ລິ້ງ ສຳຫລັບເຂົ້າຫາ

ທ່ານ Macron ແລະ ທ່ານນາງ Le Pen ເຂົ້າແຂ່ງຂັນ ເປັນປະທານາທິບໍດີ ຝຣັ່ງ ຮອບສຸດທ້າຍ


ໜັງສືພິມຝຣັ່ງ ລາຍງານກ່າວກັບຜູ້ຊະນະ ການແຂ່ງຂັນປະທາ ນາທິບໍດີຝຣັ່ງ ຮອບທຳອິດ ທ່ານ Emmanuel Macron ທີ່ນິຍົມແນວທາງເປັນກາງ ແລະທ່ານນາງ Marine Le Pen ທີ່ນິຍົມຂວາຈັດ 24 ເມສາ, 2017.

ນຶ່ງ​ມື້ ຫຼັງ​ຈາກທີ່ ຜູ້​ມີ​ສິດບ່ອນບັດ​ຊາວ​ຝຣັ່ງ ​ໄດ້​ສົ່ງ​ທ່ານ​ນາງເຂົ້າ​ສູ່​ການເລືອກ​ຕັ້ງ​
ປະທານາທິບໍດີຮອບ​ສອງ ​ແຂ່ງກັບທ່ານ Emmanuel Macron ທີ່​ນິຍົມ​ແນວທາງ​
ເປັນ​ກາງນັ້ນ ທ່ານ​ນາງ Marine Le Pen ​ຜູ້​ສະໝັກ​ຫົວຊາດ​ນິຍົມ ຕ້ານພວກອົບ​ພະ
ຍົບ ​ໄດ້​ປະກາດ​ວ່າທ່ານ​ນນາງ​ຈະລົງ​ຈາກ​ການ​ເປັນ​ຜູ້ນຳ​ຂອງ​ພັກເປັນ​ການ​ຊົ່ວຄາວ
ເພື່ອ ທ່ານ​ນາງ ​ຈະ​ໄດ້ເປັນ​ຜູ້ລົງ​ແຂ່ງ​ຂັນ ໃນ​ນາມ​ປະຊາຊົນ​ຊາວ​ຝຣັ່ງ​ທັງ​ມວນ.

​ໃນ​ການ​ເອົາ​ບາດກ້າວ​ດັ່ງກ່າວ​ນີ້ ທີ່ແນ​ໃສ່​ ເພື່ອ​ຂະຫຍາຍ​ຄວາມ​ສະໜັບສະໜຸນຂອງ
​ທ່ານ​ນາງໃຫ້ກວ້າງ​ອອກ​ໄປນັ້ນ ທ່ານນາງ Le Pen ໄດ້ກ່າວ ຕໍ່ລາຍການໂທລະພາບ
ສາທາລະນະຝຣັ່ງ ວ່າ “ຄ່ຳຄືນນີ້ ຂ້າພະເຈົ້າບໍ່ໄດ້ເປັນປະທານ ຂອງພັກ​ແນມໂຮມ
​ແຫ່ງ​ຊາດ​ ຫຼື National Front ອີກ​ຕໍ່​ໄປ​ແລ້ວ. ຂ້າພະ​ເຈົ້າ​ແມ່ນ​ຜູ້​ລົງ​ສະໝັກ​ເປັນ​ປະທານາທິບໍດີ,”
ຊຶ່ງ​ທ່ານ​ນາງໄດ້​ກ່າວ​ເພີ່ມ​ຕື່ມ​ວ່າ ທ່ານ​ນາງ “​ຕ້ອງການ​ຢູ່ເໜືອ​ການ
ຕັດສິນ​ໃຈ​ໃນ​ພັກ​ຝ່າຍໃດໆ.”

ຜູ້ນຳຝຣັ່ງ ຫົວນິຍົມຂວາຈັດ ແລະຜູ້ລົງສະໝັກປະທານາທິບໍດີ ປີ 2017 ທ່ານນາງ Marine Le Pen ຖ່າຍຮູບ selfie ໃນ Paris, 24 ເມສາ, 2017.
ຜູ້ນຳຝຣັ່ງ ຫົວນິຍົມຂວາຈັດ ແລະຜູ້ລົງສະໝັກປະທານາທິບໍດີ ປີ 2017 ທ່ານນາງ Marine Le Pen ຖ່າຍຮູບ selfie ໃນ Paris, 24 ເມສາ, 2017.

ໃນ​ອັນ​ທີ່​ ນັກວິເຄາະ ​ໄດ້​ອະທິບາຍ​ເຖິງ​ການເລືອກ​ຕັ້ງ​ທີ່​ວ່ານີ້ ​ເປັນ​ການ​ສັ່ນ​ສະ​ເທືອ​ນ​
ແບບ​ແຜ່ນດິນ​ໄຫວທາງ​ການ​ເມືອງ​ໃນ​ຝຣັ່ງ, ທ່ານ​ນາງ Le Pen ​ໄດ້​ຮັບຄະ​ແນນສຽງ
ປະມານ21.5 ​ເປີ​ເຊັນ ຂອງ​ຄະ​ແນນ​ເລືອກ​ຕັ້ງ​ປະທານາທິບໍດີ​ຝຣັ່ງທັງ​ໝົດ ​ໃນ​ຄະນະ​
ທ່ານ Macron ໄດ້​ຮັບ 23.8 ​ເປີ​ເຊັນ ຂອງ​ຄະ​ແນນ​ສຽງ. ຜູ້​ຊະນະ ຈະ​ຕ້ອງ​ໄດ້​ຮັບ​
ຄະ​ແນນສຽງ​ແບບ​ຂາດ​ຮອຍ ເພາະສະ​ນັ້ນ ການ​ເລືອກ​ຕັ້ງ​ຮອບ 2 ຈະ​ຈັດ​ຂຶ້ນ​ໃນ​ວັນ​ທີ
7 ພຶດສະພາ ທີ່​ຈະ​ມາ​ເຖິງ​ນີ້.

ເປັນ​ຄັ້ງ​ທຳ​ອິດ​ໃນ​ປະຫວັດ​ສາດ​ສ​ະ​ໄໝ​ໃໝ່​ຂອງ​ສາທາລະນະລັດຝຣັ່ງ ​ທີ່​ວ່າ ປະທານາ
ທິບໍດີ​ຂອງຝຣັ່ງ ທີ່​ຈະຖືກ​ເລືອກ​ຈາກ​ສະມາຊິກ​ຂອງພັກ​ທີ່​ບໍ່​ແມ່ນ​ແບບດັ້ງ​ເດີ​ມນັ້ນ,
ທີ່​ໄດ້ເນັ້ນ​ໃຫ້​ເຫັນ​ເຖິງ​ການຕໍ່​ຕ້ານການຈັດຕັ້ງ ຊຶ່ງໃນ​ທີ່​ສຸດ ສາມາດ​ຕັດສິນ​ໄດ້​ວ່າ ຝຣັ່ງ
ຍັງ​ຈະຍຶດໝັ້ນ​ໃນ​ການ​ເປັນ​ສະມາຊິກ​ຂອງ​ສະຫະພາບ​ຢູ​ໂຣບ ຫຼື​ຕິດ​ຕາມ​ເສັ້ນທາງສາຍ
​ອິດສະຫຼະ ຄື​ກັນ​ກັບ​ອັງກິດຫລັງ​ຈາກ​ຖອນ​ຕົວ​ອອກ​ຈາກສະຫະພາບ​ຢູ​ໂຣບ​ແລ້ວ ​
ແລະ​ສະຫະລັດ ພາຍ​ໃຕ້​ການ​ນຳພາ​ຂອງ​ທ່ານ​ດໍ​ໂນລ ທຣຳ.

ທ່ານ Emmanuel Macron ຫົວນິຍົມແນວທາງເປັນກາງ, ກາງ, ກຳລັງເຂົ້າລົດ ຫຼັງຈາກພິທີຄົບຮອບ 102 ຂອງການສັງຫານຊາວ Armenians ໂດຍພວກ Ottoman Turks, 24 ເມສາ, 2017 ໃນ Paris.
ທ່ານ Emmanuel Macron ຫົວນິຍົມແນວທາງເປັນກາງ, ກາງ, ກຳລັງເຂົ້າລົດ ຫຼັງຈາກພິທີຄົບຮອບ 102 ຂອງການສັງຫານຊາວ Armenians ໂດຍພວກ Ottoman Turks, 24 ເມສາ, 2017 ໃນ Paris.


“​ໃນ​ນຶ່ງປີ, ພວກ​ເຮົາ ​ໄດ້​ປ່ຽນ​ແປງ ​ການ​ເມືອງ​ຂອງຝຣັ່ງ​ທັງ​ໝົດ,” ນັ້ນຄື​ຄຳ​ເວົ້າຂອງ
ທ່ານ Macron ​ທີ່ໄດ້​ກ່າວ​ໄວ້ ​ໃນ​ການ​ໂຮມ​ຊຸມນຸມ​ສະຫຼອງໄຊຊະນະ ​ໃນ​ແລ​ງວັນອາທິດ​
ຜ່ານ​ມາ​ນີ້.

ທ່ານ Macron ​ໄວ 39 ປີ ທີ່​ເປັນກາງອຽງ​ຊ້າຍ ​ແມ່ນອະດີດ​ລັດຖະມົນຕີ​ເສດຖະກິດ ຜູ້​ຊຶ່ງ​ນິຍົມສະຫະພາບ​ຢູ​ໂຣບ ​ແລະ​ສົ່ງ​ເສີມ​ທຸລະ​ກິດ ທີ່​ນຳພາ​ໂດຍ ການຢັ່ງ​ຫາງ​ສຽງ​ຂອງ​ການ
ເລືອກ​ຕັ້ງ​ ​ເຖິງ​ແມ່ນ​ວ່າ​ທ່ານ​ໄດ້​ພົວພັນ​ກັບ ປະທານາທິບໍດີ​ພັກສັງຄົມ​ນິຍົມທ່ານ Francois Hollande ​ທີ່​ບໍ່​ໄດ້​ຮັບ​ຄວາມ​ນິຍົມຈາກ​ປະຊາຊົນ​ນັ້ນກໍ​ຕາມ.

Demonstrators run away from tear gas during clashes with police in Paris, April 23, 2017.
Demonstrators run away from tear gas during clashes with police in Paris, April 23, 2017.

ການເຄື່ອນໄຫວ En Marche ໃນໄລຍະນຶ່ງປີ ທີ່ດຶງດູດຈິດໃຈ ສ່ວນໃຫຍ່ແລ້ວ ນອນຢູ່ ໃນຄວາມຈະເລີນຮຸ່ງເຮືອງ ໃນພື້ນທີ່ຕົວເມືອງຕ່າງໆຂອງຝຣັ່ງ ບ່ອນທີ່ໂລກາພິວັດ ໄດ້ສົ່ງ ຜົນປະໂຫຍດໃຫ້ແກ່ຫຼາຍໆຄົນ.

ອ່ານ​ຂ່າວ​ນີ້​ເພີ້​ມຕື່ມ​ເປັນ​ພາສາ​ອັງກິດ

ເຊີນຊົມ: ການແຂງຂັນລະຫວ່າງ ທ່ານ Macron ກັບທ່ານນາງ Le Pen Head ທີ່ເຂົ້າ ຮອບສຸດທ້າຍ ໃນການແຂງຂັນປະທານາທິບໍດີ ໃນຝຣັ່ງ

One day after French voters put her in a presidential runoff with centrist candidate Emmanuel Macron, nationalist, anti-immigration candidate Marine Le Pen has announced that she is temporarily stepping down as the leader of her party so she can run as a candidate for "all the French."

In a move aimed at broadening her appeal, Le Pen said on French public television, "Tonight, I am no longer the president of the National Front. I am the presidential candidate,'' adding that she wants to be "above partisan considerations.''

In what analysts describe as a political earthquake in France, Le Pen received 21.5% of the French presidential vote, while Macron garnered 23.8% of the vote. A winner needs an absolute majority, so a second round will be held on May 7.

It is the first time in the history of the modern French Republic that the presidency will be held by a member of a non-traditional party, highlighting a deep anti-establishment sentiment that ultimately could determine whether France remains a part of the EU or follows an independent path like that of post-Brexit Britain and the United States under Donald Trump.

"In one year, we have entirely changed French politics," Macron said at a victory rally Sunday night.

Macron, a 39-year-old center-left former economy minister who is pro-EU and pro-business, led pre-election polls despite his previous association with unpopular Socialist President Francois Hollande. The appeal of his year-old En Marche! movement lies mainly in France's prosperous urban areas, where globalism has benefited many.

His challenge is to galvanize support of centrists and the left, including members of France's fractured Socialist party, and convince voters he does not represent a continuation of Hollande's policies. He received congratulations from EU officials.

Le Pen, who wants France out of the European Union, has succeeded in winning over large numbers of former leftists and centrists.

News that Le Pen advanced to the second round sent left-wing protesters into Paris streets, where they clashed with police.

Among the top contenders in the 11 candidate field was former Prime Minister Francois Fillon, a center-right social conservative whose bid was damaged by allegations of creating fake jobs for close relatives. Conceding defeat on Sunday, he endorsed Macron.

Some 50,000 police officers backed by 7,000 soldiers, including special forces, were deployed to the streets following a terrorist attack days earlier that was claimed by the Islamic State terrorist group.

The shooting along the iconic Champs-Elysees in the heart of Paris left one police officer dead and several other people injured.

Observers thought the attack would benefit Le Pen.

In a tweet one day after the Champs Elysees shooting, U.S. President Trump said, "The people of France will not take much more of this. Will have a big effect on presidential election!"

Analysts and voters interviewed saw this as the most unpredictable election since World War II. One third of voters were undecided just days before the balloting.

In the last few weeks before the vote, far-left candidate Jean-Luc Melenchon surged in the polls and so did discussion of the previously obscure candidate in social media.

Among the ways his campaign lured young voters was through the release of a video game in which a player pretending to be Melenchon is shown in a battle against the rich and powerful.

Anger at the establishment is the sentiment driving voters in an election in which security, France's lagging economy, its 10 percent unemployment rate, and Islamist extremism are issues on the minds of those on the left and on the right.

That, say analysts, is what influenced large numbers of people, including some of the middle and upper class residents of Paris, to vote for candidates of the extreme.

"Some of them for the thrill of it. It's the principle, you know. Like playing Russian roulette, but politically. Some others it would be because they despise the elite of this country," said Thomas Guénolé, a political analyst in Paris, told VOA.

Socialist President Francois Hollande announced he would not to run for reelection after his approval ratings sank to 4%, something analysts widely attribute to a string of terrorist attacks in France and a stagnation of economic growth during his tenure. Hollande is the first incumbent president not to seek reelection in the history of the modern French republic.

Hollande on Monday urged people to back Macron and reject Le Pen, whose place in the run-off he said represents a "risk" for France.
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