ລິ້ງ ສຳຫລັບເຂົ້າຫາ

ພັກເດໂມແຄຣັດ ໃນສະພາສູງ ມອບໄຊຊະນະ ກ່ຽວກັບ ຂໍ້ຕົກລົງນິວເຄລຍ ກັບອີຣ່ານ ແກ່ ປ. ໂອບາມາ


ສະມາຊິກສະພາ​ສູງ ຂອງສະຫະລັດ ສັງກັດພັກ​ເດ​ໂທ​ແຄຣັດ
​ໄດ້​ຂັດຂວາງຕໍ່ ການ​ລົງ​ຄະ​ແນນ​ສຽງບໍ່​ເຫັນພ້ອມກັບຂໍ້ຕົກລົງ
ນິວ​ເຄລຍ ກັບອີຣ່ານ ຊຶ່ງເປັນ​ການ​ມອບໄຊຊະນະໃຫ້ແກ່ປະ
ທານາທິບໍດີ Barack Obama ​ໃນນະ​ໂຍບາຍ​ຕ່າງ ປະ​ເທດ
ທີ່ສຳຄັນສຸດຂອງທ່ານ.

ບັນດາ​ຜູ້​ໜະໜັບສະ​ໜູນຕໍ່​ຂໍ້​ຕົກລົງ ສີ່​ສິບ​ສອງ​ຄົນ​ ​ໄດ້ລົງຄະແນນສຽງ​ຍັບ​ຢັ້ງ​ການ​ເຄື່ອນ
ໄຫວ​ ທີ່​ຮູ້ກັນ​ວ່າ ການພະຍາຍາມຢຸດການຜ່ານຮ່າງກົດໝາຍຢູ່ໃນສະພາ. ພວກ​ຄັດຄ້ານ​
ຕໍ່​ຂໍ້​ຕົກລົງ ​ໄດ້​ຂາດ​ສອງ​ຄະ​ແນນ​ສຽງຂອງຈຳນວນ 60 ສຽງ​ທີ່​ຕ້ອງການ ​ເພື່ອ​ຍຸຕິການຂັດ​
ຂວາງ ​ແລະ​ດຳ​ເນີນການ​ໄປ​ສູ່​ການ​ລົງຄ​ະແນນ​ສຽງຂັ້ນສຸດທ້າຍ ​ຕໍ່ຮ່າງກົດໝາຍທີ່​ບໍ່​ເຫັນ
ດີເຫັນພ້ອມນຳ.

ຜູ້ນຳ​ຂອງ​ພັກ​ເດ​ໂມ​ແຄຣັດໃນສະພາສູງ ທ່ານ Harry Reid ​ໄດ້​ກ່າວ​ຫລັງ​ຈາກ​ການ​ລົງ​
ຄະ​ແນນ​ສຽງແລ້ວວ່າ “ສະພາ​ສູງ ​ໄດ້​ກ່າວ​ອອກ​ມາ​ດ້ວຍ​ນຳ້​ສຽງ​ອັນ​ຈະ​ແຈ້ງ ​ແລະໄດ້
ປະກາດ​ວ່າ ຂໍ້​ຕົກລົງປະຫວັດສາດ ​ເພື່ອ​ປ້ອງ​ກັນ​ບໍ່ໃຫ້ອີ​ຣ່ານສາ ມາດມີອາ​ວຸດ​ນິວ​ເຄລ
ຢູ່ໃນຄວາມຄອບຄອງນັ້ນ ຈະຍັງຢູ່ຕໍ່ໄປ.”

ປະທານາທິບໍດີ Obama ​ໄດ້​ຖະ​ແຫລ​ງສະບັບນຶ່ງ ຫລັງ​ຈາກ​ການ​ລົງ​ຄະ​ແນນ​ສຽງແລ້ວ
​ຮ້ອງ​ການເຄື່ອນໄຫວດັ່ງກ່າວນີ້ວ່າ “​ເປັນ​ໄຊຊະນະ​ດ້ານ​ການ​ທູດ ຕໍ່​ຄວາມ​ໝັ້ນຄົງ​ແຫ່ງ​
ຊາດຂອງອາ​ເມຣິກັນ ​ແລະ​ເພື່ອ​ຄວາມ​ປອດ​ໄພ ​ແລະ​ໝັ້ນຄົງ​ຂອງ​ໂລກ.”

​ແຕ່​ຜູ້ນຳ​ສຽງ​ສ່ວນ​ຫລາຍໃນສະພາ​ສູງ​ຂອງພັກຣີພັບບລີກັນ ​ທີ່ຜິດ​ຫວັງ​ ທ່ານ Mitch
McCornell ກ່າວ​ວ່າ “ບັນດາ​ສະມາ​ຊິກ​ສະພາ​ສູງ ພັກ​ເດ​ໂມ​ແຄຣັດ ພຽງແຕ່​ລົງ​ຄະ​ແນນ
​ສຽງ ​ເພື່ອ​ກີດ​ກັ້ນ​ບໍ່ໃຫ້ປະຊາຊົນ​ອາ​ເມຣິກັນ​ຈາກການ​ລົງ​ຄະ​ແນນ​ສຽງແທ້​ຈິງ ກ່ຽວ​ກັບ​ນຶ່ງ
​ໃນ​ບັນຫານະ​ໂຍບາຍ​ຕ່າງປະ​ເທດທີ່ຈະມີຜົນ ຕິດຕາມມາ ​ໃນ​ຍຸກສະໄໝ​ຂອງ​ພວກ​ເຮົາ.”

ການ​ລົງ​ຄະ​ແນນ​ສຽງ ໄດ້ມີຂຶ້ນບໍ່ເທົ່າໃດ​ມື້ຫລັງຈາກໄດ້ມີການອະພິປາຍຢ່າງ​ເຜັດຮ້ອນ
ກ່ຽວກັບຂໍ້ຕົກລົງນິວ​ເຄລຍນີ້ ​ແລະລັດຖະສະພາຈະແກ້ໄຂຢ່າງ​ໃດ.

ສະມາຊິກ​ສະພາ​ສູງ ພັກ​ຣີພັບ​ບລິ​ກັນ​ ທ່ານ Orrin Hatch ກ່າວວ່າ “ມັນ​ບໍ່​ທ່າທີແບບນັກ
ລົບ ເທິງຫຼັງມ້າ ກ່ຽວກັບສົງຄາມ​ ທີ່​ນຳ​ຂ້າພະ​ເຈົ້າ​ໄປ​ສູ່​ການ​ຄັດ ຄ້ານ​ຕໍ່​ຂໍ່ຕົກລົງ​ດັ່ງກ່າວ. ມັນເປັນການຊັ່ງຊາ ຢ່າງແນ່ວແນ່ຂອງຂ້າພະເຈົ້າ ທີ່ວ່າຂໍ້ຕົກລົງນີ້ເຮັດໃຫ້ສົງຄາມມີທ່າ
ທາງທີ່ຈະເກີດຂຶ້ນໄດ້ຫຼາຍກວ່າ.”

ທ່ານ Hatch ກ່າວຕື່ມວ່າ “ບໍ່ຄວນໃຫ້ມີການສົງໄສໃດໆວ່າ ຂໍ້ຕົກລົງນີ້ໄດ້ ແຜ້ວທາງ ແທນທີ່ຈະຂັດຂວາງ ເສັ້ນທາງຂອງອີຣ່ານໄປສູ່ການມີຄວາມສາ ມາດໃນການສ້າງອາ
ວຸດນິວເຄລຍ ຈຶ່ງເຮັດໃຫ້ສົງຄາມມີທ່າທາງວ່າເປັນໄປໄດ້ຫຼາຍຂຶ້ນ.

U.S. Senate Democrats have blocked a vote of disapproval on the nuclear accord with Iran, delivering President Barack Obama a victory on his top foreign policy initiative.

Forty-two supporters of the accord voted to sustain a procedural maneuver known as a filibuster. Opponents of the deal fell two votes shy of the 60 required to end the filibuster and proceed to a final vote on a resolution of disapproval.

"The Senate has spoken with a clarion voice and declared that the historic agreement to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon will stand," Senate Democratic leader Harry Reid said moments after the vote.

President Obama, in a statement following the vote, called it "a victory for diplomacy, for American national security, and for the safety and security of the world."

But a disappointed Republican Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said, "Democratic senators just voted to block the American people from even having a real vote on one of the most consequential foreign policy issues of our time."

The vote followed days of impassioned floor debate about the nuclear pact and how Congress should address it.

"It is not a cavalier attitude about war that leads me to oppose this deal," said Republican Senator Orrin Hatch. "It is my unwavering judgment that this deal makes war much more likely."

"Let there be no doubt: a deal that paves, rather than precludes, Iran's path to nuclear weapons capability makes war more likely," Hatch added.

"We have the ability to know if they cheat. If they cheat, we have the ability to put right back in place these crippling economic sanctions," said Democratic Senator Tom Carper. "And if that doesn't do the job, we have other alternatives at our disposal. Nothing is off the table."

Many Democrats stressed that their backing for the accord in no way erodes their support for Israel. Those assertions prompted sharp words from Republican Senator Lindsey Graham.

"If I hear one more comment from my Democratic friends about how much they love Israel - with friends like this, you do not need an enemy," said Graham. "This [agreement] is, over time, a death sentence for Israel."

Graham accused the Obama administration of weakness and capitulation to Tehran.

"The only reason they are not dancing in Iran is the ayatollah just doesn't believe in dancing," Graham quipped.

Many deal backers said the pact is far from perfect, but preferable to any alternatives presented so far.

"That's the basic question here, not is this a good deal or a bad deal," said independent Senator Angus King. "The question is: how does this deal, no matter what its flaws, compare with the alternatives that are out there?"

"And all of the drama and all of the argument, speeches and rallies that we have heard, no one has yet come up with a credible alternative," King added. "The only thing I hear is, We'll reimpose sanctions and bring them back to the table and get a better deal.' It is going to be very hard to reimpose those sanctions without the support of our international partners."

For now, House Republicans have set aside a resolution of disapproval. Facing an internal revolt from conservative members, House Republican leaders are moving forward on a series of alternative measures.

"We'll use every tool at our disposal to stop, slow and delay this agreement from being fully implemented,"said House Speaker John Boehner.

Boehner did not rule out a lawsuit against President Barack Obama for not turning over the texts of side deals between Iran and the IAEA to Congress, saying the 60-day review period of the deal has not actually started.

Even before Thursday's Senate action, the White House was speaking of the accord as a done deal.

"Congress essentially had 60 days to play the spoiler," said White House spokesman Josh Earnest. "Congress' opportunity to play that role will expire next week. That will be good news, and it will mean the international community can move forward with implementing the agreement."

Lawmakers of both parties said the nuclear accord is likely the most important matter to reach Capitol Hill during their time in office.

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