ​ສຳຄັນໆ​ຈຳນວນ​ນຶ່ງ ​ເຊັ່ນ​ທ່ານ Vladimir Putin ທ່ານ Xi Jingping ​ແລະທ່ານ​ນາງ Angela Merkel ຈະ​ຂາດ​ຫາຍໄປ. ນີ້ຈະເປັນ​ ໂອກາດ​ອັນ​ສຸດ​ທ້າຍ ສຳລັບທ່ານ Barack Obama ໃນ​ນາມ​ປະທານາທິບໍດີ ສະຫະລັດຢູ່​ທີ່​ການ​ເຕົ້າ​ໂຮມ​ສາກົນ​ແລະຄຳ​ປາ​ໄສ​ຂອງ​ທ່ານ​ຈະກ່າວ​ເຖິງ​ມູນ​ເຊື້ອ ກ່ຽວ​ກັບ​ການ​ຮ່ວມ​ມື​ຫຼາຍໆ​ຝ່າຍຂອງ​ທ່ານ.

ນອກ​ນັ້ນ ມັນ​ຍັງ​ຈະ​ເປັນກອງ​ປະຊຸມ​ສະມັດຊ​າ​ໃຫຍ່​ເທື່ອສຸດ​ທ້າຍ ​ສຳລັບ​ເລ​ຂາ​ທິການ​ໃຫຍ່ສະຫະ​ປະຊາ​ຊາດທ່ານ Ban Ki-moon. ການເຂົ້າຮັບ​ຕຳ​ແໜ່​ງດົນ ເປັນເວລາ​ນຶ່ງທົດ​ສະ​ວັດຂອງ​ທ່ານ ຈະ​ສິ້ນ​ສຸດ​ລົງ​ໃນ​ວັນ​ທີ 31 ​ທັນວາຈະ​ມາ​ເຖິງ​ນີ້.

World leaders will gather Monday in New York to tackle two of the biggest global challenges: the war in Syria and the refugee crisis it has created.

They will meet at the annual U.N. General Assembly. This will be Barack Obama's final such gathering as U.S. president, and it also will be the last for U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, whose decade-long tenure at the helm of the organization will end on December 31.

Across the planet, there is a staggering number of refugees and displaced persons: 65 million men, women and children. They are on the move because of conflict, natural disasters or extreme poverty.

On Monday, the U.N. chief will convene a special summit about their plight, with the aim of addressing the root causes and agreeing separate global compacts in the next two years on refugees and migrants.

"I sincerely hope that, through this summit meeting on Monday, we will have a framework on how we can share these responsibilities," Ban told reporters recently. "No one country can address this issue. Therefore, there should be global responsibility and global compassion on addressing this issue."

But before the summit has even taken place, some NGOs are already saying it will be ineffective.

Opportunity missed

"The U.N. had initially proposed an ambitious plan, but the European Union, Russia and China were among those who sacrificed refugees' rights for national self-interest and missed a massive opportunity to back a global solution to the crisis," said Salil Shetty, secretary general of Amnesty International.

The U.N.'s initial plan was to ask governments to resettle 10 percent of the world's refugees each year. But in the summit's outcome document, there is no requirement that countries take specific numbers of people.

On Tuesday, President Obama will co-chair a Leaders' Summit on refugees, along with leaders from Canada, Ethiopia, Germany, Jordan, Mexico and Sweden.

Some 20 million of the world's displaced population are refugees. This conference will focus on increasing refugee financing, doubling the global number of resettled refugees through legal channels, and expanding work and education opportunities for them. A pledge is required for governments to participate in the meeting.

"We are not going to solve the refugee crisis on Tuesday," U.S. United Nations Ambassador Samantha Power cautioned. "But I think you will see an important show of political will from leaders around the world."

Summit co-host Germany is on the frontlines of the refugee and migration crisis in Europe. Last year the nation took in over one million refugees, and in the first six months of this year, 460,000 refugees have arrived from Syria, the source of most of the world's refugees.

Germany's U.N. Ambassador Harald Braun said Berlin wants to see the summit address all issues related to the crisis, "meaning the situation in the countries of origin, transition and integration, as well as the return of refugees."

Preventing a lost generation

The Leaders' Summit hopes to make progress in providing education for displaced children, raising by one million the number of refugee children in schools worldwide.

Former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, who is the U.N.'s Global Education Envoy, says there are 30 million displaced children worldwide, 10 million of whom are refugees.

"The majority of them are not going to school at all," he told reporters. Two million of them are Syrian refugees in neighboring countries. While another two million are in Syria, where "none of them are getting the education they need," Brown said.

The costs of educating refugee children are often minimal. In Lebanon, Brown said, it is only $10 a week per child -- and he urged leaders to pledge the necessary funding at the summit.

Bloodshed in Syria

Leaders realize that the human exodus from Syria will not end until peace and stability are restored.

A nearly week-old deal between Russia and the United States to reduce the violence and get aid in is still a work in progress, but its success or failure is likely to be a large part of discussions in New York.

The U.N. Security Council will hold a high-level session on Syria Wednesday, which could issue a statement or adopt a resolution endorsing the deal - if it is still holding. Members of the International Syria Support Group (ISSG) will also be in New York, and could decide to meet.

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