ລິ້ງ ສຳຫລັບເຂົ້າຫາ

ທະຫານ ລັດຖະບານ ຊີເຣຍ ເຂົ້າຍຶດ ຄຸ້ມເມືອງເກົ່າ Aleppo


ສະມາຊິກກຸ່ມປົກປ້ອງພົນລະເຮືອນ ຄົ້ນຫາ ພວກທີ່ລອດຊີວິດ ຕາມຊາກຫັກພັງ ຫຼັງຈາກ ການໂຈມຕີ ທາງອາກາດ ຕໍ່ກ້ຳເໜືອ ເມືອງອິດລິບ. (5 ທັນວາ 2016)

ກຸ່ມ​ສິ້ງ​ຊອມ​ສິດທິ​ມະນຸດ​ໃນ​ຊີ​ເຣຍ ກ່າວ​ວ່າ ກອງທັບ​ຊີ​ເຣຍທີ່​ໄດ້​ຮັບ​ການ​ໜຸນ​ຫຼັງຈາກຣັດ​ເຊຍ ​ໄດ້​ເຂົ້າຄວບ​ຄຸມ ​ເຂດ​ເມືອງ​ເກົ່າ Aleppo ທັງ​ໝົດ​ແລ້ວ.

ກຸ່ມ​ສິ້ງຊອມ​ສິດທິ​ມະນຸດ​ໃນ​ຊີ​ເຣຍ ທີ່​ຕິດຕາມ​ແລະ​ລາຍ​ງານ​ ກ່ຽວ​ກັບ​ສົງຄາມ​ກາງ​ເມືອງ ໃນຊີ​ເຣຍ ກ່າວ​ວ່າ ທະຫານ​ຊີ​ເຣຍ ​ໄດ້​ເຂົ້າຍຶດ​ເອົາ​ຄຸ້ມ Bab al-Hadid ​ແລະ Aghior ທີ່​ຕັ້ງຢູ່​ໃກ້​ຄຽງ ​ໃນ​ຕອນ​ເຊົ້າ ວັນ​ພຸດ​ມື້ນີ້ ຫລັງ​ຈາກ ກຳລັງ​ຕໍ່ຕ້ານ ​ໄດ້​ຖອນ​ອອກ​ໄປ ຈາກ​ທີ່​ໝັ້ນ​ແຫ່ງ​ສຸດ​ທ້າຍ​ຂອງ​ພວກ​ເຂົາ​ເຈົ້າ​ໃນ​ເຂດ​ເມືອງ​ເກົ່າທາງ​ກ້ຳ​ຕາ​ເວັນ​ອອກ Aleppo ທີ່​ໄດ້​ຮັບ​ຄວາມ​ເສຍ​ຫາຍ​ຢ່າງ​ຮ້າຍ​ແຮງ. ກຸ່ມຕໍ່ຕ້ານ ​ກ່າວ​ໃນ​ວັນ​ອັງຄານ​ວານ​ນີ້ວ່າ ກຳລັງ​ຂອງ​ລັດຖະບານ​ໄດ້​ເຂົ້າຄວບ​ຄຸມ​ຫຼາຍ ຄຸ້ມ​ໃນ​ເຂດ​ເມືອງ​ເກົ່າ ຮວມທັງ​ຄຸ້ມ Sahar ກອງ​ບັນຊາ​ການ​ກຳລັງ​ຕໍ່ຕ້ານແລະກຸ່ມ​ສັງຄົມ​ພົນລະ​ເຮືອນ.

ການ​ແຕກ​ຂອງເຂດ​ເມືອງ​ເກົ່າ Aleppo ​ແມ່ນ​ຈຸດ​ສຸດ​ຍອດ​ໃນ​ການ​ເປີດ​ສາກ​ບຸກ​ໂຈມ​ຕີຄັ້ງ​ໃຫຍ່ ຂອງ​ກອງທັບ​ຊີ​ເຣຍທີ່​ເລີ້ມຂຶ້ນ​ໃນ​ທ້າຍ​ເດືອນ​ແລ້ວນີ້ ​ເພື່ອ​ຂັບ​ໄລ່ ພວກ​ຕໍ່ຕ້ານ​ອອກ​ຈາກ​ກ້ຳ​ຕາ​ເວັນ​ອອກ​ ຂອງ​ເມື​ອງ Aleppo ທີ່​ພວກ​ເຂົາ​ ໄດ້​ເຂົ້າຄວບ​ຄຸມ ​ມາ​ແຕ່​ປີ 2012 ​ແລະ​ເປັນ​ໄຊຊະນະທີ່​ສຳຄັນຂອງ​ລັດຖະບານ​ປະທານາທິບໍດີ Bashar al-Assad ​ໃນ​ສົງ ຄາມ​ກາງ​ເມືອງ​ທີ່​ດຳ​ເນີນ​ມາ​ເປັນ​ເວລາ 5 ປີ​ແລ້ວນັ້ນ. ກອງທັບຊີ​ເຣຍ​ກ່າວ​ວ່າ ປັດຈຸບັນ​ນີ້ ຕົນ​ຄວບ​ຄຸມ​ຢ່າງ​ໜ້ອຍ 75 ​ເປີ​ເຊັນຂອງ​ກ້ຳ​ຕາ​ເວັນ​ອອກ​ເມືອງ Aleppo ຊຶ່ງ​ຄັ້ງນຶ່ງ​ເຄີຍ​ມີ​ພົນລະ​ເຮືອນ​ອາ​ໄສ​ຢູ່ຫຼາຍ ​ເຖິງ 250 ພັນ​ຄົນ.

ບາງ​ເຂດ​ຂອງ​ຄຸ້ມ​ເມືອງ​ເກົ່າ​ທາງ​ປະຫວັດສາດ​ແຫ່ງ​ນີ້ຊຶ່ງ​ອົງການ UNESCO ​ໄດ້​ປະກາດ​ໃຫ້​ເປັນ​ສະຖານ​ທີ່​ມໍລະດົກ​ໂລກ ເມື່ອ 30 ປີ​ກ່ອນ ​ແມ່ນ​ໄດ້​ຮັບ​ຄວາມເສຍ​ຫາຍ​ຈາກ​ການ​ບຸກ​ໂຈມ​ຕີແລະ​ພວກ​ທີ່​ເຫັນ​ເຫດການ​ກ່າວ​ວ່າ ສະຖານ​ທີ່​ປະຫວັດ​ສາດ​ຈຳນວນ​ນຶ່ງ ເວລາ ​ນີ້​ເກືອບ​ວ່າ​ຈື່​ບໍ່​ໄດ້​ເລີຍ.

​ຂະນະ​ທີ່​ການ​ສູ້ລົບ​ກັນ​ຍັງ​ດຳ​ເນີນ​ຢູ່​ໃນ​ວັນ​ອັງຄານ​ວານ​ນີ້ກໍ​ມີ​ລາຍ​ງານ​ທີ່​ຂັດ​ແຍ້​ງກັນກ່ຽວ​ກັບ​ການ​ດຳ​ເນີນ​ຄວາມ​ພະຍາຍາມ​ຂອງຣັດ​ເຊຍ​ແລະ​ສະຫະລັດ​ເພື່ອ​ເຈລະຈາຫາທາງ​ແກ້​ໄຂ ທີ່​ອາດ​ຫລີກ​ລ່ຽງບໍ່​ເກີດ​ການ​ສູ້​ລົບ​ກັນ ​ໃນ​ຂັ້ນສຸດ​ທ້າຍ ລະຫວ່າງ​ພວກ​ນັກ​ລົບ​ຂອງ​ກຸ່ມ​ຕໍ່ຕ້ານ​ລັດຖະບານທີ່​ຖືກ​ປິດ​ລ້ອມ​ແລະ​ບໍ່​ມີ​ອາວຸດ​ພຽງພໍ ກັບ​ທະຫານ​ລັດຖະບານ​ຊີ​ເຣຍ.

ລັດຖະມົນຕີ​ການ​ຕ່າງປະ​ເທດ​ສະຫະລັດ ທ່ານ John Kerry ຊຶ່ງ​ກຳລັງ​ຢູ່​ທີ່​ນະຄອນ​ບຣັສ​ເຊີ​ລ​ເພື່ອ​ເຂົ້າຮ່ວມ​ກອງ​ປະຊຸມ​ລັດຖະມົນຕີ​ການ​ຕ່າງປະ​ເທດ​ຂອງ​ອົງການ​ເນ​ໂຕ້ ກ່າວ​ວ່າ ທ່ານ​ຄາດ​ວ່າ​ ຈະ​ພົບ​ປະ​ກັບ​ຄູ່​ຕຳ​ແໜ່​ງ ຝ່າຍຣັດ​ເຊຍທ່ານ Sergei Lavrov ​ໃນ​ທ້າຍ​ອາ ທິດ​ນີ້ ​ເພື່ອເຈລະຈາ​ກັນ​ຕື່ມ ​ໂດຍ​ແນ​ໃສ່​ເພື່ອ​ໃຫ້​ຖອນກຳລັງ​ຕໍ່ຕ້ານອອກ​ຈາກ​ກ້ຳ​ຕາ​ເວັນ​ຂອງ​ເມືອງ Aleppo.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights says Syria's Russian-backed army has gained control of all of Aleppo's Old City.

The Observatory, which monitors and reports on Syria's civil war, says Syrian soldiers seized the nearby districts of Bab al-Hadid and Aghior early Wednesday morning, after rebel forces withdrew from their last positions in the city's devastated eastern sector.The group said Tuesday that government fighters had controlled several neighborhoods in the Old City, including al-Shaar, the command center for opposition forces and civil society.

The fall of Aleppo's Old City caps a major offensive launched by the army late last month to drive the rebels out of eastern Aleppo, which they have controlled since 2012, and marks a major victory for the government of President Bashar al-Assad in the now five-year-old conflict. The army says it now controls at least 75 percent of eastern Aleppo, which was once home to at least 250,000 civilians.

Parts of the historic Old City neighborhood, which was declared a UNESCO Heritage site 30 years ago, were devastated in the takeover, and witnesses say swaths of the historic sector are now virtually unrecognizable.

As fighting raged Tuesday, there were conflicting reports on Russian and U.S. attempts to negotiate a settlement that would possibly avert a last-stand battle pitting beleaguered and out-gunned rebel fighters against Syrian forces.

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, in Brussels for a meeting of NATO foreign ministers, said he expects to meet with his Russian counterpart, Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, later this week for further talks aimed at gaining the departure of rebels from the eastern sector.

Lavrov himself said on Sunday such a meeting would occur in Geneva either on Tuesday or Wednesday.But by late Tuesday, Reuters -- quoting sources close to the situation -- said no talks would take place this week.

Elsewhere Tuesday, observatory monitors said the death toll from a Russian and Syrian air offensive southwest of Aleppo has climbed past 300. A published observatory report said more than 1,000 others -- many of them women and children -- have been wounded.

The statement said new strikes targeted eight refugee settlements in Idlib province, about 100 kilometers southwest of Aleppo.It identified a full third of the fatalities as children.

Russia announced last month it was resuming airstrikes in Idlib and Homs provinces in support of the Syrian government.

Hopes for a quick truce in Aleppo were dealt another blow Monday, when Russia, for the sixth time this year, vetoed a United Nations Security Council resolution that would have provided for a seven-day cease-fire to allow humanitarian aid to reach the battered city.

Russian U.N. Ambassador Vitaly Churkin criticized the resolution, saying "these kinds of pauses have been used by fighters to reinforce their ammo (munitions) and to strengthen their positions."New Zealand envoy Gerard van Bohemen later countered that characterization, calling the Churkin argument "hollow fiction."

Tens of thousands of civilians are thought to be trapped in eastern Aleppo despite a huge surge of refugees fleeing in the past two weeks for the relative safety of government-controlled western districts.

Monitors last week estimated that 18,000 civilians in the east had moved into western neighborhoods and more than 9,000 others into a Kurdish-controlled district.

U.N. special envoy Stefan de Mistura said last week he expected eastern Aleppo to fall to government forces by the end of December, without a negotiated settlement to end the four-year rebel occupation.

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