ລິ້ງ ສຳຫລັບເຂົ້າຫາ

ຮ່າງຂໍ້ຕົກລົງ ຂັ້ນສຸດທ້າຍ ວ່າດ້ວຍ ດິນຟ້າອາກາດ ມີການ ເປີດເຜີຍແລ້ວ


ທ່ານ Ban Ki-moon (ຂວາ) ເລຂາທິການໃຫຍ່ ສປຊ ແລະ ລັດຖະມົນຕີ ການຕ່າງປະເທດຝຣັ່ງ ທ່ານ Laurent Fabius ປະທານກອງປະຊຸມ ວ່າດ້ວຍການປ່ຽນແປງ ດິນຟ້າອາກາດ ຂອງສະຫະປະຊາຊາດ ລາຍງານຕໍ່ກອງປະຊຸມ ຖະແຫຼງຂ່າວ ຢູ່ປາຣີ. (12 ທັນວາ 2015)

ທ່ານ Ban Ki-moon (ຂວາ) ເລຂາທິການໃຫຍ່ ສປຊ ແລະ ລັດຖະມົນຕີ ການຕ່າງປະເທດຝຣັ່ງ ທ່ານ Laurent Fabius ປະທານກອງປະຊຸມ ວ່າດ້ວຍການປ່ຽນແປງ ດິນຟ້າອາກາດ ຂອງສະຫະປະຊາຊາດ ລາຍງານຕໍ່ກອງປະຊຸມ ຖະແຫຼງຂ່າວ ຢູ່ປາຣີ. (12 ທັນວາ 2015)

ຄະນະ​ເຈລະຈາ​ທີ່​ໄປ​ເຕົ້າ​ໂຮມ​ກັນຢູ່​ກອງ​ປະຊຸມ​ວ່າ​ດ້ວຍ​ດິນ​ຟ້າ
​ອາກາດ ​ທີ່​ມີ​ການຄອງ​ຄອຍ​ຖ້າ ​ມາ​ເປັນ​ເວລາ​ດົນ​ນານ​ແລ້ວນັ້ນ​
ໄດ້​ນຳອອກ​ເຜີຍແຜ່ຮ່າງຂໍ້ຕົກລົງ​ຂັ້ນສຸດທ້າຍກ່ຽວ​ກັບ​ແຜນການ
​ສຳຄັນ ເພື່ອ​ເຮັດ​ໃຫ້​ສະພາບ​ອາດ​ຮ້ອນ​ເອົ້າຂອງ​ໂລກ​ຊ້າລົງ​ ລຸນ
​ຫລັງ​ການ​ເຈລະຈາ​ຢ່າງ​ຂຸ້ນຂ້ຽວ​ເປັນ​ເວລາ​ເກືອບ​ສອງ​ອາທິດ.

ຮ່າງ​ຂໍ້ຕົກລົງ​ທີ່​ນຳ​ອອກ​ເຜີຍ​ແຜ່​ໃນ​ຕອນ​ເຊົ້າວັນ​ເສົາມື້ນີ້ຍັງ​ຈະ
​ຕ້ອງ​ໄດ້​ຮັບການ​ອະນຸມັດ ​ຂັ້ນສຸດ​ທ້າຍ ຈາກ​ພວກ​ຜູ້​ແທນ​ຂອງ
190 ກວ່າ​ປະ​ເທດ​ທີ່​ເຂົ້າຮ່ວມ​ກອງ​ປະຊຸມແຕ່​ພວກ​ນັກ​ການ​ທູດ
​ຄາດ​ວ່າຈະ​ມີ​ຂຶ້ນ​ໃນ​ຕອນ​ບ່າຍ​ຂອງ​ມື້ນີ້.

​ດ້ວຍ​ການປະກາດວ່າ​ຂໍ້​ຕົກລົງວ່າດ້ວຍດິນ​ຟ້າ​ອາກາດເປັນ​ບາດ​ລ້ຽວປະຫວັດ​ສາດ ທ່ານ
Laurent Fabius ລັດຖະມົນຕີ​ການ​ຕ່າງປະ​ເທດ​ຝຣັ່ງ ກ່າວ​ວ່າ ຂໍ້​ຕົກລົງ​ດັ່ງກ່າວ ຈະ​ຈຳ ກັດຄວາມ​ຮ້ອນ​ເອົ້າຂອງ​ໂລກ ​ໃຫ້​ຕ່ຳ​ກວ່າ​ສອງ​ອົງສາ​ແຊ​ລ​ເຊີ​ສ ​ແລະ​ບາງ ທີອາດ​ຈະ​ຕ່ຳ
ເຖິງ 1.5 ອົງສາ​ກໍ​ເປັນ​ໄດ້.

ນອກ​ນັ້ນ​ແລ້ວ ທ່ານ Fabius ຍັງ​ກ່າວ​ວ່າ ​ເອກ​ກະສາ​ນດັ່ງກ່າວ​ ຈະ​ມີ​ຜົນ​ບັງຄັບ​ທາງ​ກົດ ໝາຍແລະ​ມີ​ກຳນົດ​ທີ່​ຈະ​ທົບ​ທວນພາຍ​ໃນ​ເວລາ​ຫ້າ​ປີແຜນການ​ຂອງ​ຊາດເພື່ອ​ຫລຸດ​ສະ
ພາບ​ອາກາດ​ຮ້ອນ​ເອົ້າ.​ ​ທ່ານ​ເວົ້າວ່າ ໃນ​ນັ້ນ​ແມ່ນ​ຈະ​ຮວມທັງ​ເງິນສະໜັບສະໜຸນປະຈຳ​
ປີເພື່ອ​ຮັບ​ມື​ກັບ​ການ​ປ່ຽນ​ແປງ​ຂອງ​ດິນ​ຟ້າ​ອາກາດຢ່າງ​ນ້ອຍ ​100 ພັນ​ລ້ານໂດ​ລາສຳລັບ
​ປະ​ເທດ​ທີ່​ກຳລັງ​ພັດທະນາ.

ທ່ານ Ban Ki-moon ​ເລຂາທິການ​ໃຫຍ່​ອົງການ​ສະຫະ​ປະຊາ​ຊາດ​ກ່າວ​ຕໍ່​ຄະນະ​ຜູ້​ແທນ
​ທີ່​ເຂົ້າ​ຮ່ວມ​ກອງ​ປະຊຸມ​ດິນຟ້າ​ອາກາດກ່ອນ​ທີ່ພວກ​ເຂົາ​ເຈົ້າຈະ​ພົວພັນ​ນຳການ​ອະພິປາຍ​ ແລະ​ການ​ລົງ​ຄະ​ແນນ​ສຽງ ເພື່ອ​ຮັບຮອງ​ເອົາ ຮ່າງຂໍ້ຕົກລົງນັ້ນວ່າ​ ຈຸດ​ສຸດ​ທ້າຍ​ແມ່ນ​ແນມ​
ເຫັນ​ແລ້ວ ຂໍ​ໃຫ້​ພວກ​ເຮົາ​ຈົ່ງ​ສຳ​ເລັດ​ເສັດ​ສິ້ນວຽກ​ງານດັ່ງ​ກ່າວ ​ໃນ​ເວລາ​ນີ້. ​ໂລກ​ທັງ​ໂລກ
​ກຳລັງ​ຈັບ​ຕາ​ເບິ່ງ.​ ຫລາຍໆ​ພັນ​ລ້ານ​ຄົນ​ແມ່ນກາງ​ຕໍ່ ​ການ​ຕັດສິນ​ໃຈ ​ຢ່າງ​ສະຫລາດ​ສ່ອງ​
ໃສ​ຂອງ​ທ່ານ.

ທ່ານ Ban ກ່າວ​ຕື່ມ​ວ່າ ​ເວລາ​ໄດ້​ມາ​ເຖິງ​ແລ້ວ​ເພື່ອ​ຮັບ​ຮູ້​ວ່າຜົນ​ປະ​ໂຫຍ​ດຂອງຊາດ​ແມ່ນ​ຈະດີກ​ວ່າ​ໂດຍ​ດຳ​ເນີນ​ການ​ ເພື່ອເ​ຫັນ​ແກ່ຜົນ​ປະ​ໂຫຍ​ດຂອງ​ໂລກ ​ແລະຄວາມ​ເປັນ​ເອກ​ກະພາບ​ກັນ.

ປະທານາທິບໍດີ​ຝຣັ່ງ ທ່ານ Francois Hollande ກໍ​ໄດ້​ຊຸກຍູ້​ໃຫ້​ຄະນະ​ຜູ້​ແທນຕ່າງໆ​ສະ ໜັບສະໜຸນ​ເອກ​ກະສາ​ນດັ່ງກ່າວ​ ຊຶ່ງທ່ານ​ເວົ້າວ່າ ຈະ​ເປັນການ​ກະທຳ ທີ່​ສຳຄັນ​ສຳລັບ​ມະນຸດຊາດ.

Negotiators at a long-awaited climate conference in Paris have released the final draft of an ambitious plan to slow global warming, following almost two weeks of strenuous negotiations.

The text released early Saturday still must receive final approval from the delegates of the over 190 nations gathered at the conference, but diplomats expect that to come as early as later in the afternoon.

If approved, the proposal could represent a major breakthrough in a decades-long global attempt to curb emissions of fossil fuels that scientists say are causing global temperatures to rise dangerously.

The pact attempts to balance the interests of richer, developed nations and poorer, developing countries, many of which have insisted they should not be held to as high an environmental standard.

There were also lingering questions about how to verify the agreement, which is not legally binding.

On Friday, talks were extended an extra day as teams from 196 countries aim to reach the most wide-ranging climate deal since the 1997 Kyoto protocol, this time involving not only industrialized nations, but also developing countries in a global effort to deal with climate change.

At the time, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said a lot of progress has been made at the U.N. climate talks in Paris, but some "very difficult" issues must be resolved.

Optimism

Kerry met Friday with French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius after what sources said was a hard night of negotiations among the 195 nations at the Paris meetings.

Fabius said he was optimistic for an agreement.

"All the conditions are there for us to reach a universal, ambitious agreement," said Fabius. "Now it's the ministers' responsibility to make their choice tomorrow [Saturday]."

U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon described the talks as "extremely difficult" as he urged delegates to put aside national concerns for the good of the entire planet.

"This is not a moment for talking about national perspectives. Good global solutions will help good local solutions," said Ban.

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, left, and United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon meet on the sidelines of the COP 21 United Nations conference on climate change, in Le Bourget, on the outskirts of Paris, Dec. 11, 2015.

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, left, and United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon meet on the sidelines of the COP 21 United Nations conference on climate change, in Le Bourget, on the outskirts of Paris, Dec. 11, 2015.

​The biggest disagreements have been over how much financial responsibility poorer nations should take in the cost of emissions-cutting measures, and what the stated long-term goal should be for the agreement.

But a Chinese representative said the deal should have different rules for different countries, calling the demand "quite legitimate" if some populations want to maintain a certain lifestyle.

Global temperatures

Earlier world climate conferences had set a goal of keeping the rise in global temperatures this century to two degrees (Celsius) above worldwide levels before the industrial era started.

However, newer research has indicated that a lower target – such as limiting the rise in temperatures to 1.5 degrees – would be preferable.

Island nations contend that the rise in sea levels triggered by higher global temperature puts at risk their very existence.

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